Closed Friday 7th & Monday 10th April

Choosing the best wood flooring patterns that suit your taste and lifestyle adds personality to your living quarters. These patterns not only serve as the foundation of your interior decor but also mirror your unique sense of style.

Whether you're looking for something with a traditional feel like herringbone and chevron or a more modern layout like basketweave, this article gives you a comprehensive list to assist your shopping.

In the following sections, we'll delve into different types of wood flooring patterns, their installation process, and costs. 

What Is A Wood Flooring Pattern?

A wood flooring pattern defines the arrangement of planks during installation. These wood floor layout patterns influence a room's aesthetic, perceived size, and flow, making them a crucial element of your interior design.

What Are The Different Types Of Wood Flooring Patterns?

Wood flooring patterns can vary, offering numerous layout designs that can transform your room's visual appeal. Here's a look at some popular types and their suitability for different home settings.

Straight

Straight is the most common wood flooring pattern. Planks are laid parallel to each other along the length or width of the room. This pattern can be used in any setting, providing a clean, contemporary feel. It's great for minimalist homeowners seeking simplicity.

Pros

Cons

Diagonal

The Diagonal pattern sees planks at a 45-degree angle, offering a more dynamic aesthetic. It is ideal for spacious, open-plan settings and provides a sense of movement and drama. Those seeking a unique twist on traditional layouts will love this pattern.

Pros

Cons

Random

Random pattern planks cut the material in varying lengths, resulting in an informal, organic look. Perfectly suited for rustic or country-style homes, this pattern is recommended for those who want an unconventional, textured appearance.

Pros

Cons

Brick

Brick pattern emulates classic brickwork, with each row offset at the mid-point of the row below. It’s best for cosy, traditional homes, and a favourite among those who appreciate timeless design.

Pros

Cons

Basketweave

Basketweave is an intricate pattern, forming a design that resembles woven strands. Ideal for large, elegant rooms, it is recommended for homeowners who fancy a touch of sophistication.

Pros

Cons

Herringbone

Herringbone pattern uses rectangular blocks arranged in a distinctive ‘V' shape. Suited for grand, spacious rooms, it's perfect for those desiring a sense of luxury.

Pros

Cons

Chevron

Chevron pattern, like Herringbone, forms ‘V' shapes, but the ends of the planks are cut at an angle to create a more continuous zigzag. Ideal for modern minimalistic homes, it's suited for aesthetically-driven homeowners.

Pros

Cons

Parquet

Parquet consists of geometric patterns formed with small wooden blocks. It’s perfect for traditional homes or rooms needing a centrepiece. Parquet is an excellent choice for homeowners valuing artistry and creative design.

Pros

Cons

Tile

Tile pattern involves creating a square board of four planks and then replicating it throughout the room. Suitable for both small and large spaces, it's a top choice for practical homeowners wanting a versatile solution. 

Pros

Cons

Versailles

Versailles pattern is a highly ornamental parquet design, characterised by squares filled with diagonal and interlacing lines. Ideal for large, opulent spaces, it's recommended for homeowners seeking grandeur.

Pros

Cons

Wood flooring patterns guide with types, installation, and price information. Explore straight, diagonal, herringbone, and more for stunning floor designs in UK homes.

How Do You Install The Different Patterns?

Installing wood flooring patterns can take time, but with the right preparations, materials, and expert support, it doesn’t have to be a headache. 

The fundamental materials needed for installation generally include the wood flooring planks, a saw for cutting, adhesive for glue-down installations, nails for nail-down installations, a rubber mallet to fit the planks together, and spacers to maintain an expansion gap around the room's perimeter. 

Each flooring pattern has its unique installation approach. The Straight pattern is the simplest to install, with planks laid parallel to each other. For the Diagonal pattern, the planks are placed at a 45-degree angle to the walls. The Random pattern requires careful planning to ensure an aesthetically pleasing mix of plank lengths. 

Patterns like Brick, Basketweave, Herringbone, Chevron, and Parquet need careful measurements and meticulous placement due to their complex designs. The Tile pattern is relatively easy to fit, with the only challenge being the initial layout. 

Versailles, being highly detailed, can be quite complex and usually requires professional installation.

Always maintain consistent spacing around the room's perimeter to allow for wood expansion. For more intricate designs, we recommend hiring a professional installer. 

How Much Do The Different Patterns Cost?

Prices for wood flooring patterns can greatly vary, from as low as £20 per square metre for basic designs, skyrocketing to £100+ per square metre for more intricate patterns.

Here's a general breakdown of costs, though actual prices can vary depending on several factors such as the type of wood used, the complexity of the pattern, and labour costs.

