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If you're a homeowner or business owner with a penchant for the natural, timeless appeal of wood flooring, the subject of maintaining it might interest you. In this guide, we will delve into maintaining wood flooring to keep the shine and longevity of your wood floors, ensuring they remain a worthwhile investment for years to come.

We'll explore the simplicity or complexity of maintaining wood flooring, the differing maintenance requirements based on the type, cleaning methods, suitable cleaners, recommended treatments, and the role of repairs in upkeep. We will also provide an idea of the costs involved. 

Is Wood Flooring Easy To Maintain?

Yes, maintaining wood flooring is typically straightforward when equipped with the proper knowledge and tools. However, it's important to remember that the ease of maintenance can significantly depend on the type of wood flooring installed in your home or office.

Do Different Types of Wood Flooring Require Different Maintenance?

Yes, different types of wood flooring require specific care and maintenance routines. Understanding the unique needs of each flooring type can extend its lifespan and maintain its aesthetic appeal. 

We will examine the different types of wood flooring below:

Solid Wood Flooring

Solid wood flooring is a true classic, comprising single timber cut into planks. This type of flooring is admired for its longevity and ability to be refinished multiple times.

Engineered Wood Flooring 

Engineered wood flooring is a popular choice, known for its layering structure. It consists of a top layer of real wood supported by less expensive, high-quality ply layers. 

Laminated Wood Flooring

Laminated wood flooring is a cost-effective alternative that simulates the appearance of real wood. It consists of a high-resolution image of wood placed over a core board. 

How Do You Clean Wood Flooring?

Cleaning wood flooring involves a series of steps to keep the floor spotless and in pristine condition. 

The following checklist offers a straightforward guideline for cleaning wood flooring:

☐ Use a soft-bristled broom or vacuum with a soft brush attachment, a microfiber mop, and a soft, dry cloth for wiping.
☐ Use a cleaner specifically designed for wood floors.
☐ Remove small furniture, rugs, or other obstacles from the floor.
☐ Start from one corner, sweeping in the direction of the wood grain.
☐ Dampen your mop with a properly diluted cleaning solution, then mop from one corner of the room, working your way towards the exit.
☐ Immediately after mopping, dry your floor with a soft, dry cloth or towel.
☐ Ensure your mop and cloth are damp, not soaking wet.
☐ After wiping, check for any damp spots and wipe again if necessary.
☐ Regularly sweep and mop your floor, and wipe immediately after mopping.
☐ Harsh chemicals can damage your wood floor. Always use the appropriate tools and cleaning solutions.
Wood Flooring Maintenance Checklist

Let's delve into each step and discover how to execute them effectively.

Sweep

Sweeping is an important initial step in maintaining your wood floors. It effectively removes dust, dirt, and loose debris that could otherwise scratch your flooring. While sweeping wooden floors, follow these steps carefully:

Mop

Mopping involves using a damp mop, not a wet one, to clean the flooring. This is done after sweeping to avoid scratches. Here is how to mop your wooden floors effectively and safely:

Wipe

Wiping is the final step in cleaning wooden flooring. It involves drying the floor after mopping to ensure no water is left on the wood surface, as leftover water can damage wood flooring over time. Follow these steps to dry your wooden floors properly:

What Cleaners To Use In Maintaining Wood Flooring?

Selecting the right cleaner is crucial in maintaining the beauty and extending the life span of wood flooring. These are the various cleaners you can use for your wooden floors:

1. Specialised Wood Floor Cleaners: These are cleaners formulated specifically for wood floors. They are gentle yet effective at removing dirt and grime without damaging the wood or leaving a residue. When choosing a wood floor cleaner, ensure it suits your type of wood flooring.

2. pH-Neutral Soap: Mild, pH-neutral soaps mixed with warm water can be a safe and effective cleaner for sealed wood floors. Avoid using acidic or alkaline cleaners, as they can dull or damage the finish.

3. White Vinegar and Water: A solution of half a cup of white vinegar to a gallon of lukewarm water is a popular homemade cleaner. However, it should be used sparingly, as overuse of vinegar can dull the finish over time.

4. Special Care for Oil Floors: If your wood floor has an oiled finish, using a soap designed explicitly for oiled wood floors can help preserve the oil finish and enhance the wood's natural beauty.

