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If you’re a homeowner or business owner with a penchant for the natural, timeless appeal of wood flooring, the subject of maintaining it might interest you. In this guide, we will delve into maintaining wood flooring to keep the shine and longevity of your wood floors, ensuring they remain a worthwhile investment for years to come.

We’ll explore the simplicity or complexity of maintaining wood flooring, the differing maintenance requirements based on the type, cleaning methods, suitable cleaners, recommended treatments, and the role of repairs in upkeep. We will also provide an idea of the costs involved. 

Is Wood Flooring Easy To Maintain?

Yes, maintaining wood flooring is typically straightforward when equipped with the proper knowledge and tools. However, it’s important to remember that the ease of maintenance can significantly depend on the type of wood flooring installed in your home or office.

Do Different Types of Wood Flooring Require Different Maintenance?

Yes, different types of wood flooring require specific care and maintenance routines. Understanding the unique needs of each flooring type can extend its lifespan and maintain its aesthetic appeal. 

We will examine the different types of wood flooring below:

Solid Wood Flooring

Solid wood flooring is a true classic, comprising single timber cut into planks. This type of flooring is admired for its longevity and ability to be refinished multiple times.

Engineered Wood Flooring 

Engineered wood flooring is a popular choice, known for its layering structure. It consists of a top layer of real wood supported by less expensive, high-quality ply layers. 

Laminated Wood Flooring

Laminated wood flooring is a cost-effective alternative that simulates the appearance of real wood. It consists of a high-resolution image of wood placed over a core board. 

How Do You Clean Wood Flooring?

Cleaning wood flooring involves a series of steps to keep the floor spotless and in pristine condition. 

The following checklist offers a straightforward guideline for cleaning wood flooring:

☐ Use a soft-bristled broom or vacuum with a soft brush attachment, a microfiber mop, and a soft, dry cloth for wiping.
☐ Use a cleaner specifically designed for wood floors.
☐ Remove small furniture, rugs, or other obstacles from the floor.
☐ Start from one corner, sweeping in the direction of the wood grain.
☐ Dampen your mop with a properly diluted cleaning solution, then mop from one corner of the room, working your way towards the exit.
☐ Immediately after mopping, dry your floor with a soft, dry cloth or towel.
☐ Ensure your mop and cloth are damp, not soaking wet.
☐ After wiping, check for any damp spots and wipe again if necessary.
☐ Regularly sweep and mop your floor, and wipe immediately after mopping.
☐ Harsh chemicals can damage your wood floor. Always use the appropriate tools and cleaning solutions.
Wood Flooring Maintenance Checklist

Let’s delve into each step and discover how to execute them effectively.

Sweep

Sweeping is an important initial step in maintaining your wood floors. It effectively removes dust, dirt, and loose debris that could otherwise scratch your flooring. While sweeping wooden floors, follow these steps carefully:

Mop

Mopping involves using a damp mop, not a wet one, to clean the flooring. This is done after sweeping to avoid scratches. Here is how to mop your wooden floors effectively and safely:

Wipe

Wiping is the final step in cleaning wooden flooring. It involves drying the floor after mopping to ensure no water is left on the wood surface, as leftover water can damage wood flooring over time. Follow these steps to dry your wooden floors properly:

What Cleaners To Use In Maintaining Wood Flooring?

Selecting the right cleaner is crucial in maintaining the beauty and extending the life span of wood flooring. These are the various cleaners you can use for your wooden floors:

1. Specialised Wood Floor Cleaners: These are cleaners formulated specifically for wood floors. They are gentle yet effective at removing dirt and grime without damaging the wood or leaving a residue. When choosing a wood floor cleaner, ensure it suits your type of wood flooring.

2. pH-Neutral Soap: Mild, pH-neutral soaps mixed with warm water can be a safe and effective cleaner for sealed wood floors. Avoid using acidic or alkaline cleaners, as they can dull or damage the finish.

3. White Vinegar and Water: A solution of half a cup of white vinegar to a gallon of lukewarm water is a popular homemade cleaner. However, it should be used sparingly, as overuse of vinegar can dull the finish over time.

4. Special Care for Oil Floors: If your wood floor has an oiled finish, using a soap designed explicitly for oiled wood floors can help preserve the oil finish and enhance the wood’s natural beauty.

5. Avoid Steam Cleaners and Wet Mops: Steam cleaners and wet mops should never be used on wooden floors as they can damage the finish and warp the wood.

Wood Floor Cleaners

Wood Floor Cleaners are specifically formulated cleaning products designed to clean wood floors safely and effectively. They come in various types, including sprays, concentrates, and ready-to-use formulas.

The pros and cons of using these cleaners include:

Pros:

Cons:

Wood flooring care and maintenance tips for solid, engineered, and laminated wood floors. Best treatments and cleaners for wood floor care.

What Are The Best Treatments For Maintaining Wood Flooring?

Wood flooring treatments vary based on the type of wood flooring and specific needs. A few popular treatments include:

Each of these treatments carries its unique set of advantages and drawbacks.

TreatmentProsCons
Regular Sweeping and MoppingPrevents build-up of dust and dirt. Easy to do and cost-effective. Extends the life of the floor.Can miss some embedded dirt and grime. Sweeping can cause scratches if not done with a soft-bristled broom.
Specialised Wood Floor CleanersFormulated specifically for wood floors. Safely clean without damaging the finish.Some may contain chemicals that some people prefer to avoid.
Periodic Professional Deep CleaningThorough cleaning that can remove embedded dirt and grime. Can reach hard-to-clean areas.Can be costly. May require scheduling and availability.
Applying Suitable Wood Floor FinishesProtects the flooring and enhances its appearance. Can help resist scratches and stains.Requires expertise to apply properly. Some finishes may emit volatile organic compounds (VOCs).
Timely Repairs and RefinishingPrevents further damage and maintains the integrity and appearance of the flooring. Can fix scratches, dents, and stains.Can be expensive depending on the extent of the repair. Requires expertise to perform properly.

How Does Repairing Wooden Flooring Help In Maintaining Wood Flooring?

Repairing wood flooring is a crucial aspect of its maintenance. It restores the floor’s aesthetic appeal and extends its lifespan. Small repairs, such as fixing minor scratches, and large ones, like board replacement, can prevent further damage and maintain the integrity of the flooring. 

How Do You Refinish Wood Flooring?

Refinishing wood flooring involves removing the existing floor finish, sanding the surface to smooth out any scratches or discolourations, and then applying a new finish. This process rejuvenates your wood flooring, allowing it to regain its original lustre and charm.

These steps should help you get started: 

1. Clear the Room: Remove all furniture, rugs, and other items from the room.

2. Clean the Floor: Thoroughly clean the floor to remove dust and debris. Ensure the floor is completely dry before moving to the next step.

3. Sand the Floor: Use a sander to remove the old finish and smooth any scratches or discolourations. Start with coarse-grit sandpaper and move to finer grits for a smooth finish.

4. Clean Again: Vacuum or wipe away the dust created by sanding. This vital step ensures dust doesn’t get trapped beneath the new finish.

5. Apply the Stain (Optional): If you wish to change the colour of your floor, apply a wood stain evenly, following the direction of the wood grain. Allow it to dry completely.

6. Apply the Finish: Using a brush or roller, apply a thin layer of wood finish, again following the direction of the grain. Allow it to dry according to the manufacturer’s instructions.

7. Add Additional Coats (If necessary): Depending on the type of finish used and the desired look, you may need to apply additional coats. Always ensure the previous coat is completely dry before adding another.

8. Let the Floor Cure: Let the finished floor cure for a few days before moving furniture back into the room.

This process can be quite labour-intensive and requires expertise, so many people hire professionals to refinish their wood floors.

What Is The Cost Of Maintaining Wood Flooring?

The cost of maintaining wood flooring can fluctuate based on the type of wood, the space size, and the specific maintenance tasks being conducted. Here are some average costs in the UK:

These approximate costs can vary based on various factors, including your geographical location and the specific condition of your flooring. 

Conclusion

Maintaining your wood flooring need not be a daunting task. With the knowledge you’ve gained from this guide, you should now be equipped to effectively handle the care and maintenance of your wood flooring. 

But remember, the key to the longevity of your wood flooring lies in regular maintenance and prompt repairs. Ensure that you treat your flooring with the care it deserves, and it will reward you with enduring beauty and durability. 
Do you need professional help in maintaining your wood flooring? Don’t hesitate to contact us at The Ultimate Flooring, your trusted partner in all things relating to wood flooring.

With its rich patina and timeless elegance, wood flooring never goes out of style. It can elevate any décor and add a lot of character and value to your home with its natural warmth and classic beauty. 

Wood flooring is sturdy and long-lasting if maintained properly, lasting up to 100 years or more. And even though it can be scratched, the scratches can add a touch of antique charm, especially as the wood ages. 

In this comprehensive guide, we’ll discuss everything you need to know about the wood flooring installation process, from its main steps to whether or not it’s DIY-friendly.