The above estimates are indicative and sourced from various UK flooring specialists and installation services. For the full cost of flooring installation, the following factors will affect your expenses:

For exact costs, we recommend reaching out to local specialists for quotes based on your specific project.

Can You Make Patterns With Any Other Type Of Flooring?

Yes, you certainly can create patterns with other types of flooring. Wood is just one of many materials suitable for floor pattern designs.

1. Tile: Tiles come in numerous shapes, sizes, colours, and materials, making them ideal for creating unique patterns. Consider using porcelain or ceramic tiles for geometric patterns. 

2. Laminate: Laminate flooring, often imitating the look of wood or stone, can also be arranged into patterns such as herringbone or brick.

3. Vinyl: With vinyl flooring, you can experiment with patterns while enjoying the benefit of a durable and affordable material. Luxury Vinyl Tiles (LVT) can be used for intricate patterns.

4. Stone: Stone flooring (like marble, granite, or travertine) offers unique textures and colours, suitable for creating visually striking patterns, especially for grand entryways.

5. Carpet Tiles: These provide the comfort of carpet but with the ability to create custom designs. Consider using contrasting coloured tiles for maximum visual impact.

Your pattern choice depends on the look you're aiming to achieve, your budget, and practical considerations like durability and maintenance.

Conclusion

The flooring pattern you choose influences the room's perceived size and flow. Whether it's the simplicity of a straight pattern or the majestic complexity of the Versailles design, your choice will reflect your style and practical needs. 

Don’t hesitate to seek expert help. Flooring experts can provide advice tailored to your needs and home specifications, guiding you through various choices. We started this journey by discussing the importance of selecting the right flooring pattern. Now, it’s your turn to take the next step.
Take your time, explore different possibilities, and when you're ready, get in touch with our local specialist to turn your vision into reality.

With its rich patina and timeless elegance, wood flooring never goes out of style. It can elevate any décor and add a lot of character and value to your home with its natural warmth and classic beauty. 

Wood flooring is sturdy and long-lasting if maintained properly, lasting up to 100 years or more. And even though it can be scratched, the scratches can add a touch of antique charm, especially as the wood ages. 

In this comprehensive guide, we’ll discuss everything you need to know about the wood flooring installation process, from its main steps to whether or not it’s DIY-friendly.

1. Choosing Your Flooring

First order of business, you need to choose the right type of wood flooring for your project. There are several factors to consider here as indicated below. 

  1. Type of Wood

Solid hardwood, engineered wood, and laminate floors each have their pros and cons. Solid hardwood is the way to go for maximum longevity, whereas engineered wood is perfect for dimensional stability, especially with radiant heat or concrete subfloor installations. If you’re on a tight budget, laminate floors are a good option. 

  1. Width of Floorboards

Deciding on the width of the floorboards will boil down to aesthetic preferences. Wide-plank floors, around 125mm to 200mm, offer a dramatic and rustic look, but they’re more costly than traditional floors (70mm to 100mm).

  1. Quality Grade

Higher grades of wood have a uniform, almost flawless appearance but come with a high price tag. Lower grades tend to have knots and visible character marks. Choose the grade that suits your budget and desired look. 

  1. Colour and Finish

Do you want your flooring to be light (e.g., natural oak) or dark (e.g., walnut)? Also, do you want a glossy finish that offers shine and depth or a matte/satin finish with a more subtle lustre? 

Along with the above-listed factors, which relate mainly to the characteristics of wood, there are non-wood-related factors that should influence your choice of flooring, namely: 

Living rooms and bedrooms allow more flexibility in flooring choices compared to high-moisture areas like bathrooms and kitchens. Solid hardwood and engineered wood are suitable for most rooms, while LVT and laminate are suited for kitchens and bathrooms. 

For smaller rooms, we highly recommend going with wide-plank floors. Narrow-plank floors can make small rooms feel cramped, while wide planks will make them look more commodious. 

Wide-plank, matte-finish floors are best suited for contemporary spaces. For traditional homes, glossy-finish classic oak, maple, or cherry floors are a good fit. For more rustic styles, opt for distressed or hand-scraped wood. 

Houses with kids or pets may warrant more scratch-resistant wood finishes. As for houses in humid climates, they should opt for wood varieties that offer high dimensional stability, like red oak and ash. 

The amount of natural and artificial lighting can affect how a wood floor looks. For example, darker stains typically show more detail in bright light. 

2. Measuring Up

The next step in a typical wood flooring installation involves taking measurements to calculate how much flooring you need and a rough estimate of the cost. 

  1. Calculate the Square Meterage 

Using a tape measure or a laser distance measurer, measure the length and width of each room you’re looking to refloor. We recommend taking measurements in multiple spots as most rooms aren’t perfectly rectangular. You then multiply the average length by the average width to get the square meterage. 