5. Avoid Steam Cleaners and Wet Mops: Steam cleaners and wet mops should never be used on wooden floors as they can damage the finish and warp the wood.

Wood Floor Cleaners

Wood Floor Cleaners are specifically formulated cleaning products designed to clean wood floors safely and effectively. They come in various types, including sprays, concentrates, and ready-to-use formulas.

The pros and cons of using these cleaners include:

Pros:

Cons:

Wood flooring care and maintenance tips for solid, engineered, and laminated wood floors. Best treatments and cleaners for wood floor care.

What Are The Best Treatments For Maintaining Wood Flooring?

Wood flooring treatments vary based on the type of wood flooring and specific needs. A few popular treatments include:

Each of these treatments carries its unique set of advantages and drawbacks.

TreatmentProsCons
Regular Sweeping and MoppingPrevents build-up of dust and dirt. Easy to do and cost-effective. Extends the life of the floor.Can miss some embedded dirt and grime. Sweeping can cause scratches if not done with a soft-bristled broom.
Specialised Wood Floor CleanersFormulated specifically for wood floors. Safely clean without damaging the finish.Some may contain chemicals that some people prefer to avoid.
Periodic Professional Deep CleaningThorough cleaning that can remove embedded dirt and grime. Can reach hard-to-clean areas.Can be costly. May require scheduling and availability.
Applying Suitable Wood Floor FinishesProtects the flooring and enhances its appearance. Can help resist scratches and stains.Requires expertise to apply properly. Some finishes may emit volatile organic compounds (VOCs).
Timely Repairs and RefinishingPrevents further damage and maintains the integrity and appearance of the flooring. Can fix scratches, dents, and stains.Can be expensive depending on the extent of the repair. Requires expertise to perform properly.

How Does Repairing Wooden Flooring Help In Maintaining Wood Flooring?

Repairing wood flooring is a crucial aspect of its maintenance. It restores the floor's aesthetic appeal and extends its lifespan. Small repairs, such as fixing minor scratches, and large ones, like board replacement, can prevent further damage and maintain the integrity of the flooring. 

How Do You Refinish Wood Flooring?

Refinishing wood flooring involves removing the existing floor finish, sanding the surface to smooth out any scratches or discolourations, and then applying a new finish. This process rejuvenates your wood flooring, allowing it to regain its original lustre and charm.

These steps should help you get started: 

1. Clear the Room: Remove all furniture, rugs, and other items from the room.

2. Clean the Floor: Thoroughly clean the floor to remove dust and debris. Ensure the floor is completely dry before moving to the next step.

3. Sand the Floor: Use a sander to remove the old finish and smooth any scratches or discolourations. Start with coarse-grit sandpaper and move to finer grits for a smooth finish.

4. Clean Again: Vacuum or wipe away the dust created by sanding. This vital step ensures dust doesn't get trapped beneath the new finish.

5. Apply the Stain (Optional): If you wish to change the colour of your floor, apply a wood stain evenly, following the direction of the wood grain. Allow it to dry completely.

6. Apply the Finish: Using a brush or roller, apply a thin layer of wood finish, again following the direction of the grain. Allow it to dry according to the manufacturer's instructions.

7. Add Additional Coats (If necessary): Depending on the type of finish used and the desired look, you may need to apply additional coats. Always ensure the previous coat is completely dry before adding another.

8. Let the Floor Cure: Let the finished floor cure for a few days before moving furniture back into the room.

This process can be quite labour-intensive and requires expertise, so many people hire professionals to refinish their wood floors.

What Is The Cost Of Maintaining Wood Flooring?

The cost of maintaining wood flooring can fluctuate based on the type of wood, the space size, and the specific maintenance tasks being conducted. Here are some average costs in the UK:

These approximate costs can vary based on various factors, including your geographical location and the specific condition of your flooring. 

Conclusion

Maintaining your wood flooring need not be a daunting task. With the knowledge you've gained from this guide, you should now be equipped to effectively handle the care and maintenance of your wood flooring. 