1. Choosing Your Flooring

First order of business, you need to choose the right type of wood flooring for your project. There are several factors to consider here as indicated below. 

  1. Type of Wood

Solid hardwood, engineered wood, and laminate floors each have their pros and cons. Solid hardwood is the way to go for maximum longevity, whereas engineered wood is perfect for dimensional stability, especially with radiant heat or concrete subfloor installations. If you’re on a tight budget, laminate floors are a good option. 

  1. Width of Floorboards

Deciding on the width of the floorboards will boil down to aesthetic preferences. Wide-plank floors, around 125mm to 200mm, offer a dramatic and rustic look, but they’re more costly than traditional floors (70mm to 100mm).

  1. Quality Grade

Higher grades of wood have a uniform, almost flawless appearance but come with a high price tag. Lower grades tend to have knots and visible character marks. Choose the grade that suits your budget and desired look. 

  1. Colour and Finish

Do you want your flooring to be light (e.g., natural oak) or dark (e.g., walnut)? Also, do you want a glossy finish that offers shine and depth or a matte/satin finish with a more subtle lustre? 

Along with the above-listed factors, which relate mainly to the characteristics of wood, there are non-wood-related factors that should influence your choice of flooring, namely: 

Living rooms and bedrooms allow more flexibility in flooring choices compared to high-moisture areas like bathrooms and kitchens. Solid hardwood and engineered wood are suitable for most rooms, while LVT and laminate are suited for kitchens and bathrooms. 

For smaller rooms, we highly recommend going with wide-plank floors. Narrow-plank floors can make small rooms feel cramped, while wide planks will make them look more commodious. 

Wide-plank, matte-finish floors are best suited for contemporary spaces. For traditional homes, glossy-finish classic oak, maple, or cherry floors are a good fit. For more rustic styles, opt for distressed or hand-scraped wood. 

Houses with kids or pets may warrant more scratch-resistant wood finishes. As for houses in humid climates, they should opt for wood varieties that offer high dimensional stability, like red oak and ash. 

The amount of natural and artificial lighting can affect how a wood floor looks. For example, darker stains typically show more detail in bright light. 

2. Measuring Up

The next step in a typical wood flooring installation involves taking measurements to calculate how much flooring you need and a rough estimate of the cost. 

  1. Calculate the Square Meterage 

Using a tape measure or a laser distance measurer, measure the length and width of each room you’re looking to refloor. We recommend taking measurements in multiple spots as most rooms aren’t perfectly rectangular. You then multiply the average length by the average width to get the square meterage. 

Example: If the room’s length is 6m and the width is 4m, the square meterage would be 24m². For irregular rooms, check out this video tutorial

  1. Account for Cutting Waste

The figure you calculated in the previous step isn’t the final figure. You still need to account for cutting waste and defects. To do so, add 5-10% to the square meterage. If you’re working with parquets as opposed to planks, you should add 12-15%. 

  1. Figure Out Flooring Direction

Perpendicular flooring draws the eye from side to side across a room. This has the effect of making a room appear larger. Parallel flooring draws the eye ahead in the direction of entryways or windows. It helps add depth to smaller spaces. The latter is the more traditional choice for most installations. 

To figure out how much flooring you need, calculate the square meterage, add the 5-15% cutting waste factor, and then multiply the result by the width of the flooring board to get a linear value. 

Here’s an example:

  1. Room is 5 metres in length and 4 metres in width = 20 square metres.
  2. 10% cutting waste factor = 2 additional square metres.
  3. Total adjusted square meterage is 22 square metres.
  4. Assume the flooring boards are 20cm wide = 0.2m.
  5. Multiply total square meterage (22) by board width (0.2) = 4.4 linear metres. 

So, to cover a room that measures 20 square metres using 20cm-wide boards with a 10% waste factor, you would need to purchase approximately 4.4 linear metres of flooring. 

To calculate the cost of your purchase, simply multiply the number of linear metres by the price per linear metre. If the price per linear metre is £50, for instance, you would spend £220 for 4.4 linear metres. 

Note: If the flooring is sold by the square metre, simply multiply the total adjusted square meterage—22 square metres in the example above—by the cost per square metre. 

3. Selecting Tools

Now that you’ve purchased enough flooring material for your project, it’s time to gather the tools necessary for the installation. Some of the tools listed below will already be in your toolbox.

  1. Tape Measure

You should already have a tape measure if you’ve carried out the previous step. You use it, along with a carpenter’s square and some chalk, to measure and mark straight lines during the installation. 

  1. Dust Mask

When using power tools on wood, dust particles are going to fly everywhere. You definitely wouldn’t want to inhale that dust, so be sure to have a dust mask handy. Ear protection is also recommended. 

  1. Table/Miter Saw

You’ll need a table saw or mitre saw to cut wood planks to size and mitre their edges. We’d recommend getting a sliding mitre saw for wide cross-cuts. 

  1. Jamb Saw

This is a specialised hand saw that’s used to undercut door jambs so that flooring can fit underneath them. This isn’t necessary, but it makes for a clean finish. 

  1. Flooring Nailer/Stapler

You’ll need a nailer or stapler to secure tongue-and-groove hardwood planks to the subfloor. Make sure to purchase nails/staples that are compatible with your flooring thickness. 

  1. Rubber Mallet

This is a soft hammer that you’ll use to tap the flooring together. Avoid using a hammer that has a metal head to prevent dents and damage. 

  1. Tapping Block and Pull Bar

You’ll use these tools with the rubber mallet to tap the wooden planks tightly together and pull them into place while avoiding damage. 

  1. Power Drill/Driver

You’ll use the power drill/drive to screw the flooring planks to the subfloor. We recommend having a selection of drill bits on hand for a smooth installation. 

  1. Moisture Metre

You’ll use this metre to test the moisture content of the subfloor and wooden planks before installation. Wagner and Lingomat are popular brand names to consider. 

  1. Pry Bar

Useful for removing existing floorboards and mouldings. We recommend getting one with a flattened end for easier floorboard/moulding removal.  

  1. Utility Knife

While not an essential tool, you may need it for trimming excess flooring and underlayment. Make sure to use fresh blades for clean cuts. 

  1. Wood Flooring Cleaner

Lastly, you’ll need a flooring cleaner to clean the finished floors after you’re done with the installation. Two of our favourite hardwood floor cleaner brands are Bona and Bruce. 

4. Subfloor Preparation

The subfloor is a building’s foundational floor. It’s typically made up of plywood or concrete. Subfloor preparation, as the name suggests, is the process of getting the subfloor ready for the new flooring materials (i.e., wood). 

There are several ways to prepare your subfloor for wood flooring, from making sure it’s level and in good condition to ensuring it’s clean and dry. 

A typical subfloor preparation involves ensuring that the subfloor is:

  1. Flat and level, using a straight edge or a spirit level. 
  2. Dry, using a moisture metre. 
  3. Clean, by sweeping and removing surface dirt, chemicals, and adhesives. 

5. Underlay or Glue

Underlayment is a material that’s installed between the subfloor and wood flooring to provide moisture protection and sound absorption. Glue or adhesives, on the other hand, are used to bond the wood flooring boards directly to the subfloor. 

If you’re having a hard time choosing between the two, consider their pros and cons:

MethodProsCons
Underlayment– Cushioning and isolation- Noise and echo reduction- Allows for floating floor installation– More expensive than adhesives- May also require adhesive for stability- Slightly increases floor height 
Adhesion– Strong bond to subflooring- Direct glue-down installation- No need for underlayment– Messy application process- Fumes require ventilation- The floors cannot be floated

Both application methods ensure a smooth and stable finished floor. Choosing between them will boil down to the specific type of flooring being installed and personal preference. 

Go for underlayment if you’re looking to create a buffer layer between the wood flooring and the subflooring. But if you’re looking for a direct attachment method, adhesion is your best bet. 

6. Laying Wood Flooring

After you’ve prepared your subflooring, settled on an application method, and determined the optimal direction for the flooring boards based on the size and shape of the space, it’s time to lay the wood flooring.

Here are the steps you need to follow:

  1. Remove Baseboards and Trim

You first need to pry off existing baseboards, door trim, and thresholds using the pry bar. Be careful not to damage the trim pieces as you’ll reinstall them later. Also, be sure not to damage the walls. 

  1. Lay the Starter Row

From a corner, start laying the first row of boards against the straightest wall in the room, with spacers placed against the walls to allow for expansion gaps. Make sure this starter row is as straight as possible, as this will affect the rest of the installation. 

  1. Stagger the End Joints

The end seams between the boards of each consecutive row should be staggered by at least 150 to 300mm. This ensures stability and prevents aligned seams, which could crack over time. 

  1. Use Fasteners

As you lay each board, use a stapler or nail gun to place fasteners every 100 to 150mm along the boards. You can also use temporary fixing cleats. 

  1. Secret Nail at the Tongue

Secret nailing is a technique where you nail through the tongue of the floorboard at an angle so that the nail heads are concealed once the adjoining board is installed. 