Example: If the room's length is 6m and the width is 4m, the square meterage would be 24m². For irregular rooms, check out this video tutorial

  1. Account for Cutting Waste

The figure you calculated in the previous step isn’t the final figure. You still need to account for cutting waste and defects. To do so, add 5-10% to the square meterage. If you’re working with parquets as opposed to planks, you should add 12-15%. 

  1. Figure Out Flooring Direction

Perpendicular flooring draws the eye from side to side across a room. This has the effect of making a room appear larger. Parallel flooring draws the eye ahead in the direction of entryways or windows. It helps add depth to smaller spaces. The latter is the more traditional choice for most installations. 

To figure out how much flooring you need, calculate the square meterage, add the 5-15% cutting waste factor, and then multiply the result by the width of the flooring board to get a linear value. 

Here’s an example:

  1. Room is 5 metres in length and 4 metres in width = 20 square metres.
  2. 10% cutting waste factor = 2 additional square metres.
  3. Total adjusted square meterage is 22 square metres.
  4. Assume the flooring boards are 20cm wide = 0.2m.
  5. Multiply total square meterage (22) by board width (0.2) = 4.4 linear metres. 

So, to cover a room that measures 20 square metres using 20cm-wide boards with a 10% waste factor, you would need to purchase approximately 4.4 linear metres of flooring. 

To calculate the cost of your purchase, simply multiply the number of linear metres by the price per linear metre. If the price per linear metre is £50, for instance, you would spend £220 for 4.4 linear metres. 

Note: If the flooring is sold by the square metre, simply multiply the total adjusted square meterage—22 square metres in the example above—by the cost per square metre. 

3. Selecting Tools

Now that you’ve purchased enough flooring material for your project, it’s time to gather the tools necessary for the installation. Some of the tools listed below will already be in your toolbox.

  1. Tape Measure

You should already have a tape measure if you’ve carried out the previous step. You use it, along with a carpenter's square and some chalk, to measure and mark straight lines during the installation. 

  1. Dust Mask

When using power tools on wood, dust particles are going to fly everywhere. You definitely wouldn’t want to inhale that dust, so be sure to have a dust mask handy. Ear protection is also recommended. 

  1. Table/Miter Saw

You’ll need a table saw or mitre saw to cut wood planks to size and mitre their edges. We’d recommend getting a sliding mitre saw for wide cross-cuts. 

  1. Jamb Saw

This is a specialised hand saw that’s used to undercut door jambs so that flooring can fit underneath them. This isn’t necessary, but it makes for a clean finish. 

  1. Flooring Nailer/Stapler

You’ll need a nailer or stapler to secure tongue-and-groove hardwood planks to the subfloor. Make sure to purchase nails/staples that are compatible with your flooring thickness. 

  1. Rubber Mallet

This is a soft hammer that you’ll use to tap the flooring together. Avoid using a hammer that has a metal head to prevent dents and damage. 

  1. Tapping Block and Pull Bar

You’ll use these tools with the rubber mallet to tap the wooden planks tightly together and pull them into place while avoiding damage. 

  1. Power Drill/Driver

You’ll use the power drill/drive to screw the flooring planks to the subfloor. We recommend having a selection of drill bits on hand for a smooth installation. 

  1. Moisture Metre

You’ll use this metre to test the moisture content of the subfloor and wooden planks before installation. Wagner and Lingomat are popular brand names to consider. 

  1. Pry Bar

Useful for removing existing floorboards and mouldings. We recommend getting one with a flattened end for easier floorboard/moulding removal.  

  1. Utility Knife

While not an essential tool, you may need it for trimming excess flooring and underlayment. Make sure to use fresh blades for clean cuts. 

  1. Wood Flooring Cleaner

Lastly, you’ll need a flooring cleaner to clean the finished floors after you’re done with the installation. Two of our favourite hardwood floor cleaner brands are Bona and Bruce. 

4. Subfloor Preparation

The subfloor is a building’s foundational floor. It’s typically made up of plywood or concrete. Subfloor preparation, as the name suggests, is the process of getting the subfloor ready for the new flooring materials (i.e., wood). 

There are several ways to prepare your subfloor for wood flooring, from making sure it’s level and in good condition to ensuring it’s clean and dry. 

A typical subfloor preparation involves ensuring that the subfloor is:

  1. Flat and level, using a straight edge or a spirit level. 
  2. Dry, using a moisture metre. 
  3. Clean, by sweeping and removing surface dirt, chemicals, and adhesives. 

5. Underlay or Glue

Underlayment is a material that’s installed between the subfloor and wood flooring to provide moisture protection and sound absorption. Glue or adhesives, on the other hand, are used to bond the wood flooring boards directly to the subfloor. 