But remember, the key to the longevity of your wood flooring lies in regular maintenance and prompt repairs. Ensure that you treat your flooring with the care it deserves, and it will reward you with enduring beauty and durability. 
Do you need professional help in maintaining your wood flooring? Don't hesitate to contact us at The Ultimate Flooring, your trusted partner in all things relating to wood flooring.

With its rich patina and timeless elegance, wood flooring never goes out of style. It can elevate any décor and add a lot of character and value to your home with its natural warmth and classic beauty. 

Wood flooring is sturdy and long-lasting if maintained properly, lasting up to 100 years or more. And even though it can be scratched, the scratches can add a touch of antique charm, especially as the wood ages. 

In this comprehensive guide, we’ll discuss everything you need to know about the wood flooring installation process, from its main steps to whether or not it’s DIY-friendly.

1. Choosing Your Flooring

First order of business, you need to choose the right type of wood flooring for your project. There are several factors to consider here as indicated below. 

  1. Type of Wood

Solid hardwood, engineered wood, and laminate floors each have their pros and cons. Solid hardwood is the way to go for maximum longevity, whereas engineered wood is perfect for dimensional stability, especially with radiant heat or concrete subfloor installations. If you’re on a tight budget, laminate floors are a good option. 

  1. Width of Floorboards

Deciding on the width of the floorboards will boil down to aesthetic preferences. Wide-plank floors, around 125mm to 200mm, offer a dramatic and rustic look, but they’re more costly than traditional floors (70mm to 100mm).

  1. Quality Grade

Higher grades of wood have a uniform, almost flawless appearance but come with a high price tag. Lower grades tend to have knots and visible character marks. Choose the grade that suits your budget and desired look. 

  1. Colour and Finish

Do you want your flooring to be light (e.g., natural oak) or dark (e.g., walnut)? Also, do you want a glossy finish that offers shine and depth or a matte/satin finish with a more subtle lustre? 

Along with the above-listed factors, which relate mainly to the characteristics of wood, there are non-wood-related factors that should influence your choice of flooring, namely: 

Living rooms and bedrooms allow more flexibility in flooring choices compared to high-moisture areas like bathrooms and kitchens. Solid hardwood and engineered wood are suitable for most rooms, while LVT and laminate are suited for kitchens and bathrooms. 

For smaller rooms, we highly recommend going with wide-plank floors. Narrow-plank floors can make small rooms feel cramped, while wide planks will make them look more commodious. 

Wide-plank, matte-finish floors are best suited for contemporary spaces. For traditional homes, glossy-finish classic oak, maple, or cherry floors are a good fit. For more rustic styles, opt for distressed or hand-scraped wood. 

Houses with kids or pets may warrant more scratch-resistant wood finishes. As for houses in humid climates, they should opt for wood varieties that offer high dimensional stability, like red oak and ash. 

The amount of natural and artificial lighting can affect how a wood floor looks. For example, darker stains typically show more detail in bright light. 

2. Measuring Up

The next step in a typical wood flooring installation involves taking measurements to calculate how much flooring you need and a rough estimate of the cost. 

  1. Calculate the Square Meterage 

Using a tape measure or a laser distance measurer, measure the length and width of each room you’re looking to refloor. We recommend taking measurements in multiple spots as most rooms aren’t perfectly rectangular. You then multiply the average length by the average width to get the square meterage. 

Example: If the room's length is 6m and the width is 4m, the square meterage would be 24m². For irregular rooms, check out this video tutorial

  1. Account for Cutting Waste

The figure you calculated in the previous step isn’t the final figure. You still need to account for cutting waste and defects. To do so, add 5-10% to the square meterage. If you’re working with parquets as opposed to planks, you should add 12-15%. 

  1. Figure Out Flooring Direction

Perpendicular flooring draws the eye from side to side across a room. This has the effect of making a room appear larger. Parallel flooring draws the eye ahead in the direction of entryways or windows. It helps add depth to smaller spaces. The latter is the more traditional choice for most installations. 

To figure out how much flooring you need, calculate the square meterage, add the 5-15% cutting waste factor, and then multiply the result by the width of the flooring board to get a linear value. 