  1. Knock the Boards Into Place

Using the tapping block, gently knock the boards into place. Once again, you don’t want to use a hammer in this step as it can damage the surface of the boards. 

  1. Cut Final Row

Measure and cut the final row of boards to fit snugly against the wall while accounting for the spacer gaps. You may need to use the pry bar to manoeuvre into place. 

  1. Reinstall the Trim

Once you’re done with the steps above, simply renail all skirting boards, thresholds, and door trim to cover the expansion gaps along the walls and doors. 

7. Finishing Wooden Flooring

Finishing is the process of sanding, staining, and applying protective sealant to the wood flooring. If the flooring you bought is already sanded and stained, you’ll only need to apply a sealant. 

Here’s what this process entails:

  1. Sand the Flooring

Use a coarse to fine sandpaper to smoothen the surface of the flooring. You’ll need to vacuum after each sanding to keep the place free of wood particles. 

  1. Apply Stain

If desired, you can use water or oil-based stains to achieve the specific look you want. We recommend testing on samples first. We also recommend applying the stain along with, not against, the wood grain. 

  1. Seal the Floor

Next, you need to seal the floor so that moisture doesn’t seep in between the boards. You can use water-based polyurethane or moisture-cured urethane (for humid environments). 

  1. Apply Wax Finish

This step is optional, but waxing helps give you a classic, low-sheen look that’s quite appealing. We recommend it for low-traffic areas. 

Comprehensive wood flooring installation process in the UK - measuring, floor prep, tools, cost, maintenance. DIY guide for a perfect wooden floor transformation.

8. Maintaining Wood Flooring

Proper maintenance keeps your wooden floor in good condition and extends its beauty. Here are some tips on how to maintain your wooden floor after installation:

  1. Regular Sweeping and Vacuuming

Use a soft-bristle broom to sweep your wood flooring regularly. Also, use a hardwood-safe vacuum to get rid of dirt and debris that can scratch the wood. 

  1. Cleaning Spills Promptly

Any liquid spills should be wiped up as quickly as possible. If you let it linger long enough, it will stain and warp the wood. 

  1. Damp Mopping

If you’re used to mopping your floor every so often, you’ll want to tone it down a bit. And when it’s time to mop, be sure to use a damp, not wet, mop to avoid soaking the floors.

  1. Controlling Humidity

You can probably see the pattern here; water and wood flooring don’t mix! So you’ll want to keep the humidity level in your house between 40% and 60% to minimise expansion and contraction. 

  1. Using Felt Pads for Furniture

Attach felt pads to chair and table legs to prevent them from scratching and denting your hardwood floor. 

  1. Limiting Direct Sunlight

UV light can damage your wooden floor and cause it to fade. So be sure to use curtains, shades, or rugs to limit direct sunlight exposure. 

Please bear in mind that different types of wood flooring require different levels of maintenance. For instance, exotic wood that’s imported from tropical regions often requires more careful maintenance than domestic hardwoods. 

Generally speaking, darker, smoother wood floors show wear and tear more readily than lighter, wire-brushed floors. So the darker and smoother your floor, the more maintenance it’ll need. 

Do Different Styles and Patterns Require a Different Installation Process?

Yes, different flooring styles and patterns do require a slightly different installation process. For instance:

  1. Solid Hardwood

Basic installation; often nailed or stapled to the subfloor. It comes in simple patterns like parallel boards or squares. 

  1. Engineered Wood

Can accommodate more intricate design patterns like herringbone due to its dimensional stability. That said, the boards must be precisely cut and glued to the subfloor rather than nailed. 

  1. Exotic Woods

Brittleness and hardness may limit pattern options in certain exotic wood varieties. They’re often glued down to the subfloor as opposed to nailed or stapled. 

How Much Does It Cost to Install Wood Flooring?

The wood itself is going to cost anywhere from £20 to £100 per square metre, depending on the type of wood you choose. Add another £15 to £30 per square metre for the installation. 

Several factors affect the cost of wood flooring installation. Different patterns and finishes can be more expensive than others. You also have to account for factors like board width and wood grade. 

Here’s a brief explanation:

  1. Wood Species

Different wood species come at different prices as a result of their varying availability and durability. As an example, pine costs considerably less than walnut because it’s not as resistant to damage. 

  1. Pattern/Design

Certain patterns and designs are more intricate and elaborate than others, requiring more skill and time from your contractor to install. 

  1. Finish

Traditional finishes like oil and wax are more affordable than more modern finishes like lacquer and varnish.

  1. Board Width

Narrow plank widths (70mm to 100mm) often cost less than wider planks (125mm to 200mm). 

  1. Wood Grade

The higher the wood grade, as in the fewer knots and defects it has, the more it costs. 

How Long Does It Take to Install Wood Flooring?

Wood flooring installation for an average-sized room takes 2-5 days. If you’re flooring an entire house, the process can take 1-2 weeks. 

The time it takes to complete a wood flooring installation varies based on a range of factors, the biggest of which is room size. Flooring larger rooms or multiple rooms will need more total labour hours to complete. 

Other factors that affect installation time include:

Do You Need to Hire a Professional for Wood Flooring Installation?

No, you don’t need to hire a professional for wood flooring installation. However, unless you have experience with flooring projects, hiring a professional would be advisable. 

Pros of hiring a professional:

Cons of hiring a professional:

Can You Fit Wood Flooring Yourself?

You can, but unless you have enough DIY flooring experience, we wouldn’t recommend it. It’s a difficult project that requires a great deal of experience. 

Pros of DIY wood flooring:

Cons of DIY wood flooring:

Can You Install Wood Flooring Over Your Existing Flooring?

Yes, but it depends on the type of existing flooring you have. You can install wood over concrete, tile, sheet vinyl, OSB, and plywood. You shouldn’t install it over carpet, cushioned vinyl, or floating floors. 

Does Wood Flooring Need Acclimation Before Installation?

Yes, wood needs to acclimate for 3-5 days in the room in which it will be installed. This is to allow the boards to adjust the room’s temperature and humidity. 

What Are Some Common Problems When Laying Wood Flooring?

Some of the most common problems when laying wood flooring include:

What Is the Process for Installing Laminate Flooring?

Here are the steps to installing laminate flooring:

  1. Make sure the subfloor is clean and level
  2. Cut the planks to fit room size
  3. Lay foam underlayment
  4. Leave an expansion gap of around 10-15mm
  5. Stagger the end joints of the planks
  6. Lock the planks together on their ends and sides
  7. Use spacer wedges for proper alignment
  8. Seal the seams (you can use silicone caulk)

What Is the Process of Installing Vinyl Flooring?

Here are the steps to installing vinyl flooring:

  1. Clean and level the subfloor
  2. Cut the planks to fit room size
  3. Lay a thin foam underlayment
  4. Place the planks with the tongue side facing the wall
  5. Lock the planks together on their ends and sides
  6. Heat the seams using a heat gun
  7. Install trim moulding over the edges

Wrap-Up

Wood flooring adds a timeless and natural beauty to any space. It’s versatile, durable, and easy to maintain, not to mention that it increases your property’s value!

While it’s possible to DIY a wood flooring project, it’s not recommended. If you don’t have enough experience, you’ll run into a host of problems that will eventually lead to poor results. For professional wood flooring installation in the UK, get in touch with us.

From the faded tones of ash and oak to the rich darkness of mahogany and teak, wood flooring leaves little to be desired when it comes to style. The texture, grainy pattern, and colour of the floor combine to give you an elegant masterpiece that speaks luxury.

In addition to styles, wood flooring comes in endless patterns, finishes, and species, which is a mixed blessing. While you’re guaranteed to land a floor suitable for your needs, you’ll have a challenging time finding it amidst the vast options. And that’s why we’re here!

We’ll go through the different types of wood flooring for your property, sparing no effort to give you all the information you need. By the time we’re done, you’ll have a perfect idea about the wood flooring type, pattern, species, and finish your property needs, so keep on reading!

Engineered

Engineered wood flooring combines a thin hardwood layer with one or more plywood layers. The combination of natural and synthetic materials gives you the best of both worlds. You get the boosted durability of plywood and the natural charm of hardwood. On top of that, engineered wood floors come in every shape and style, making them suitable for all types of properties.

Pros:

Cons:

Solid

Solid wood flooring is made from hardwood species only, without the incorporation of any synthetics. Because of this, it’s stronger than engineered wood and can be refinished multiple times. It’s also resistant to signs of wear, making it ideal for high-traffic properties. However, given its hefty price, it’s rarely seen in commercial and industrial places.

Pros:

Cons:

Parquet

Parquet wood flooring is made from hardwood and arranged in a characteristic geometric mosaic pattern. It flaunts a timeless design that has put it at the top of the flooring industry for years. From managerial offices and lavish commercial settings to elegant residential places, parquet has endless applications. Its only drawback is its expensive price.