If you’re having a hard time choosing between the two, consider their pros and cons:

MethodProsCons
Underlayment– Cushioning and isolation- Noise and echo reduction- Allows for floating floor installation– More expensive than adhesives- May also require adhesive for stability- Slightly increases floor height 
Adhesion– Strong bond to subflooring- Direct glue-down installation- No need for underlayment– Messy application process- Fumes require ventilation- The floors cannot be floated

Both application methods ensure a smooth and stable finished floor. Choosing between them will boil down to the specific type of flooring being installed and personal preference. 

Go for underlayment if you’re looking to create a buffer layer between the wood flooring and the subflooring. But if you’re looking for a direct attachment method, adhesion is your best bet. 

6. Laying Wood Flooring

After you’ve prepared your subflooring, settled on an application method, and determined the optimal direction for the flooring boards based on the size and shape of the space, it’s time to lay the wood flooring.

Here are the steps you need to follow:

  1. Remove Baseboards and Trim

You first need to pry off existing baseboards, door trim, and thresholds using the pry bar. Be careful not to damage the trim pieces as you’ll reinstall them later. Also, be sure not to damage the walls. 

  1. Lay the Starter Row

From a corner, start laying the first row of boards against the straightest wall in the room, with spacers placed against the walls to allow for expansion gaps. Make sure this starter row is as straight as possible, as this will affect the rest of the installation. 

  1. Stagger the End Joints

The end seams between the boards of each consecutive row should be staggered by at least 150 to 300mm. This ensures stability and prevents aligned seams, which could crack over time. 

  1. Use Fasteners

As you lay each board, use a stapler or nail gun to place fasteners every 100 to 150mm along the boards. You can also use temporary fixing cleats. 

  1. Secret Nail at the Tongue

Secret nailing is a technique where you nail through the tongue of the floorboard at an angle so that the nail heads are concealed once the adjoining board is installed. 

  1. Knock the Boards Into Place

Using the tapping block, gently knock the boards into place. Once again, you don’t want to use a hammer in this step as it can damage the surface of the boards. 

  1. Cut Final Row

Measure and cut the final row of boards to fit snugly against the wall while accounting for the spacer gaps. You may need to use the pry bar to manoeuvre into place. 

  1. Reinstall the Trim

Once you’re done with the steps above, simply renail all skirting boards, thresholds, and door trim to cover the expansion gaps along the walls and doors. 

7. Finishing Wooden Flooring

Finishing is the process of sanding, staining, and applying protective sealant to the wood flooring. If the flooring you bought is already sanded and stained, you’ll only need to apply a sealant. 

Here’s what this process entails:

  1. Sand the Flooring

Use a coarse to fine sandpaper to smoothen the surface of the flooring. You’ll need to vacuum after each sanding to keep the place free of wood particles. 

  1. Apply Stain

If desired, you can use water or oil-based stains to achieve the specific look you want. We recommend testing on samples first. We also recommend applying the stain along with, not against, the wood grain. 

  1. Seal the Floor

Next, you need to seal the floor so that moisture doesn’t seep in between the boards. You can use water-based polyurethane or moisture-cured urethane (for humid environments). 

  1. Apply Wax Finish

This step is optional, but waxing helps give you a classic, low-sheen look that’s quite appealing. We recommend it for low-traffic areas. 

Comprehensive wood flooring installation process in the UK - measuring, floor prep, tools, cost, maintenance. DIY guide for a perfect wooden floor transformation.

8. Maintaining Wood Flooring

Proper maintenance keeps your wooden floor in good condition and extends its beauty. Here are some tips on how to maintain your wooden floor after installation:

  1. Regular Sweeping and Vacuuming

Use a soft-bristle broom to sweep your wood flooring regularly. Also, use a hardwood-safe vacuum to get rid of dirt and debris that can scratch the wood. 

  1. Cleaning Spills Promptly

Any liquid spills should be wiped up as quickly as possible. If you let it linger long enough, it will stain and warp the wood. 

  1. Damp Mopping

If you’re used to mopping your floor every so often, you’ll want to tone it down a bit. And when it’s time to mop, be sure to use a damp, not wet, mop to avoid soaking the floors.

  1. Controlling Humidity

You can probably see the pattern here; water and wood flooring don’t mix! So you’ll want to keep the humidity level in your house between 40% and 60% to minimise expansion and contraction. 

  1. Using Felt Pads for Furniture

Attach felt pads to chair and table legs to prevent them from scratching and denting your hardwood floor. 

  1. Limiting Direct Sunlight

UV light can damage your wooden floor and cause it to fade. So be sure to use curtains, shades, or rugs to limit direct sunlight exposure. 