Here’s an example:

  1. Room is 5 metres in length and 4 metres in width = 20 square metres.
  2. 10% cutting waste factor = 2 additional square metres.
  3. Total adjusted square meterage is 22 square metres.
  4. Assume the flooring boards are 20cm wide = 0.2m.
  5. Multiply total square meterage (22) by board width (0.2) = 4.4 linear metres. 

So, to cover a room that measures 20 square metres using 20cm-wide boards with a 10% waste factor, you would need to purchase approximately 4.4 linear metres of flooring. 

To calculate the cost of your purchase, simply multiply the number of linear metres by the price per linear metre. If the price per linear metre is £50, for instance, you would spend £220 for 4.4 linear metres. 

Note: If the flooring is sold by the square metre, simply multiply the total adjusted square meterage—22 square metres in the example above—by the cost per square metre. 

3. Selecting Tools

Now that you’ve purchased enough flooring material for your project, it’s time to gather the tools necessary for the installation. Some of the tools listed below will already be in your toolbox.

  1. Tape Measure

You should already have a tape measure if you’ve carried out the previous step. You use it, along with a carpenter's square and some chalk, to measure and mark straight lines during the installation. 

  1. Dust Mask

When using power tools on wood, dust particles are going to fly everywhere. You definitely wouldn’t want to inhale that dust, so be sure to have a dust mask handy. Ear protection is also recommended. 

  1. Table/Miter Saw

You’ll need a table saw or mitre saw to cut wood planks to size and mitre their edges. We’d recommend getting a sliding mitre saw for wide cross-cuts. 

  1. Jamb Saw

This is a specialised hand saw that’s used to undercut door jambs so that flooring can fit underneath them. This isn’t necessary, but it makes for a clean finish. 

  1. Flooring Nailer/Stapler

You’ll need a nailer or stapler to secure tongue-and-groove hardwood planks to the subfloor. Make sure to purchase nails/staples that are compatible with your flooring thickness. 

  1. Rubber Mallet

This is a soft hammer that you’ll use to tap the flooring together. Avoid using a hammer that has a metal head to prevent dents and damage. 

  1. Tapping Block and Pull Bar

You’ll use these tools with the rubber mallet to tap the wooden planks tightly together and pull them into place while avoiding damage. 

  1. Power Drill/Driver

You’ll use the power drill/drive to screw the flooring planks to the subfloor. We recommend having a selection of drill bits on hand for a smooth installation. 

  1. Moisture Metre

You’ll use this metre to test the moisture content of the subfloor and wooden planks before installation. Wagner and Lingomat are popular brand names to consider. 

  1. Pry Bar

Useful for removing existing floorboards and mouldings. We recommend getting one with a flattened end for easier floorboard/moulding removal.  

  1. Utility Knife

While not an essential tool, you may need it for trimming excess flooring and underlayment. Make sure to use fresh blades for clean cuts. 

  1. Wood Flooring Cleaner

Lastly, you’ll need a flooring cleaner to clean the finished floors after you’re done with the installation. Two of our favourite hardwood floor cleaner brands are Bona and Bruce. 

4. Subfloor Preparation

The subfloor is a building’s foundational floor. It’s typically made up of plywood or concrete. Subfloor preparation, as the name suggests, is the process of getting the subfloor ready for the new flooring materials (i.e., wood). 

There are several ways to prepare your subfloor for wood flooring, from making sure it’s level and in good condition to ensuring it’s clean and dry. 

A typical subfloor preparation involves ensuring that the subfloor is:

  1. Flat and level, using a straight edge or a spirit level. 
  2. Dry, using a moisture metre. 
  3. Clean, by sweeping and removing surface dirt, chemicals, and adhesives. 

5. Underlay or Glue

Underlayment is a material that’s installed between the subfloor and wood flooring to provide moisture protection and sound absorption. Glue or adhesives, on the other hand, are used to bond the wood flooring boards directly to the subfloor. 

If you’re having a hard time choosing between the two, consider their pros and cons:

MethodProsCons
Underlayment– Cushioning and isolation- Noise and echo reduction- Allows for floating floor installation– More expensive than adhesives- May also require adhesive for stability- Slightly increases floor height 
Adhesion– Strong bond to subflooring- Direct glue-down installation- No need for underlayment– Messy application process- Fumes require ventilation- The floors cannot be floated

Both application methods ensure a smooth and stable finished floor. Choosing between them will boil down to the specific type of flooring being installed and personal preference. 