Pros:

Cons:

Laminate

Laminate flooring isn’t made of wood; instead, it’s made of a combination of resin, wood, fibreboard, and a design layer. It resembles the grainy appearance of wood, letting homeowners enjoy the charming look and feel of the natural material without paying high prices for it. Better yet, it’s highly versatile and suitable for industrial, commercial, and residential properties.

Pros:

Cons:

Vinyl

Vinyl flooring’s selling point is that it combines the natural appearance of wood and the favourable qualities of synthetic materials. It’s mostly made from PVC, along with other synthetics, to boost its durability and resistance. Because of its features and affordable prices, it’s ideal for high-traffic commercial and residential properties.

Pros:

Cons:

Reclaimed

Reclaimed wood is made from centuries-old wooden structures, giving it a historic charm and rustic appearance like no other type of flooring. Given its recycled nature, it’s an eco-conscious choice, ideal for environmental enthusiasts. It fits like a puzzle in countryside houses and cabins because of its battered look.

Pros:

Cons:

Wood Effect Tiles

Wood effect tiles are manufactured from porcelain but are made to resemble natural wood. They sport unprecedented durability as they’re resistant to scratches, dents, and wear signs. Also, they’re easier to clean and maintain than natural wood because they’re waterproof. Wood effect tiles are most suitable for high-traffic damp rooms, but they don’t boost resale value.

Pros:

Cons:

What Are the Different Types of Wood Flooring Patterns?

Wood flooring comes in a myriad of patterns and styles that evoke luxurious and cosy feelings. Here’s a roundup of the most famous ones and their intended use.

Herringbone

Herringbone is a sophisticated geometrical pattern, most famously associated with parquet floors. It consists of diagonally laid wood tiles that connect to make a ‘V’ shape. Sometimes, the tiles are coloured in different shades to give the floor a rich, standout style. Because of herringbone’s uncontested elegance, it’s meant for classical residential settings.

Chevron

Chevron is another famous parquet pattern that consists of diagonally laid wood tiles. However, unlike the puzzle-like appearance of herringbone, the tiles are connected seamlessly without interlocking. From a birds-eye view, it looks more neat than herringbone but lacks its charming and classical character. That’s why it’s best left for modern settings.

Mixed

Mixed wood floors consist of equally sized wood squares framing narrow tiles that are either laid horizontally or diagonally. They’re a modernised version of herringbone and chevron, making them ideal for contemporary residential interiors.

Horizontal or Diagonal

The most basic wood flooring patterns are horizontal and diagonal. The first one consists of wood planks laid parallel to two walls. Meanwhile, the diagonal pattern consists of planks laid at an angle. It’s pricier to install than the horizontal pattern because wood planks have to be cut to fit the awkward angles. Both are suitable for endless properties because of their simple designs.

What Are the Types of Wood Flooring Cut Patterns?

Wooden logs are cut at specific angles to produce the unique grainy patterns that you see atop wood floors. The four cutting patterns are plain-sawn, quarter-sawn, rift-sawn, and live-sawn.

Plain/Flat-Sawn

The plain-sawn method consists of cutting the log from outside towards its centre, producing tall parallel planks. Once the centre of the log becomes visible, the woodcutter turns it at a 90-degree angle and starts cutting again till all four sides of the log are cut. The resulting planks spot a cathedral-grainy pattern and are affordable because of the easy cutting method.

Quarter-Sawn

In this cut, the woodcutter quarters the wood log into four equally sized pieces. Then, they cut each quarter into parallel planks, starting from the outer side and working their way to the centre. This cutting method results in visible growth rings atop each plank, which makes for a unique appearance. Because it’s more challenging than plain-sawn, it’s slightly less affordable.

Rift-Sawn

The rift-sawn method is similar to the quarter-sawn, only the woodcutter cuts planks from the centre towards the outer side, not the other way around. The growth rings also show clearly on the planks. Rift sawing results in a lot of wasted wood, so it costs more than other cutting methods.

Live-Sawn

Live sawing is the most straightforward wood-cutting method. The cutter cuts the log horizontally into planks without turning it at any angle. Some planks show the tree’s growth rings clearly at various angles, resulting in unique and rustic patterns.

What Are the Types of Wood Flooring Species?

The species of the tree where the wood is taken dictates the floor’s colour, durability, and price. Here’s a detailed roundup of the most famous wood flooring species and their favourable qualities.

Oak Flooring

Oak flooring sports light golden hues and a dense grain appearance that boosts its resistance to wear. It’s highly affordable because of the wide abundance of oak trees, and you can find it almost anywhere in the world. Given its stylish nature and durability, it’s a famous option in high-traffic residential rooms.

Ash Flooring

Ash flooring comes in light grey hues and is extremely dense, giving it unprecedented durability and resilience. It absorbs noise better than many types of wood, making it perfect for loud commercial settings like shops and offices. Best of all, it’s as affordable as oak flooring.

Walnut Flooring

Walnut flooring is best known for its rich, chocolatey shades and polished appearance that screams luxury. It’s slightly pricier than average and can be refinished multiple times to change its look. While it’s durable enough for high-traffic areas, it’s prone to scratches. That’s why it’s a better fit for houses with no pets.

Maple Flooring

Maple flooring features pale sandy tones that go perfectly in contemporary interiors. It has one of the densest wood structures in the world, giving it uncontested strength. That’s why it’s common to see it in bowling alleys and high-traffic places. Better yet, these favourable qualities don’t come at a high price, as maple is reasonably affordable.

Hickory Flooring

Hickory flooring combines light sandy tones, reddish hues, and knotty grains to give you an art piece. In addition to its characteristic appearance, it’s decently durable and resistant to wear signs. For these reasons, it’s a smart option for mid to high-traffic residential properties.

Mahogany Flooring

Mahogany flooring is famous for its rich, dark appearance and luxurious feel. It gets darker with age and is favoured in classical residential settings because of its sophisticated aura. However, its best quality is strong resistance to water damage because of its pocketless structure.

Teak Flooring

Teak flooring has the ‘basic wood’ look with golden brown shades and a grainy texture. It’s most famously used in modern and classic residential interiors because of its durability. One of its finest qualities is that it naturally repels insects and termites. However, it comes at a high price, as teak is one of the priciest types of wood on the market.

Pine Flooring

Pine flooring features a stylish casual appearance, complemented by golden brown streaks and occasional dark spots. It’s made from softwood, making it comfortable underfoot but prone to scratches and dents. Its selling point is the highly affordable price and versatility. As long as you place it in low or mid-traffic places, you can put it on any property you want.

Cork Flooring

Cork flooring has a characteristic textured appearance that doesn’t look as grainy as other wood types. It’s a famous choice for kitchens because of its resistance to water and fire. Another favourable quality it holds is its excellent absorbance of shocks and noise. However, it’s pricier than most of the other types.

Bamboo Flooring

Bamboo flooring is made from grass, but it sports a woodsy appearance and a rich brown colour. It’s famous in houses because of its high durability and resistance to insects. Also, it can be restyled by removing its finish and applying another one. While it’s resistant to scratches and dents, it’s prone to UV damage if exposed to sunlight for too long.

What Are the Types of Wood Flooring Finishes?

Most wood floors require a finishing layer for enhanced protection against scratches and wear signs. Luckily, the market doesn’t lack wood flooring finishes. Here’s a rundown of the most common ones.

Natural-Oiled Wood Flooring

Natural-oiled wood flooring is covered with a layer of air-dried matt oil to enhance its resistance to scratches. It doesn’t do much to protect against UV damage, unlike other finishes. However, it’s a favourite for many because it preserves the polished, grainy appearance of wood.

UV-Oiled Wood Flooring

UV-oiled wood flooring is covered with the same material as natural-oiled. But the oil is treated with UV light, hardening it and improving its resistance and durability. This finish results in a matte look, concealing the natural shine of the wood.

Brushed and Oiled Wood Flooring

Brushed and oiled wood flooring has the same protection level as UV-oiled. However, the brushing involved preserves the natural grainy texture of wood without polishing it. Because of this, it’s common in rustic settings.

Lacquered Wood Flooring

Lacquered wood flooring is protected by a matte or satin layer that keeps UV damage and darkened spots at bay. It’s also resistant to scratches and signs of wear, making it ideal for high-traffic areas.

Hand-Scraped Wood Flooring

After its name, hand-scraped wood flooring is scraped manually, plank by plank. This unique method conceals any existent scratches and dents and boosts the floor’s resistance to wear signs. However, it has a rough texture that’s tougher to clean than polished finishes.

Distressed Wood Flooring

Distressed wood flooring is achieved by scratching the top layer to give the floor a battered and rustic appearance. Like hand scraping, this method hides signs of wear efficiently but results in a rugged texture.

Unfinished Wood Flooring

Unfinished wood flooring is installed without a finishing layer. After the flooring installation is complete, the owners take a look at the room and decide on the colour and finish they want. While this method is tricky because the floor stays a while without any protection, it’s more versatile in terms of style.

Which Type of Wood Flooring Is Best?