Please bear in mind that different types of wood flooring require different levels of maintenance. For instance, exotic wood that’s imported from tropical regions often requires more careful maintenance than domestic hardwoods. 

Generally speaking, darker, smoother wood floors show wear and tear more readily than lighter, wire-brushed floors. So the darker and smoother your floor, the more maintenance it’ll need. 

Do Different Styles and Patterns Require a Different Installation Process?

Yes, different flooring styles and patterns do require a slightly different installation process. For instance:

  1. Solid Hardwood

Basic installation; often nailed or stapled to the subfloor. It comes in simple patterns like parallel boards or squares. 

  1. Engineered Wood

Can accommodate more intricate design patterns like herringbone due to its dimensional stability. That said, the boards must be precisely cut and glued to the subfloor rather than nailed. 

  1. Exotic Woods

Brittleness and hardness may limit pattern options in certain exotic wood varieties. They’re often glued down to the subfloor as opposed to nailed or stapled. 

How Much Does It Cost to Install Wood Flooring?

The wood itself is going to cost anywhere from £20 to £100 per square metre, depending on the type of wood you choose. Add another £15 to £30 per square metre for the installation. 

Several factors affect the cost of wood flooring installation. Different patterns and finishes can be more expensive than others. You also have to account for factors like board width and wood grade. 

Here’s a brief explanation:

  1. Wood Species

Different wood species come at different prices as a result of their varying availability and durability. As an example, pine costs considerably less than walnut because it’s not as resistant to damage. 

  1. Pattern/Design

Certain patterns and designs are more intricate and elaborate than others, requiring more skill and time from your contractor to install. 

  1. Finish

Traditional finishes like oil and wax are more affordable than more modern finishes like lacquer and varnish.

  1. Board Width

Narrow plank widths (70mm to 100mm) often cost less than wider planks (125mm to 200mm). 

  1. Wood Grade

The higher the wood grade, as in the fewer knots and defects it has, the more it costs. 

How Long Does It Take to Install Wood Flooring?

Wood flooring installation for an average-sized room takes 2-5 days. If you’re flooring an entire house, the process can take 1-2 weeks. 

The time it takes to complete a wood flooring installation varies based on a range of factors, the biggest of which is room size. Flooring larger rooms or multiple rooms will need more total labour hours to complete. 

Other factors that affect installation time include:

Do You Need to Hire a Professional for Wood Flooring Installation?

No, you don’t need to hire a professional for wood flooring installation. However, unless you have experience with flooring projects, hiring a professional would be advisable. 

Pros of hiring a professional:

Cons of hiring a professional:

Can You Fit Wood Flooring Yourself?

You can, but unless you have enough DIY flooring experience, we wouldn’t recommend it. It’s a difficult project that requires a great deal of experience. 

Pros of DIY wood flooring:

Cons of DIY wood flooring:

Can You Install Wood Flooring Over Your Existing Flooring?

Yes, but it depends on the type of existing flooring you have. You can install wood over concrete, tile, sheet vinyl, OSB, and plywood. You shouldn’t install it over carpet, cushioned vinyl, or floating floors. 

Does Wood Flooring Need Acclimation Before Installation?

Yes, wood needs to acclimate for 3-5 days in the room in which it will be installed. This is to allow the boards to adjust the room’s temperature and humidity. 

What Are Some Common Problems When Laying Wood Flooring?

Some of the most common problems when laying wood flooring include:

What Is the Process for Installing Laminate Flooring?

Here are the steps to installing laminate flooring:

  1. Make sure the subfloor is clean and level
  2. Cut the planks to fit room size
  3. Lay foam underlayment
  4. Leave an expansion gap of around 10-15mm
  5. Stagger the end joints of the planks
  6. Lock the planks together on their ends and sides
  7. Use spacer wedges for proper alignment
  8. Seal the seams (you can use silicone caulk)

What Is the Process of Installing Vinyl Flooring?

Here are the steps to installing vinyl flooring:

  1. Clean and level the subfloor
  2. Cut the planks to fit room size
  3. Lay a thin foam underlayment
  4. Place the planks with the tongue side facing the wall
  5. Lock the planks together on their ends and sides
  6. Heat the seams using a heat gun
  7. Install trim moulding over the edges

Wrap-Up

Wood flooring adds a timeless and natural beauty to any space. It’s versatile, durable, and easy to maintain, not to mention that it increases your property’s value!

While it’s possible to DIY a wood flooring project, it’s not recommended. If you don’t have enough experience, you’ll run into a host of problems that will eventually lead to poor results. For professional wood flooring installation in the UK, get in touch with us.