Go for underlayment if you’re looking to create a buffer layer between the wood flooring and the subflooring. But if you’re looking for a direct attachment method, adhesion is your best bet. 

6. Laying Wood Flooring

After you’ve prepared your subflooring, settled on an application method, and determined the optimal direction for the flooring boards based on the size and shape of the space, it’s time to lay the wood flooring.

Here are the steps you need to follow:

  1. Remove Baseboards and Trim

You first need to pry off existing baseboards, door trim, and thresholds using the pry bar. Be careful not to damage the trim pieces as you’ll reinstall them later. Also, be sure not to damage the walls. 

  1. Lay the Starter Row

From a corner, start laying the first row of boards against the straightest wall in the room, with spacers placed against the walls to allow for expansion gaps. Make sure this starter row is as straight as possible, as this will affect the rest of the installation. 

  1. Stagger the End Joints

The end seams between the boards of each consecutive row should be staggered by at least 150 to 300mm. This ensures stability and prevents aligned seams, which could crack over time. 

  1. Use Fasteners

As you lay each board, use a stapler or nail gun to place fasteners every 100 to 150mm along the boards. You can also use temporary fixing cleats. 

  1. Secret Nail at the Tongue

Secret nailing is a technique where you nail through the tongue of the floorboard at an angle so that the nail heads are concealed once the adjoining board is installed. 

  1. Knock the Boards Into Place

Using the tapping block, gently knock the boards into place. Once again, you don’t want to use a hammer in this step as it can damage the surface of the boards. 

  1. Cut Final Row

Measure and cut the final row of boards to fit snugly against the wall while accounting for the spacer gaps. You may need to use the pry bar to manoeuvre into place. 

  1. Reinstall the Trim

Once you’re done with the steps above, simply renail all skirting boards, thresholds, and door trim to cover the expansion gaps along the walls and doors. 

7. Finishing Wooden Flooring

Finishing is the process of sanding, staining, and applying protective sealant to the wood flooring. If the flooring you bought is already sanded and stained, you’ll only need to apply a sealant. 

Here’s what this process entails:

  1. Sand the Flooring

Use a coarse to fine sandpaper to smoothen the surface of the flooring. You’ll need to vacuum after each sanding to keep the place free of wood particles. 

  1. Apply Stain

If desired, you can use water or oil-based stains to achieve the specific look you want. We recommend testing on samples first. We also recommend applying the stain along with, not against, the wood grain. 

  1. Seal the Floor

Next, you need to seal the floor so that moisture doesn’t seep in between the boards. You can use water-based polyurethane or moisture-cured urethane (for humid environments). 

  1. Apply Wax Finish

This step is optional, but waxing helps give you a classic, low-sheen look that’s quite appealing. We recommend it for low-traffic areas. 

Comprehensive wood flooring installation process in the UK - measuring, floor prep, tools, cost, maintenance. DIY guide for a perfect wooden floor transformation.

8. Maintaining Wood Flooring

Proper maintenance keeps your wooden floor in good condition and extends its beauty. Here are some tips on how to maintain your wooden floor after installation:

  1. Regular Sweeping and Vacuuming

Use a soft-bristle broom to sweep your wood flooring regularly. Also, use a hardwood-safe vacuum to get rid of dirt and debris that can scratch the wood. 

  1. Cleaning Spills Promptly

Any liquid spills should be wiped up as quickly as possible. If you let it linger long enough, it will stain and warp the wood. 

  1. Damp Mopping

If you’re used to mopping your floor every so often, you’ll want to tone it down a bit. And when it’s time to mop, be sure to use a damp, not wet, mop to avoid soaking the floors.

  1. Controlling Humidity

You can probably see the pattern here; water and wood flooring don’t mix! So you’ll want to keep the humidity level in your house between 40% and 60% to minimise expansion and contraction. 

  1. Using Felt Pads for Furniture

Attach felt pads to chair and table legs to prevent them from scratching and denting your hardwood floor. 

  1. Limiting Direct Sunlight

UV light can damage your wooden floor and cause it to fade. So be sure to use curtains, shades, or rugs to limit direct sunlight exposure. 