As you’ve seen, wood flooring is available in many types and patterns, making it a joker of all trades in the renovation business. However, each type of wood flooring is best suited for a specific purpose, as you’ll find out in this section.

What Are the Best Types of Wood Flooring for the Kitchen?

Hardwood types are better for kitchens than softwood because they’re more resistant to water damage and scratches. The best and most resilient options out there are oak, maple, and ash.

What Are the Best Types of Wood Flooring for the Living Room?

Oak floors are the best option for living rooms because they combine style and durability. Generally, hard floors are best suited for high-traffic areas because they show signs of wear slower.

What Are the Best Types of Wood Flooring for the Bedroom?

Bedrooms are mid-traffic rooms, making softwood floors a perfect option. You can go with bamboo or pine floors if you’re looking for a budget-friendly choice. Meanwhile, mahogany and walnut are ideal options if you don’t mind their high prices.

What Are the Best Types of Wood Flooring for the Bathroom?

Wood effect tiles are the best option for bathrooms because they’re made of porcelain, which is waterproof. Natural wood won’t stand a chance against the constant dampness, making synthetic materials a must.

What Are the Best Types of Wood Flooring for Dogs?

Maple floors are an ideal choice for houses with dogs because they’re extremely durable and resistant to signs of wear. However, it’s still recommended you keep your dog’s nails short if you have natural wood floors.

What Are the Best Types of Wood Flooring for Children?

Hard types of wood like oak, walnut, maple, and hickory are ideal for you if you have children. They’re comfortable underfoot and absorb impacts well. Also, they don’t show signs of wear easily.

What Are the Best Types of Wood Flooring for Wet or Damp Environments?

Engineered wood flooring is a wise choice for wet environments because it’s partially made from synthetic materials. It combines the elegance of natural wood with the water resistance of synthetics, giving you the best of both worlds.

What Type of Wood Flooring Is Cheapest?

Bamboo and pine wood floors are among the cheapest on the market because of the abundance of their source plants. They’re both an ideal option for limited budgets.

What Type of Wood Flooring Is Most Expensive?

Walnut, teak, and mahogany are among the priciest wood flooring types on the market. Also, as a rule of thumb, solid wood floors cost more than engineered floors because they’re made solely of natural materials.

What Type of Wood Flooring Is Most Durable?

Solid hardwood floors like hickory and walnut are the most durable options on the market. They’re your best bet if you want your floors to last years without showing signs of wear.

Engineered vs. Solid Wood Flooring

The choice between engineered and solid wood depends on your needs and budget. Solid wood is the better choice for high-traffic areas because it’s more durable and scratch-resistant. However, it’s pricey. Meanwhile, engineered wood is more affordable but better suited for low to mid-traffic areas.

Laminate vs. Engineered Hardwood

If you prioritise style and longevity, then engineered hardwood floors are the best choice for you, given that they resemble natural wood and can last up to 100 years. However, if you have a limited budget and prioritise practicality, you can go with laminate, which is more resistant to wear. In the end, the choice depends on your needs.

To Wrap Up

Wood floors have an unbeatable charm in the renovation industry. They come in a myriad of designs and patterns to satisfy every taste. On top of that, they’re suitable for a wide range of applications. If you’re having a hard time choosing the right wood flooring for your property, our guide will lead you to the best fit according to your needs!

Also, if you’re renovating your floors and want professional help, set up a free consultation with us today!

Wooden floors are one of the oldest yet timeless materials that can last decades with proper care. You’ll also find different variations to match your budget and interior design. But without the right details about this material, you risk choosing a style that isn’t fit for your property.

We’ll guide you through the different wood flooring styles and types to help you learn and select the best pattern, finish, design, and colour to upgrade your space and make your home more cosy.

Patterns

You’ll find several patterns available to make your space look bigger or smaller or compliment your room’s decor, from straight and random to chevron and basketweave. Check out the following wood flooring pattern options:

Straight

If you’re having difficulty choosing a pattern, straight patterns are a classic and timeless parquet that’ll never go out of style. It’s the simplest option that makes your small space look bigger, with planks arranged side by side, running parallel. And although the boards may have different lengths, they’re installed with a long dimension parallel to the longest wall in your room.

Diagonal

This parquet pattern draws your attention from the walls, making your space look wider and hiding issues like cracks or uneven subfloors. The planks are laid at an angle to the walls and are usually made of hardwoods like oak, maple, and cherry.

Random

A random parquet pattern is your best bet if you aren’t afraid to try something new and unique. The planks have different widths and lengths, carefully planned to seemingly laid randomly, creating a natural, rustic, and sophisticated look.

It’s more suited to large and irregular-shaped rooms because they make your small space look cluttered and disguise its irregular shape.

Herringbone

This classic parquet option looks elegant with its narrow and long planks arranged in a V-shaped pattern like the skeleton of a herring fish. Despite its size and shape, you can apply this pattern to any room, especially large ones, because it makes small spaces look cluttered. It may also have a busy look, so it’s important to use simple and uncluttered furniture.

Chevron

A chevron pattern has wood planks cut at a 45-degree angle, laid in a V-shape, and fitted to create a continuous zigzag. If you have a small room, applying this parquet flooring pattern will make it look and feel larger, but you may need narrower boards for a better effect.

Your finish will also affect how your floors look and feel. For instance, a natural finish will show off the grain pattern, while a stained one adds colour and depth.

Brick

If you want your home to feel warm and cosy, a brick parquet pattern will give you this effect and make your room look more spacious. The planks are laid in a running bond pattern so the joints don’t line up, creating a checkerboard-like effect.

Basketweave

You can create this parquet pattern by arranging wooden blocks like the weave of a basket or in a series of interlocking squares. The outcome has different sizes, from small, intricate designs to large, bold patterns.

Basketweave is a good choice for luxury properties or stylish floors that will raise your home’s market value.

Designs

Once you’re done picking your favourite pattern, consider the overall look or feel you want for your flooring. The design can be anything from a traditional to a modern look and will affect the type of planks you choose, the way they’re arranged, and the finish you need.

Here are examples of different wood flooring designs:

Finishes

After installing your flooring, you need to apply a protective coating/finish to highlight its beauty and make it last longer. You may choose different finishes with unique properties, from natural oiled to unfinished wood flooring. Take a look at the following examples:

Natural Oiled Wood Flooring

This finish is a natural oil made from tung, linseed, or walnut. It’s a sustainable choice with a low VOC compared to chemical finishes that you can re-apply at home without hiring a professional. Instead of giving your floors a thick, glossy layer, it highlights your floors’ natural beauty.

UV Oiled Wood Flooring

This oil finish is cured with ultraviolet (UV) light, making it more durable and resistant to scratches, stains, and fading than natural oil. The best part is it doesn’t need constant reapplying like a natural oil finish, and you can clean it with a mild soap and water solution.

Brushed and Oiled Wood Flooring

The flooring is lightly brushed to remove the top, soft grains, exposing the more durable and textured grain and making your floors look rustic. The wood is then finished with oil to protect it from scratches, scuffs, and spills.

Lacquered Wood Flooring

Lacquer is a clear, hard finish made by mixing resins, solvents, and various pigments. It protects your wooden floors from scratches, stains, and moisture and gives them a shiny or matte finish.

Some popular species that go well with a lacquered finish are oak, maple, and walnut, as they’re common in commercial spaces with high-traffic areas like restaurants and hotels.

Hand Scraped Wood Flooring

This material is intentionally distressed to give your floors a rustic, worn look. The wood is scraped by hand using a sharp blade to remove the top surface, leaving behind a textured finish.

Hand scraped wood flooring may camouflage small scratches or dents on your floors but is more difficult to maintain than other options.

Distressed Wood Flooring

This finish uses hand scraping, wire brushing, and sanding techniques to age your floors and give them a rustic or vintage look. It’s a popular choice for those with kids or pets, as the distressed look will disguise scratches and scuffs.

Unfinished Wood Flooring

If you want all-natural floors, you can get wood planks that aren’t stained or finished. Unfinished wood is more affordable than prefinished flooring, and you can choose the stain to customise your floors.

The only downside is that without staining or finishing, your flooring is more susceptible to damage from wear and tear, so it’s not a good fit if you have kids or pets.

Colours

You have two main wood flooring colour options, light or dark, depending on the species, age of the wood, tree location, grain pattern, and finish.

Light

This flooring has a pale or blond colour, ranging from almost white to light brown, depending on the wood species and your choice of finish. Check out the common species with a light tone:

Dark

This shade of wood has a rich, warm, and inviting tone and comes from dark wood species. Here are some examples:

What Wood Flooring Is Currently in Style?

Lighter wood floors are what’s trending in most homes this year. Check out some other options currently in style:

What Wood Flooring Is Currently Out of Style?

Red tones are growing less popular across homes this year because they’re difficult to decorate and match with the rest of the interior. Here are other options falling out of style:

What Wood Floors Never Go Out of Style?