From the faded tones of ash and oak to the rich darkness of mahogany and teak, wood flooring leaves little to be desired when it comes to style. The texture, grainy pattern, and colour of the floor combine to give you an elegant masterpiece that speaks luxury.

In addition to styles, wood flooring comes in endless patterns, finishes, and species, which is a mixed blessing. While you’re guaranteed to land a floor suitable for your needs, you’ll have a challenging time finding it amidst the vast options. And that’s why we’re here!

We’ll go through the different types of wood flooring for your property, sparing no effort to give you all the information you need. By the time we’re done, you’ll have a perfect idea about the wood flooring type, pattern, species, and finish your property needs, so keep on reading!

Engineered

Engineered wood flooring combines a thin hardwood layer with one or more plywood layers. The combination of natural and synthetic materials gives you the best of both worlds. You get the boosted durability of plywood and the natural charm of hardwood. On top of that, engineered wood floors come in every shape and style, making them suitable for all types of properties.

Pros:

Cons:

Solid

Solid wood flooring is made from hardwood species only, without the incorporation of any synthetics. Because of this, it’s stronger than engineered wood and can be refinished multiple times. It’s also resistant to signs of wear, making it ideal for high-traffic properties. However, given its hefty price, it’s rarely seen in commercial and industrial places.

Pros:

Cons:

Parquet

Parquet wood flooring is made from hardwood and arranged in a characteristic geometric mosaic pattern. It flaunts a timeless design that has put it at the top of the flooring industry for years. From managerial offices and lavish commercial settings to elegant residential places, parquet has endless applications. Its only drawback is its expensive price.

Pros:

Cons:

Laminate

Laminate flooring isn’t made of wood; instead, it’s made of a combination of resin, wood, fibreboard, and a design layer. It resembles the grainy appearance of wood, letting homeowners enjoy the charming look and feel of the natural material without paying high prices for it. Better yet, it’s highly versatile and suitable for industrial, commercial, and residential properties.

Pros:

Cons:

Vinyl

Vinyl flooring’s selling point is that it combines the natural appearance of wood and the favourable qualities of synthetic materials. It’s mostly made from PVC, along with other synthetics, to boost its durability and resistance. Because of its features and affordable prices, it’s ideal for high-traffic commercial and residential properties.

Pros:

Cons:

Reclaimed

Reclaimed wood is made from centuries-old wooden structures, giving it a historic charm and rustic appearance like no other type of flooring. Given its recycled nature, it’s an eco-conscious choice, ideal for environmental enthusiasts. It fits like a puzzle in countryside houses and cabins because of its battered look.

Pros:

Cons:

Wood Effect Tiles

Wood effect tiles are manufactured from porcelain but are made to resemble natural wood. They sport unprecedented durability as they’re resistant to scratches, dents, and wear signs. Also, they’re easier to clean and maintain than natural wood because they’re waterproof. Wood effect tiles are most suitable for high-traffic damp rooms, but they don’t boost resale value.

Pros:

Cons:

What Are the Different Types of Wood Flooring Patterns?

Wood flooring comes in a myriad of patterns and styles that evoke luxurious and cosy feelings. Here’s a roundup of the most famous ones and their intended use.

Herringbone

Herringbone is a sophisticated geometrical pattern, most famously associated with parquet floors. It consists of diagonally laid wood tiles that connect to make a ‘V’ shape. Sometimes, the tiles are coloured in different shades to give the floor a rich, standout style. Because of herringbone’s uncontested elegance, it’s meant for classical residential settings.

Chevron

Chevron is another famous parquet pattern that consists of diagonally laid wood tiles. However, unlike the puzzle-like appearance of herringbone, the tiles are connected seamlessly without interlocking. From a birds-eye view, it looks more neat than herringbone but lacks its charming and classical character. That’s why it’s best left for modern settings.

Mixed

Mixed wood floors consist of equally sized wood squares framing narrow tiles that are either laid horizontally or diagonally. They’re a modernised version of herringbone and chevron, making them ideal for contemporary residential interiors.

Horizontal or Diagonal

The most basic wood flooring patterns are horizontal and diagonal. The first one consists of wood planks laid parallel to two walls. Meanwhile, the diagonal pattern consists of planks laid at an angle. It’s pricier to install than the horizontal pattern because wood planks have to be cut to fit the awkward angles. Both are suitable for endless properties because of their simple designs.

What Are the Types of Wood Flooring Cut Patterns?

Wooden logs are cut at specific angles to produce the unique grainy patterns that you see atop wood floors. The four cutting patterns are plain-sawn, quarter-sawn, rift-sawn, and live-sawn.