Please bear in mind that different types of wood flooring require different levels of maintenance. For instance, exotic wood that’s imported from tropical regions often requires more careful maintenance than domestic hardwoods. 

Generally speaking, darker, smoother wood floors show wear and tear more readily than lighter, wire-brushed floors. So the darker and smoother your floor, the more maintenance it’ll need. 

Do Different Styles and Patterns Require a Different Installation Process?

Yes, different flooring styles and patterns do require a slightly different installation process. For instance:

  1. Solid Hardwood

Basic installation; often nailed or stapled to the subfloor. It comes in simple patterns like parallel boards or squares. 

  1. Engineered Wood

Can accommodate more intricate design patterns like herringbone due to its dimensional stability. That said, the boards must be precisely cut and glued to the subfloor rather than nailed. 

  1. Exotic Woods

Brittleness and hardness may limit pattern options in certain exotic wood varieties. They’re often glued down to the subfloor as opposed to nailed or stapled. 

How Much Does It Cost to Install Wood Flooring?

The wood itself is going to cost anywhere from £20 to £100 per square metre, depending on the type of wood you choose. Add another £15 to £30 per square metre for the installation. 

Several factors affect the cost of wood flooring installation. Different patterns and finishes can be more expensive than others. You also have to account for factors like board width and wood grade. 

Here’s a brief explanation:

  1. Wood Species

Different wood species come at different prices as a result of their varying availability and durability. As an example, pine costs considerably less than walnut because it’s not as resistant to damage. 

  1. Pattern/Design

Certain patterns and designs are more intricate and elaborate than others, requiring more skill and time from your contractor to install. 

  1. Finish

Traditional finishes like oil and wax are more affordable than more modern finishes like lacquer and varnish.

  1. Board Width

Narrow plank widths (70mm to 100mm) often cost less than wider planks (125mm to 200mm). 

  1. Wood Grade

The higher the wood grade, as in the fewer knots and defects it has, the more it costs. 

How Long Does It Take to Install Wood Flooring?

Wood flooring installation for an average-sized room takes 2-5 days. If you’re flooring an entire house, the process can take 1-2 weeks. 

The time it takes to complete a wood flooring installation varies based on a range of factors, the biggest of which is room size. Flooring larger rooms or multiple rooms will need more total labour hours to complete. 

Other factors that affect installation time include:

Do You Need to Hire a Professional for Wood Flooring Installation?

No, you don’t need to hire a professional for wood flooring installation. However, unless you have experience with flooring projects, hiring a professional would be advisable. 

Pros of hiring a professional:

Cons of hiring a professional:

Can You Fit Wood Flooring Yourself?

You can, but unless you have enough DIY flooring experience, we wouldn’t recommend it. It’s a difficult project that requires a great deal of experience. 

Pros of DIY wood flooring:

Cons of DIY wood flooring:

Can You Install Wood Flooring Over Your Existing Flooring?

Yes, but it depends on the type of existing flooring you have. You can install wood over concrete, tile, sheet vinyl, OSB, and plywood. You shouldn’t install it over carpet, cushioned vinyl, or floating floors. 

Does Wood Flooring Need Acclimation Before Installation?

Yes, wood needs to acclimate for 3-5 days in the room in which it will be installed. This is to allow the boards to adjust the room’s temperature and humidity. 

What Are Some Common Problems When Laying Wood Flooring?

Some of the most common problems when laying wood flooring include:

What Is the Process for Installing Laminate Flooring?

Here are the steps to installing laminate flooring:

  1. Make sure the subfloor is clean and level
  2. Cut the planks to fit room size
  3. Lay foam underlayment
  4. Leave an expansion gap of around 10-15mm
  5. Stagger the end joints of the planks
  6. Lock the planks together on their ends and sides
  7. Use spacer wedges for proper alignment
  8. Seal the seams (you can use silicone caulk)

What Is the Process of Installing Vinyl Flooring?

Here are the steps to installing vinyl flooring:

  1. Clean and level the subfloor
  2. Cut the planks to fit room size
  3. Lay a thin foam underlayment
  4. Place the planks with the tongue side facing the wall
  5. Lock the planks together on their ends and sides
  6. Heat the seams using a heat gun
  7. Install trim moulding over the edges

Wrap-Up

Wood flooring adds a timeless and natural beauty to any space. It’s versatile, durable, and easy to maintain, not to mention that it increases your property’s value!