Medium-toned browns like oak, maple, and mahogany are timeless because you can match your floors with any decor. Here are other options:

What Are Some Old Styles of Wood Flooring?

Some styles have become less popular over the years, and only a few homeowners adore them today. Check out these examples:

What Are Some Contemporary Styles of Wood Flooring?

Wide planks are long, thick boards popular for modern homes because they make a room look more spacious. Here are other options that are also currently in style:

Conclusion

You’re now ready to start shopping for your new wooden floors. But remember that what you see online may not always work for your home. You need to get samples and compare them to your walls and furniture before buying, lest you end up with the wrong material.

If you need an honest opinion and professional wood flooring installation, contact us today to talk to our experts. We’re always happy to be of service.

Wooden floors can elevate the comfort and aesthetic appeal of any room you install them in, courtesy of their timelessness and elegance. Not only that, but they’re also resilient and can last for decades with proper care. How much does wood flooring cost, though?

If you’re planning your next renovation project and wondering about that, you’ve come to the right place. We’ll explain the different available wood options, how much each costs, and more.

Let’s start!

Types of Wood Flooring and Their Cost

Below are the most commonly installed wood floor types. The price ranges reflect the cost of materials only! Installation can add another £15 to £30 per square metre.

Engineered

Engineered wood flooring costs around £20 to £80 per square metre.

It’s a type of wood flooring composed of a thin hardwood veneer layer. This layer is bonded with layers of plywood, fibreboard, or oriented strand board. It’s more stable and moisture-resistant than solid wood, but the materials it’s composed of aren’t as durable, justifying its lower price point.

Another downside to engineered wood is that you can’t resurface it as much due to its veneer layer’s thickness. Still, it’s an excellent option for homeowners looking for a cheaper alternative to solid wood or a more authentic flooring solution for moisture-prone areas.

Solid

Solid wood flooring starts at £35 but can go well over £100 per square metre, depending on the wood species. It’s among the most expensive flooring solutions, courtesy of its high-end, luxurious appearance and appeal.

Your solid wood floor will be made of planks of natural wood cut from a single piece of timber. Each wood species has its own characteristics. We’re talking about durability, appearance, and resistance. So, that’s one thing to consider when investing in a solid wood floor.

Other than that, you should be aware that it’s also prone to warping and shrinking due to temperature and humidity changes.

Parquet

Parquet is among the most elegant flooring solutions available due to its rich history and decorative nature. It comes at a steeper cost, though. Material-wise, its price ranges from £20 to £80 per square metre, but it depends on the brand and wood species.

Labour is the primary concern when installing parquet, as it’s pieces of wood arranged in geometric patterns.

Contemporary and highly decorated designs can set you back several thousand unless you opt for prefabricated parquet tiles that already feature designs within them.

Laminate

Laminate is one of the cheapest options available for budget-conscious homeowners looking to enhance the look of their floors because it offers a multitude of options.

While low-end brands start at £15 per square metre, you can find high-end laminate that feels and performs great around the £80 price mark. It’s made of synthetic materials that mimic the appearance of hardwood.

Despite that, it’s durable, easy to install, and decently resistant to scratches and stains. It’s not completely waterproof, though; clean up any water or spills quickly so as not to damage it.

Vinyl

Similarly to laminate, vinyl offers an alternative for budget-conscious homeowners looking to give character to their rooms while navigating the expenses that authentic hardwood floors bring.

It’s a synthetic material that can imitate the appearance of wood. But a few advantages it has over wood include its comfort, ease of cleaning, lifespan, and durability.

It starts at a very affordable price of £10 per square metre, but higher-quality rolls and LVT can cost up to £60. It’s also waterproof and more resistant to fading and warping. Remember that it’s less eco-friendly; vinyl is made from materials that emit Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs).

Reclaimed

This wood is salvaged from old buildings and barns, where it was perhaps redundant. It can be anything from a piece of furniture to even a boat or trailer. So, the quality, cost, and appearance of the wood depend on the source and its condition.


Generally, it costs from £20 to £80 because, despite being real wood, it’s recycled—pests, hidden dangers, and such are concerns. But if eco-friendliness and uniqueness are qualities you’d love your next wooden floor to have, reclaimed wood is an option.

Wood-Effect Tiles

Wood-effect tiles are ceramic or porcelain tiles that carry the design of a wooden floor. Not only are they customisable, but their durability, resistance to moisture and stains, and waterproof quality are welcome among homeowners.

Compared to other solutions, they’re mid-range in terms of cost. They start at £10, but higher-end brands may cost up to £60 per square metre. Of course, such brands are better at mimicking the appearance of different wood species with their realistic textures and patterns.

Does the Pattern and Design of the Wood Floor Change the Cost?

Yes, it can.

Complex patterns are more intricate and elaborate, requiring more skill and time from your contractor to install. Expect to throw in an extra £10 to £50 per square metre on top of installation costs because of them.

Some common wood flooring patterns and styles homeowners love include:

Does the Finish of the Wood Flooring Affect the Cost?

Yes!

Some treatments are more expensive and require frequent applications. They can enhance your floor’s beauty and protect it from wear and tear. Some finishes and treatments include:

The prices above reflect material costs only! You may need to pay an extra £10 to £20 per square metre for labour.

Does the Species of Wood Flooring Affect the Cost?

You guessed it!

Some types of wood have different prices depending on their availability and durability. Similarly, some species just look and perform better than others.

Here are a few examples:

How Much Does It Cost to Install Wood Flooring?

It depends.

Your choices are nearly unlimited, considering the number of available wood species, flooring types, patterns, and finishes. You should also consider whether you need to remove your current flooring or level your subfloor.

First, consider the cost of materials. For example, engineered wood is cheaper than solid wood, so installing an engineered wood floor will be much more affordable.

Experts will also suggest buying more material than your floor requires to be prepared for any eventualities. 10% more than your floor space needs should suffice.


Labour costs are next. Most professionals will charge you between £15 and £30 per square metre in installation costs. However, these rates are estimates; different contractors will charge you different prices.

Contractors will also charge you extra if you need to remove your current flooring or skirting boards, level or treat your floor, install underlayment, or trim your doors. Except for trimming doors, which is slightly more expensive, these services shouldn’t exceed £30 per square metre.

To sum it up, installing a wooden floor in a 17.09 m² room in the U.K. can cost anywhere from £1,200 for cheaper solutions like laminate to over £8,000 if you’re using high-end Macassar Ebony.

If you’re stumped, contact us. We’ll give you a free quote and help you find the best solution for your situation.

Does the Room the Wood Flooring Is Being Installed in Affect The Cost?

Yes.

Some rooms are more complex to renovate than others, either due to size, design, or condition.

Large rooms will require more material and labour, increasing the cost. Similarly, some rooms may have more obstacles or corners, making the installation more difficult and costly.

If a room’s floor is damaged, uneven, or needs to be removed, the extra preparation work will incur additional costs. The room’s location plays a role, too. The more accessible and convenient a room is, the easier it is for your contractor to renovate it.

Do You Need to Buy and Install Underlay for Wood Flooring?

It depends!

You need underlay with some wood flooring types, such as laminate and engineered wood, as well as for rough, uneven, and damp subfloors.

Some flooring types usually don’t need underlayment, as is the case for solid wood, unless your subfloor is damaged or you’d like to enhance the flooring’s comfort and durability. But, for the most part, underlay is recommended for most wood flooring installations.

Can You Install Wooden Floors Yourself to Save Money?

Yes, but we recommend against it if you’re not skilled.

Let’s see some factors to consider when DIYing.

However, if you’re confident in your abilities and have all the necessary tools and materials, you’ll save a lot on labour costs.

Does It Cost Money to Maintain Wood Flooring?

Yes, but it depends on your flooring type; you must maintain some floors more frequently than others.

Also, factors like refinishing, sanding, and restoring your floor play a role in the final maintenance cost.

What Is the Cost of Wood Flooring Restoration or Renovation?

Your need to restore your floor depends on its condition. Sometimes, cleaning and repolishing it would suffice. Other times, you might need an expert to repair it.

Cleaning is a given; you must clean your floor regularly to remove dust, dirt, and stains. Fortunately, this isn’t expensive, as most homeowners have a vacuum cleaner, a broom, and a mop, and the cost of cleaning products doesn’t exceed £15.

Some wood flooring types require frequent polishing to maintain their durability and visual appeal. You can do this yourself by buying a polishing pad and a suitable polish product; contact your manufacturer for advice regarding which products to use. Wood floor polish costs around £20 per litre, but expect cost differences across brands.

Renovations can be fairly expensive. After all, you’ll likely redo the floor of an entire room. Depending on your current floor’s and subfloor’s condition, your desired floor type, material, and finish, and the size of your room, you can expect renovations to cost from £800 to well over £6,000.

What Is the Cost of Sanding Wood Floors?

Sanding wood floors is usually part of the refinishing process. Usually, this process costs around £20 or more per square metre.

The primary benefit of sanding your floor is that it evens it out and removes any scratches and stains. But it also opens up the possibility of choosing a different refinishing method.