Plain/Flat-Sawn

The plain-sawn method consists of cutting the log from outside towards its centre, producing tall parallel planks. Once the centre of the log becomes visible, the woodcutter turns it at a 90-degree angle and starts cutting again till all four sides of the log are cut. The resulting planks spot a cathedral-grainy pattern and are affordable because of the easy cutting method.

Quarter-Sawn

In this cut, the woodcutter quarters the wood log into four equally sized pieces. Then, they cut each quarter into parallel planks, starting from the outer side and working their way to the centre. This cutting method results in visible growth rings atop each plank, which makes for a unique appearance. Because it’s more challenging than plain-sawn, it’s slightly less affordable.

Rift-Sawn

The rift-sawn method is similar to the quarter-sawn, only the woodcutter cuts planks from the centre towards the outer side, not the other way around. The growth rings also show clearly on the planks. Rift sawing results in a lot of wasted wood, so it costs more than other cutting methods.

Live-Sawn

Live sawing is the most straightforward wood-cutting method. The cutter cuts the log horizontally into planks without turning it at any angle. Some planks show the tree’s growth rings clearly at various angles, resulting in unique and rustic patterns.

What Are the Types of Wood Flooring Species?

The species of the tree where the wood is taken dictates the floor’s colour, durability, and price. Here’s a detailed roundup of the most famous wood flooring species and their favourable qualities.

Oak Flooring

Oak flooring sports light golden hues and a dense grain appearance that boosts its resistance to wear. It’s highly affordable because of the wide abundance of oak trees, and you can find it almost anywhere in the world. Given its stylish nature and durability, it’s a famous option in high-traffic residential rooms.

Ash Flooring

Ash flooring comes in light grey hues and is extremely dense, giving it unprecedented durability and resilience. It absorbs noise better than many types of wood, making it perfect for loud commercial settings like shops and offices. Best of all, it’s as affordable as oak flooring.

Walnut Flooring

Walnut flooring is best known for its rich, chocolatey shades and polished appearance that screams luxury. It’s slightly pricier than average and can be refinished multiple times to change its look. While it’s durable enough for high-traffic areas, it’s prone to scratches. That’s why it’s a better fit for houses with no pets.

Maple Flooring

Maple flooring features pale sandy tones that go perfectly in contemporary interiors. It has one of the densest wood structures in the world, giving it uncontested strength. That’s why it’s common to see it in bowling alleys and high-traffic places. Better yet, these favourable qualities don’t come at a high price, as maple is reasonably affordable.

Hickory Flooring

Hickory flooring combines light sandy tones, reddish hues, and knotty grains to give you an art piece. In addition to its characteristic appearance, it’s decently durable and resistant to wear signs. For these reasons, it’s a smart option for mid to high-traffic residential properties.

Mahogany Flooring

Mahogany flooring is famous for its rich, dark appearance and luxurious feel. It gets darker with age and is favoured in classical residential settings because of its sophisticated aura. However, its best quality is strong resistance to water damage because of its pocketless structure.

Teak Flooring

Teak flooring has the ‘basic wood’ look with golden brown shades and a grainy texture. It’s most famously used in modern and classic residential interiors because of its durability. One of its finest qualities is that it naturally repels insects and termites. However, it comes at a high price, as teak is one of the priciest types of wood on the market.

Pine Flooring

Pine flooring features a stylish casual appearance, complemented by golden brown streaks and occasional dark spots. It’s made from softwood, making it comfortable underfoot but prone to scratches and dents. Its selling point is the highly affordable price and versatility. As long as you place it in low or mid-traffic places, you can put it on any property you want.

Cork Flooring

Cork flooring has a characteristic textured appearance that doesn’t look as grainy as other wood types. It’s a famous choice for kitchens because of its resistance to water and fire. Another favourable quality it holds is its excellent absorbance of shocks and noise. However, it’s pricier than most of the other types.

Bamboo Flooring

Bamboo flooring is made from grass, but it sports a woodsy appearance and a rich brown colour. It’s famous in houses because of its high durability and resistance to insects. Also, it can be restyled by removing its finish and applying another one. While it’s resistant to scratches and dents, it’s prone to UV damage if exposed to sunlight for too long.

What Are the Types of Wood Flooring Finishes?

Most wood floors require a finishing layer for enhanced protection against scratches and wear signs. Luckily, the market doesn’t lack wood flooring finishes. Here’s a rundown of the most common ones.

Natural-Oiled Wood Flooring

Natural-oiled wood flooring is covered with a layer of air-dried matt oil to enhance its resistance to scratches. It doesn’t do much to protect against UV damage, unlike other finishes. However, it’s a favourite for many because it preserves the polished, grainy appearance of wood.

UV-Oiled Wood Flooring

UV-oiled wood flooring is covered with the same material as natural-oiled. But the oil is treated with UV light, hardening it and improving its resistance and durability. This finish results in a matte look, concealing the natural shine of the wood.

