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Wood flooring refinishing is not just a maintenance tactic, but a transformative improvement. In this concise guide, we explore the many advantages of rejuvenating your hardwood floors, including aesthetics and durability, and why this update is essential.

From addressing wear and tear to enhancing visual appeal and safeguarding its longevity, we'll also outline the meticulous refinishing process, discussing costs and whether to DIY or seek professionals.

Alternative solutions to refurbish tired planks will be compared, ensuring you have all the knowledge for an informed decision. Let's dive into the world of hardwood floor restoration and discover how to renew your space with this essential home investment.

What Is Wood Flooring Refinishing?

Wood flooring refinishing is a renewal technique that involves sanding away the top layer of hardwood floors to remove scratches and stains, then applying fresh stain and sealant to restore the floor's original beauty and protect it against future damage.

After the initial sanding, any remaining imperfections are smoothed out, ensuring a uniform surface. 

The next step allows for customisation: staining. Homeowners can choose to either maintain the natural hue of the wood or alter it to a new shade that complements updated interior design themes.

Once the desired colour is achieved, several layers of sealant are applied. These sealants vary from polyurethane, which offers a hard-wearing coat with various sheen options, to oil-based finishes that penetrate deeper into the wood for enhanced protection.

The result of wood flooring refinishing is not only a pristine surface but also one that's fortified against additional wear. This process effectively extends the life of the floor by adding layers of resistance to the wood while reviving its aesthetic appeal. It's a smart investment for those looking to rejuvenate their hardwood floors without the significant expense and inconvenience of complete replacement.

What Are The Benefits Of Wood Flooring Refinishing?

Refinishing wood flooring enhances durability, revitalises its appearance, increases home value, and is a cost-effective alternative to floor replacement, while also allowing customisation and providing environmental benefits through the preservation of existing materials.

Why Would You Want Wood Flooring Refinishing?

Refinishing hardwood floors is a savvy solution for homeowners keen on upgrading their interiors. But why? Let’s look at some of the incentives for undertaking a wood floor overhaul.

Renew Worn Wood

Refinishing breathes new life into worn wood, eradicating years of use, and revealing a fresh, untouched surface underneath that’s ready for years more of family life and foot traffic.

Protect for Longevity

Applying a new finish serves as a protective shield for your timber floors, safeguarding against future wear and tear and maintaining structural integrity for a prolonged lifespan.

Enhance Appearance

A refinish can dramatically transform a room by enhancing the natural beauty of the wood, bringing out the richness of the grain and giving your entire space a facelift.

Repair Scratches & Stains

Refinishing effectively removes unsightly blemishes such as scratches and stains, restoring the wood’s surface to a pristine, like-new state, free from visual imperfections.

Change Colour If Desired

Opting to refinish gives you the flexibility to change the colour of your wood floors, allowing you to adapt to new design trends or personal preference shifts without replacing the flooring.

Increase Resale Value

Polished and well-maintained wooden floors can significantly elevate the market appeal of your home, potentially increasing resale value by presenting a move-in-ready surface to prospective buyers.

Cost-effective Option

Refinishing your existing wood floors is often more affordable than a full replacement, providing a budget-friendly way to achieve a high-end look and feel.

Sustainable Practice

Choosing to refinish rather than replace reduces waste and resource consumption, supporting environmental sustainability by preserving the existing material.

Fix Water Damage

Refinishing can rectify the effects of water damage, removing stains and warps in the timbers to restore the floor’s original flat, smooth surface and prevent further deterioration.

What Is The Process Of Wood Flooring Refinishing?

Embarking on the journey to restore your wooden flooring involves a meticulous, multi-step procedure designed to revitalise your wooden surfaces. Let's walk you through the stages of the hardwood floor refinishing process, from initial prep work to the final polish.


Preparation is the critical first step involving cleaning and clearing the area before refinishing begins.

  1. Remove furniture and rugs from the room.
  2. Clean the floor of any dirt or debris.
  3. Ensure the workspace is well-ventilated.
  4. Patch any cracks or holes in the flooring.
  5. Tape off baseboards and vents to prevent dust infiltration.


Sanding strips the old finish and smoothens the wood surface.

  1. Begin with coarse-grit sandpaper.
  2. Progress to medium-grit sandpaper.
  3. Finish with fine-grit sandpaper for a smooth texture.
  4. Use hand-held sanders for hard-to-reach areas.


Edging addresses the areas that the larger sanders can't reach, along the room's perimeter.

  1. Use an edge sander around the room's perimeter.
  2. Blend the edge work into the main floor area.

Vacuuming and Tack Cloth

Vacuuming and tack cloth use ensure removal of all dust and debris post-sanding.

  1. Thoroughly vacuum the floor and surrounding areas.
  2. Wipe the floor with a tack cloth to pick up residual dust.

Staining (Optional)

Staining is an optional step to add colour or enhance the natural wood grain.

  1. Apply chosen stain evenly to the wood.
  2. Wipe off excess stains.
  3. Allow the stain to dry completely.


Sealing protects the wood and gives it a finished look.

  1. Apply the first coat of sealant or finish.
  2. Sand lightly after the first coat dries.
  3. Apply subsequent coats as necessary.