While it’s possible to DIY a wood flooring project, it’s not recommended. If you don’t have enough experience, you’ll run into a host of problems that will eventually lead to poor results. For professional wood flooring installation in the UK, get in touch with us.

Do you want to spice up your place without spending a fortune on new furniture? Flooring renovation is the key. You can upgrade, add to, or restyle your old flooring and enjoy a fresh sight without changing too many things around the house.

But what exactly is flooring renovation? And how much will it cost you? Get your answers and much more in this guide, and if you want to renovate your floors, contact us for an accurate price quote!

What Is Flooring Renovation?

Flooring renovation involves laying a new floor or restyling your existing one to boost its aesthetic. Suppose your floor starts showing signs of wear and tear. To renovate it, you can refinish it, give it a new stain, or rearrange the tiles to give it a new look. However, if the damage is too extensive, you can replace it with a new floor.

What Is the Flooring Renovation Process?

The flooring renovation process depends on multiple factors, including whether your floor needs to be replaced or restored, your budget, your personal preference, and more.

Does the Floor Need to Be Replaced, Or Can It Be Restored?

Whether your floor needs to be replaced or restored depends on its material and state. If it’s too damaged, you’ll likely need to replace it. But if it only shows signs of wear in specific areas, you can restore it. Here are the signs you should replace or restore your floors.

ReplaceRestore
Water damageMould infestationUneven tiles or boardsStubborn discolourationLarge cracks that can’t be fixedSmall cracks and chipsStainsDents under furniture’s legsUV damage (colour fading)

What Is Your Budget?

Before jumping into a renovation project, you need to decide on a budget so that you know how you’ll revamp your floor. For instance, replacing a wood floor costs a lot more than sanding it and reapplying its finishing layer. Naturally, the bigger budget you have, the more changes you’ll be able to make.

What Are Your Preferences to the Look and Feel?

Whether you want your floor to look the same or different as before will affect the entire renovation process. Consider you want your wood floors to look the same but with a more subtle shine. Your option will be to change your matte finishing layer to a satin one. However, if you want an entirely new look, you’ll have to sand the floor and restain it or replace it.

Where Is the Floor Being Renovated?

One of the factors that’ll affect the renovation process is where it’ll happen. For instance, if you want to renovate your kitchen or bathroom floor, you’ll need to look for waterproof floors like ceramic or vinyl. Meanwhile, other rooms, like your living room or bedroom, don’t need the same consideration. You’ll have more freedom in choosing the type of floor you want.

Do You DIY or Hire a Professional?

When dealing with floors, it’s always recommended you hire a professional to avoid mistakes. For instance, if any tile is placed wrongly, you risk water damage and a chaotic-looking floor in your house. Also, flooring experts use specific tools that you might not have, and hiring them is much more affordable than buying new equipment.

Do You Have Elsewhere to Live During Renovation?

Before you renovate, you should consider living elsewhere during the process. This way, the expert floorers will work on the entire house at once and finish faster and more efficiently. But if you stay home, they’ll have to tackle the rooms one by one to give you a place to live, which isn’t convenient and will delay the process.

Does the Subfloor Need Renovating?

If your floor is water damaged, uneven beneath your feet, or has soft spots, chances are the damage originated in your subfloor. Expert floorers can fix the damage, but it’ll cost more money and take longer time than a superficial floor renovation.

How Much Does Floor Renovation Cost?

The average cost of renovating a floor can be anywhere from £40 to £85 per square metre, but the exact price depends on many factors. To name a few, it depends on the size of your house, the type of your floors, the nature of your property (residential or commercial), and the labour prices in your area. Also, the price will go up drastically if you lay new floors.

Different Types of Flooring Commonly Used in Renovation

There are six types of floors that are commonly used in renovation, wood, carpet, vinyl, laminate, linoleum, and tiles. Here’s a brief rundown of them and why they’re common in this field.