What Is the Cost of Refinishing Wood Floors?

You should refinish your wood flooring every few years to improve its appearance, durability, and your home’s value. Experts suggest that you do this every five years.

This process involves sanding, staining, and sealing the wood flooring, which can cost you from £20 to £35 per square metre. Your choice of finish can also add to the final bill; lacquer is significantly more expensive than oil.

What Is the Cost to Repair Damaged Wood Flooring?

Repairs can be pricier. You’ll likely need to replace your planks or tiles if you damage your flooring. So, buying new materials and hiring a contractor are to be expected. The costs will depend on your floor type and condition and the material used.

Repairing damaged floors may require a few touch-ups that range from £100 to well over £1,000.

What Is the Most Expensive Wood Flooring?

A lacquered solid wood floor is the most expensive flooring option, especially if you pick a luxurious wood species.

As for materials, zebra wood (~£210/m² or more) and Macassar Ebony (~£1260/m² or more) are among the most expensive wood species and will significantly increase your flooring costs if you opt for them.

What Is More Expensive, Solid Wood or Engineered Wood?

Solid wood is more expensive than engineered wood. The former costs around £35 to £100, while the latter is cheaper at £20 to £80 per square metre.

What Is the Cheapest Wood Flooring?

The cheapest “wood” floors are vinyl and laminate. They’re synthetic floors that mimic the look of natural wood and start at around £10 to £80 per square metre.

What Is the Cost of a Wooden Floor vs. Vinyl?

You can get the cheapest vinyl option for about £10 per square metre, but higher-end vinyl can cost upwards of £45 per square metre.

This makes it much cheaper than wood floors, which start at a similar price and can exceed £100 per square metre.

What Is the Cost of a Wooden Floor vs. Laminate?

Laminate is among the cheapest flooring materials, but higher-end options can cost as much as some mid-quality wood species.

You can also install a laminate floor that mimics the appearance of wood. Low-quality laminate starts at around £15, while high-end laminate tiles can reach £80.

What Is the Cost of a Wooden Floor vs. Carpet?

Carpet flooring costs from £4 to £40 per square metre. Premium options can cost upwards of £50. This makes it less expensive than most wooden floors, which range from £15 to £100 per square metre.

What Is the Cost of a Wooden Floor vs. Concrete?

Concrete floors are more expensive than wooden floors, primarily due to the polishing process. Since it has to be poured, polished, and then sealed, it’ll cost you £135 per square metre on average.

Most wooden floors don’t exceed £100 per square metre unless you opt for a rare species.

Wrapping Up

Despite its high cost, installing a wooden floor in one of your rooms is among the best ways to give it a touch of elegance and warmth. While budget-conscious owners have more affordable options, such as engineered wood and laminate, solid wood and parquet floors are available to those willing to go all in.

At Ultimate Flooring, we deliver exceptional flooring options and truly bespoke service at competitive prices. Visit us for all your flooring needs!

Wood flooring has been one of the most popular choices for a while now. This doesn’t come as a surprise when we consider its timeless look, its impact on your home value, and its warm ambience.

Still, should you pick wood floors for your house? Learning all about timber flooring will enable you to make this choice. We’ll join you on your quest to choose flooring for your property, so let’s begin.

What Are the Main Benefits of Wood Flooring?

This table illustrates how wood stands out on several fronts.

AestheticsWood is elegant, timeless, warm, and classic.
FlexibilityIt has numerous finishes, colours, grains, and stains.
DurabilityWith proper maintenance, wood floors can last a lifetime.
HealthWood doesn’t trigger allergies or worsen respiratory issues, thanks to its repulsion of dust and allergies.
Home ValueWood floors increase your home resale value, giving you a good return on investment (ROI).
ComfortTimber floors have a soft underfoot.

What Are the Negatives of Wood Flooring?

Understanding the drawbacks of wood floors will help you make the right choice.

CostWood flooring involves high upfront costs.
ScratchingIt develops scratches and gouges gradually from furniture, shoes, and so on.
Moisture DamageWater can cause wood to swell or cup.
MaintenanceYou need to get your flooring resealed or reshaped in case of damage.

What Are the Different Types of Wood Flooring?

We can classify wood floors into various subtypes. Each has its distinct features, which you must be aware of if you want to choose the right flooring type for you.

Engineered Wood Flooring

Engineered wood floors are made from a thin veneer hardwood layer over several layers of composite materials and plywood. You can install them anywhere but bathrooms.

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Solid Wood Flooring

Solid wood floorings are solid wood planks that are linked with a tongue and groove along the side. Install them anywhere other than humid areas and over concrete floors.

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Reclaimed Wood Flooring

This flooring is processed wood taken from its original application and repurposed in your home the way solid flooring is.

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What Are the Different Wood Flooring Species?

Timber floors come in diverse species. Each has its unique texture, appearance, pros, and cons. Some are harder and more durable, while others are softer. Understanding them will help you make the right wood flooring choice for your property.

Oak Flooring

Oak is a wood species that has a nice natural colour and stains well. Oak flooring comes in white and red variations. Use it in living rooms, dining rooms, hallways, and walkways.

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Ash Flooring

Ash flooring is typically available in light shades but stains well. You’ll love how it complements contemporary designs.

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Walnut Flooring

Walnut has a soft texture and a warm tone. It adds aesthetic appeal to any room you want, but make sure it isn’t one with heavy foot traffic.

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Maple Flooring

Sometimes called sugar maple, hard maple has an even, thin grain and a light, creamy shade. You’ll find it on basketball courts.

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Hickory Flooring

Hickory floors have sporadic grains and hues that differ across planks from the same package. They look their best in open areas and accommodate the needs of high-traffic rooms.

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Mahogany Flooring

Mahogany wood floors are known for their rich colour and grain and soft feel.

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Teak Flooring

Teak is a gorgeous wood floor species featuring rich golden brown tones. Installing it in mudrooms is a great idea.

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Pine Flooring

Pine floors lean more towards softwood floors than hardwood ones. They come in light tones and a uniform grain. They’re suitable for bedrooms and excellent in sunrooms.

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Cork Flooring

You’ll find cork floors in light and dark tones featuring a unique familiar grain. They’re suitable for installation anywhere in your house other than bathrooms.

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Bamboo Flooring

Although classified as grass, bamboo passes for wood because of its hardness. This flooring option is available in manila, yellow, and dark tones. Install it anywhere but in wet rooms.

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What Are the Different Wood Flooring Patterns and Designs?

Let’s cover the various patterns and designs of wood floors so that you can better visualise them in your house and decide on the right one. Each type has its installation difficulties, intricate designs, and more.

What Is Parquet Wood Flooring?

In a parquet pattern, manufacturers lay the planks straight or diagonally in a pattern. Many homeowners love their geometric effects. Traditionally, workers would install parquet one piece at a time. However, modern parquet is almost ready-made as tiles with a backing material holding the wood slats in place. It comes in diverse patterns, including:

Herringbone

Herringbone patterns are the most widespread in Europe. The bricks are laid in a V-shaped pattern, which requires placing blocks perpendicular to one another. If you have an open space, a herringbone floor signals a separate area, dividing the space.

Chevron

In chevron patterns, bricks are laid at 45 degrees from one another, and people often get them mixed up with herringbone patterns. They’re appropriate for formal living rooms, reception halls, and dining rooms.

Mixed

Mixed-width patterns feature planks of different widths. You install them horizontally, and the process is super simple. They look great in large rooms with high ceilings.

Horizontal or Diagonal

As the name implies, you can lay wood planks in horizontal stripes. This classic pattern gives a room the illusion of space, which is excellent for small spaces. Also, it works with almost any hardwood or hardwood alternative.

As for diagonal stripe patterns, they’re laid with a 45-degree angle to the room edge. Both patterns are easy to install, thanks to the click-together technique.

What Are the Different Wood Flooring Finishes?

Flooring finishes are coatings that enhance the wood features and its aesthetic appeal. Whereas leaving solid wood floors unfinished is an option, some people opt for any of the following finishes:

Natural Oiled Wood Flooring

A natural oil finish is the traditional choice, giving your floor a natural, timeless look. You’ll need to reapply it often, but retreatment is easy. Use it in rooms without much sunlight because it can’t protect your wood against the sun.

UV Oiled Wood Flooring

Ultraviolet oiled finishes bring out the natural colour of wood with a matte finish, create a warm underfoot, and are durable. Their durability equips them for cottages, lake houses, and suburban and urban homes.

Brushed and Oiled Wood Flooring

You can brush and oil wood floors to accentuate their wood grain, giving them texture. These flooring finishes are super popular, especially in busy households with frequent dents and scratches.

Lacquered Wood Flooring

Lacquered finishes add durability to your wood. They render it splash and scratch-resistant and slow down the discolouration caused by sun exposure. Lacquer finishes come in slightly glossy (satin) and matt finishes.