Drying is the phase where the sealant or finish must harden enough for light use. Allow the floor to dry as per the sealant’s specified time.


Curing is the complete hardening of the finish, ensuring it achieves full durability.

  1. Avoid heavy furniture placement for the specified curing time.
  2. Keep foot traffic to a minimum during this period.

Final Touches

Before wrapping up, it’s good to inspect and perfect the floor's appearance.

  1. Inspect the floor for any missed spots or imperfections.
  2. Apply touch-ups if necessary.
  3. Remove all tape and protective coverings.


Cleanup involves returning the space to its usable state post-refinishing.

  1. Vacuum and clean the area again to remove any remaining dust.
  2. Move furniture and rugs back into the room.
  3. Dispose of all waste materials appropriately.

What Is The Cost Of Wood Flooring Refinishing?

The cost of wood flooring refinishing typically ranges from £5 to £30 per square meter. However, several factors can influence this price range, resulting in variations that could affect the final cost.

Price variations can be attributed to the following:

  1. Size of the Area: Larger areas generally reduce the cost per square metre due to economies of scale.
  2. Condition of the Floor: Floors with extensive damage, such as deep scratches, warping, or water damage, may require more intensive labour, which can increase the cost.
  3. Type of Finishing Products Used: High-end sealants, stains, and finishes often come with a higher price tag.
  4. Complexity of the Job: Features like intricate patterns, tight corners, or stairs can make the job more complex and time-consuming.
  5. Geographical Location: Prices can differ based on where in the UK the property is located, with higher costs often found in London and the Southeast.
  6. Labour Costs: Rates can vary significantly depending on the professionals hired and whether the business is a large company or an independent contractor.
  7. Additional Services: Tasks such as moving furniture, removing old flooring, and repairing significant damage can add to the overall cost.

We recommend you to get multiple quotes from different service providers to understand the potential cost for your specific project.

Additionally, some professionals offer a complete cost on a per-job basis rather than per square metre, which can sometimes provide better value, especially for smaller or more complex jobs.

Should You DIY Or Ask For Professional Help?

No, in most cases, it’s better to get professional help for such a job rather than doing it yourself, as you could find some budget-friendly options that can save you plenty of time and effort while ensuring a high-quality finish.

But of course, this also comes down to your exact situation, your budget, and how much work you’re willing to do. Here are the ups and downs of each option.

Wood flooring refinishing benefits process cost

DIY Refinishing

Saves money on labour costsRequires a significant time investment
Full control over the project timelinePotential for mistakes that can be costly to fix
Ability to work at your own paceMight need to rent or buy the necessary equipment
Physical labour can be intensive

Professional Refinishing

Expertise and experience ensure high-quality resultsMore expensive due to labour costs
Professional-grade equipment for a uniform and durable finishScheduling might not be as flexible, depending on availability
Saves time and effort; the job is completed more quicklyYou have less control over the process
Professionals can spot and address unexpected issues during the process

Are There Other Options to Fix Old or Worn Wood Flooring?

Yes, there are other methods to rejuvenate old or worn wood floors. This section will explore alternatives to refinishing, including resealing, refurbishing, restoring, and sanding, providing insights into the best solutions for various flooring issues.

Refinish vs Reseal

Resealing involves applying a new topcoat to existing finished floors without sanding down to the wood.

Resealing is best suited for floors that are still in good condition but need a fresh protective layer. It's less labour-intensive than refinishing and can often be done as a DIY project. However, it won't fix deep scratches or other significant damage – for that, full refinishing is needed.

Refinish vs Refurbish

Refurbishing typically refers to light cleaning and adding a new topcoat, often without sanding.

This process is ideal for floors with minimal wear. It refreshes the floor's look and adds a layer of protection but doesn't address deeper blemishes or wear patterns that might be present, which refinishing would resolve.

Refinish vs Restore

Restoration is repairing and returning a floor to its original condition, which may include refinishing.

Floor restoration can encompass a variety of repairs, such as fixing boards or addressing water damage, and often concludes with refinishing. It's a comprehensive approach for floors with extensive damage that require more than just aesthetic attention.

Refinish vs Sanding

Sanding is just one component of the refinishing process, where the floor's surface is smoothed.

Sanding alone removes the old finish and evens out the surface but doesn't provide the protective sealant that refinishing does. It's a preparatory step that needs to be followed by staining and sealing to complete the restoration of the floor's appearance and durability.

Refinish vs Buying New Flooring

Choosing to install new flooring is often considered when refinishing is no longer viable due to extreme damage or when a completely different look or type of flooring is desired.

While it offers the opportunity to entirely transform a space, it's typically the most costly and disruptive option, requiring significant time for installation and acclimatisation.

Refinishing, on the other hand, retains the original wood while updating its appearance and is generally more cost-effective and less wasteful.


Wood flooring refinishing is an effective way to revive your home's aesthetic, enhance the longevity of your floors, and potentially increase your property's value.

We've explored the reasons to consider refinishing, such as renewing worn wood, repairing damage, and embracing sustainability. The process, detailed in steps from preparation to cleanup, while cost-effective, varies based on several factors such as the floor's condition and labour expenses.

Ready to restore your floor's former glory? Take action now — consult with professional floor refinishers to discuss your options and begin your journey toward a renewed living space.