Brushed and Oiled Wood Flooring

Brushed and oiled wood flooring has the same protection level as UV-oiled. However, the brushing involved preserves the natural grainy texture of wood without polishing it. Because of this, it’s common in rustic settings.

Lacquered Wood Flooring

Lacquered wood flooring is protected by a matte or satin layer that keeps UV damage and darkened spots at bay. It’s also resistant to scratches and signs of wear, making it ideal for high-traffic areas.

Hand-Scraped Wood Flooring

After its name, hand-scraped wood flooring is scraped manually, plank by plank. This unique method conceals any existent scratches and dents and boosts the floor’s resistance to wear signs. However, it has a rough texture that’s tougher to clean than polished finishes.

Distressed Wood Flooring

Distressed wood flooring is achieved by scratching the top layer to give the floor a battered and rustic appearance. Like hand scraping, this method hides signs of wear efficiently but results in a rugged texture.

Unfinished Wood Flooring

Unfinished wood flooring is installed without a finishing layer. After the flooring installation is complete, the owners take a look at the room and decide on the colour and finish they want. While this method is tricky because the floor stays a while without any protection, it’s more versatile in terms of style.

Which Type of Wood Flooring Is Best?

As you’ve seen, wood flooring is available in many types and patterns, making it a joker of all trades in the renovation business. However, each type of wood flooring is best suited for a specific purpose, as you’ll find out in this section.

What Are the Best Types of Wood Flooring for the Kitchen?

Hardwood types are better for kitchens than softwood because they’re more resistant to water damage and scratches. The best and most resilient options out there are oak, maple, and ash.

What Are the Best Types of Wood Flooring for the Living Room?

Oak floors are the best option for living rooms because they combine style and durability. Generally, hard floors are best suited for high-traffic areas because they show signs of wear slower.

What Are the Best Types of Wood Flooring for the Bedroom?

Bedrooms are mid-traffic rooms, making softwood floors a perfect option. You can go with bamboo or pine floors if you’re looking for a budget-friendly choice. Meanwhile, mahogany and walnut are ideal options if you don’t mind their high prices.

What Are the Best Types of Wood Flooring for the Bathroom?

Wood effect tiles are the best option for bathrooms because they’re made of porcelain, which is waterproof. Natural wood won’t stand a chance against the constant dampness, making synthetic materials a must.

What Are the Best Types of Wood Flooring for Dogs?

Maple floors are an ideal choice for houses with dogs because they’re extremely durable and resistant to signs of wear. However, it’s still recommended you keep your dog’s nails short if you have natural wood floors.

What Are the Best Types of Wood Flooring for Children?

Hard types of wood like oak, walnut, maple, and hickory are ideal for you if you have children. They’re comfortable underfoot and absorb impacts well. Also, they don’t show signs of wear easily.

What Are the Best Types of Wood Flooring for Wet or Damp Environments?

Engineered wood flooring is a wise choice for wet environments because it’s partially made from synthetic materials. It combines the elegance of natural wood with the water resistance of synthetics, giving you the best of both worlds.

What Type of Wood Flooring Is Cheapest?

Bamboo and pine wood floors are among the cheapest on the market because of the abundance of their source plants. They’re both an ideal option for limited budgets.

What Type of Wood Flooring Is Most Expensive?

Walnut, teak, and mahogany are among the priciest wood flooring types on the market. Also, as a rule of thumb, solid wood floors cost more than engineered floors because they’re made solely of natural materials.

What Type of Wood Flooring Is Most Durable?

Solid hardwood floors like hickory and walnut are the most durable options on the market. They’re your best bet if you want your floors to last years without showing signs of wear.

Engineered vs. Solid Wood Flooring

The choice between engineered and solid wood depends on your needs and budget. Solid wood is the better choice for high-traffic areas because it’s more durable and scratch-resistant. However, it’s pricey. Meanwhile, engineered wood is more affordable but better suited for low to mid-traffic areas.

Laminate vs. Engineered Hardwood

If you prioritise style and longevity, then engineered hardwood floors are the best choice for you, given that they resemble natural wood and can last up to 100 years. However, if you have a limited budget and prioritise practicality, you can go with laminate, which is more resistant to wear. In the end, the choice depends on your needs.

To Wrap Up

Wood floors have an unbeatable charm in the renovation industry. They come in a myriad of designs and patterns to satisfy every taste. On top of that, they’re suitable for a wide range of applications. If you’re having a hard time choosing the right wood flooring for your property, our guide will lead you to the best fit according to your needs!

Also, if you’re renovating your floors and want professional help, set up a free consultation with us today!

chevron-down-circle