Hand-Scraped Wood Flooring

Manufacturers use a technique called hand scraping to give wood a vintage, distressed, and worn look. It adds character to your flooring. Also, wear and tear adds to this flooring finish’s charm, so you may pick it for high-traffic areas.

Distressed Wood Flooring

Via ageing, wire brushing, sculpting, or hand scraping, your wood can have a rustic distressed look. This finish is perfect for contemporary spaces, infusing them with warmth.

Unfinished Wood Flooring

As we’ve mentioned, you can purchase your wood floors untreated. This way, you can apply a custom stain before treating them with several coats of a protective finish. Unfinished floors suit kitchens, as the finish you’ll apply will help seal the seams between the planks, minimising water damage.

Wood Flooring Cut Patterns

Choosing the right grain pattern is integral to making wood flooring work for your home. After all, the cut impacts the pattern of the wood planks. Cut patterns describe the angle of the saw to the log, which alters the grain appearance.

Plain / Flat Sawn

In a plainsawn plank, manufacturers cut the log flat down the centre of the log. Accordingly, planks have diverse grain patterns, such as cathedrals and arched grain in the board’s middle.

Quarter Sawn

Quarter sawn logs are cut at a radial angle into four quarters, which explains the name. The interesting ray flecks give planks a dramatic edge.

Rift Sawn

Rift sawn wood is the product of using a radical cutting pattern. To illustrate, each board is perpendicular to the log’s concentric annual growth ring (the circles on the wood log resulting from the formation of new cells). As a homeowner, you’ll see straight grain lines.

Live Sawn

This European approach involves cutting off the log in a single direction. To you, this cut features the full range of a log’s grain. And it’s a great choice if you’re on a budget.

What Are the Uses of Wood Flooring?

To decide whether you should install wood in your home, you must look at how wood flooring will benefit you. So, here are the benefits of wood flooring.

Residential Wood Flooring

Residential wood flooring refers to timber floors that accommodate domestic use and your home needs. These floors experience less spillage and damage and get less foot traffic than commercial floors. So, homeowners typically opt for solid hardwood variations, but engineered wood flooring also works.

Commercial Wood Flooring

Commercial wood floors are designed with the requirements of commercial and industrial work sites in mind, such as offices and warehouses. They need to be highly durable and withstand heavy foot traffic, pressure, spillage, humidity, and moisture.

Engineered hardwood resists humidity, so it doesn’t expand and contract like solid hardwood. It’s also more durable, long-lasting, and stable, with a low risk of buckles and gaps.

What Are the Different Brands and Manufacturers of Wood Flooring?

Knowing the main brands producing wood floors will facilitate the purchasing process. The biggest wood floor manufacturers are as follows:

How Much Does Wood Flooring Cost?

Wood flooring prices can be anything from £30 to £85 per metre square, with luxury wood options, such as bamboo flooring, reclaimed hardwood, and hand-scraped wood, being on the high end of prices. Ultimately, the exact price depends on the wood species, brand, cut, and finish.

Can You Get Cheap Wood Flooring?

Yes, you can find cheap wood floors. You can buy unfinished solid hardwood and sand, stain, and seal it yourself. Another idea is engineering wood floors that click-lock together, as you can easily install them and save on labour costs.

Can You Get Luxury Wood Flooring?

Yes, you can get luxury wood flooring if you look into the exotic varieties. After all, they’re extracted from diverse species around the world, such as Kempas and Tigerwood. Other luxury options are reclaimed hardwood and hand-scraped wood because of their difficult manufacturing processes.

How Much Does Wood Flooring Cost to Fit?

On average, you can expect to pay £20/m² or more for a professional installation. But different wood types have unique installation costs, which explains the varying prices. For instance, parquet, which is difficult to install, costs £30/m² to £35/m².

Does Wood Flooring Increase or Decrease the Value of Your Property?

Wood floors increase your home value if you take care of them. With proper maintenance, wood flooring can live forever and appreciate over time, boosting your home’s resale value. For that reason, it’s an excellent choice with a good return on investment.

How Do You Install Wood Flooring?

Different wood types and species force you to use different installation techniques. Nonetheless, we can give you an overview of how to lay wood floors.

  1. Lay the Planks: Install the hardwood floorboards with a nail down, glue down, or tongue-in-groove technique. Then, cut the excess underlayment.
  2. Put the Baseboards Back: Replace them to cover the expansion gap.
  3. Add Threshold or Transition Stripes: Install them to cover exposed areas of the wood flooring.

What Preparations Do You Need to Make Before Wood Flooring Installation?

You must prepare the wood planks and the flooring base for the wood floor installation process as follows:

Do You Need Underlay With Wood Flooring?

No, it isn’t always necessary, but it’s a worthwhile investment, enhancing its features. That is unless you have floating wood floors, which are usually installed with underlayment.

Do You Need a Professional to Install Wall Flooring, or Can You DIY It?

No, you can take on the installation yourself, but it’s an advanced DIY project. You’ll need to buy or rent some equipment and follow the manufacturer’s instructions for installation.

How Do You Maintain Wood Flooring?

Maintaining your wood floors is necessary if you don’t want them to look dull. So make sure to follow these tips:

How Do You Clean Wood Flooring?

A hardwood floor requires frequent cleaning because it shows dirt and dust more than others; however, the cleaning process is simple. You’ll only need to:

How Long Does Wood Flooring Last?

Wood floors can last 50 to 100 years, but the exact lifespan depends on several factors, which are as follows:

What Is Wood Flooring Restoration?

Wood flooring restoration is a process that retrieves your floor’s original shine and takes care of wear and tear. Sanding the floor is an option, but it’s messy. Recoating it is a better idea. Professional restorations may include mechanical adhesion, in which professionals lightly abrade a wood floor.

What Is Wood Flooring Renovation?

Periodic renovations are crucial if you want your flooring to remain in good condition. Professionals can conduct some measures to renovate your floor, which are sanding (to remove the old finish and give you a smooth surface), staining (to ensure consistent colouration), drying, and sealing your wood floors (via a protective coat).

Can You Paint Wood Flooring?

Yes, you can stain your floor in your chosen colour to give it an edge. Make sure you purchase unfinished wood floor types so that you have these customisation options.

How Efficient Is Wood Flooring for Your Property?

It’s very efficient, lasting you up to a lifetime if you maintain it regularly. It’s also sustainable, as it’s extracted from wood flooring, a renewable source. Not to mention, wood absorbs heat well, which means it’s energy-efficient and will help keep your home warm in winter and cool in summer.

Is Wood Flooring Environmentally Friendly?

Yes, wood flooring is environmentally friendly as long as it’s harvested and managed responsibly. Even better, when you remove trees, that makes room for younger ones to grow. Then, they’ll produce more oxygen and absorb more carbon dioxide, enhancing the atmospheric output of the area.

Is Wood Flooring a Good Choice?

It’s hard to answer that question without considering several factors and your circumstances, so let’s get more specific.

Is Wood Flooring Good for Pets?

No, pets can easily scratch your wood flooring surface with their claws. And they can slip or slide because it’s slippery.

Is Wood Flooring Good for Kids?

Yes, it’s arguably perfect for kids because it’s easy to clean with a damp cloth. You can dust and sweep it to clean off any spillage or accidents.

Is Wood Flooring Good for High-Traffic Areas?

No, wood flooring isn’t a good fit for high-traffic areas because its finish will wear off fast and its colour will fade.

Is Wood Flooring Good for Wet Environments?

No, wood expands with moisture exposure and experiences swelling and cupping, so you shouldn’t install it in bathrooms and wet rooms.

What Is Wood Effect Flooring?

These flooring products have the effect of wood, and they’re a relatively new trend. They mimic the look and feel of wood, thanks to their high-definition images and the groves on their surface. Even better, they don’t come with the drawbacks of real wood, such as high maintenance, low durability, and low slip resistance.

What Is Laminate Wood Flooring?

Laminate flooring is composed of a particleboard wood base with an image layer and a transparent wear layer on top. The base is wood, and the appearance resembles wood, which explains why it’s sometimes called laminate wood flooring. This flooring type is super popular in living rooms, bedrooms, kitchens, and dining rooms.

What Is Wood Effect Luxury Vinyl Tile (LVT)?

Short for luxury vinyl tile, LVT emulates real wood flooring without taking on its impracticalities. To explain, LVT flooring grants you an elegant design with low maintenance, high durability, and water resistance, withstanding spills and leaks. It’s also easy to customise, creating unique flooring patterns.

What Is Wood Effect Vinyl Flooring?

Vinyl floors are synthetic products that assume the look of wood. They contain four layers: backing, waterproof, design, and wear layers. With high durability, functionality, moisture resistance, and affordability, they’ve gained increasing popularity.

Conclusion

Ultimately, determining whether wood is the right choice for your property relies on numerous factors. These include the flooring species, cut, finish, and installation, location, moisture level, and more. So, consider these factors to make your choice. If you’re unsure, contact us at The Ultimate Flooring; we’ll be happy to guide you!

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