Wood

Wood is the ideal choice for many properties because it can be easily repaired and restored. Many other floors need replacement if even minor damage occurs, but wood can be sanded, restrained, and refinished. In essence, you could have an entirely new floor without moving a board out of its place.

Carpet

The warmth and quiet provided by carpet flooring are enough to make it a favourite choice among homeowners. It’s also easy to install and replace and more budget-friendly than many hard floor options. If you recently removed your hard floors and want an entirely different look and feel, you should consider carpet.

Vinyl

Vinyl flooring is an ideal choice if you’re planning to renovate because of its resilience and resistance to water. It’s less likely to suffer water damage than natural floors, and it doesn’t cost nearly as much. That said, vinyl floors fade in competition next to wood floors, as they can’t be repaired and often need replacements if damaged.

Laminate

Laminate flooring combines the attractive aesthetic of natural floors and the resilience of artificial floors, making it a common floor replacement option. Suppose you had wood flooring and had to remove it because of water damage or rot in the subfloor. You can install laminate flooring, enjoy the woodsy look, and say goodbye to these problems!

Linoleum

Linoleum has been benched for years under the pretence that it’s outdated, but it’s been slowly regaining its standing in the renovation business for the qualities it offers. It’s budget-friendly, durable, and water-resistant. It’s a decent option if you want durable floors without breaking the bank on more expensive natural materials.

Tiles

Tiles come in many materials, most commonly ceramic and porcelain. They’re an ideal option because of their durability, resistance to water, and ease of maintenance and repair. Because tiles come in small pieces, you can replace the damaged parts only and avoid replacing the floor. However, with rolls, you can’t fix a small part without removing the entire floor.

What Is Wood Floor Renovation?

Wood floors can be renovated by replacing or repairing them. The former includes laying a new floor because of extensive damage or an outdated design. Meanwhile, the latter includes sanding the floor to remove any cracks or damage signs, giving it a new stain, and refinishing it.

What Is the Difference Between Restoration and Renovation?

The two terms are used interchangeably, but ultimately, restoration means repairing your existing floor and bringing back its original look and look. Meanwhile, renovation means upgrading your old floor to a new one or restyling your old floor to give it a new look.

The former is done to damaged floors only, while renovation can be done to a neat-looking floor that you feel is out of style.

What Is the Difference Between Remodelling and Renovation?

Remodelling involves a complete transformation of the floor, changing its purpose and how it looks. For instance, you can use old tiles as wall decoration or wood floor boards to build a table. Meanwhile, renovation involves refreshing the appearance of the floor while maintaining its purpose.

To Wrap Up

Do you want to renovate your floors and enjoy a new look and feel? First, consider the state of your floor and whether it should be replaced, your budget, and your preferences. Then, hire a professional for the job and lay back as your old floor gets upgraded!

If you want to restore your old floors and breathe new life into them, set up a consultation with us now!

Flooring is a fundamental component of any property as it improves your interiors visually and physically. It's critical you learn everything about flooring maintenance to keep it in pristine condition for as long as possible.

To help you, we've created this guide to show you the processes involved in flooring maintenance, how they differ depending on flooring materials, and much more!

What Exactly Is Flooring Maintenance?

Any action that contributes to keeping your flooring in good condition falls under floor maintenance. It includes regular cleaning, polishing, repairing, and other activities that help extend the lifespan and preserve the appearance of your flooring.

What Does Flooring Maintenance Accomplish?

Following a regular maintenance schedule for your floors will reward you in a variety of ways. Here are a few benefits of routine upkeep:

What Actions Are Required in Maintaining Your Flooring?

Since floor maintenance entails several activities, we thought we'd outline them for you to help you take care of your flooring the right way:

1. Spills Should Be Wiped Up

Always clean up spills right away to avoid injuries or severe damage to the flooring material. Spills can cause the flooring to become slick, increasing the risk of slipping accidents. They can also turn into stubborn stains that discolour the flooring and oftentimes cause water damage.

2. Surface Dirt and Grit Should Be Removed

Sweeping debris or loose dirt particles every few days, especially in high-traffic areas, is an essential step in maintaining the flooring's surface. When dirt starts accumulating, it can scratch and scuff your flooring, damaging its finish and dulling its lustre.

3. Cleaning on a Regular Basis

You should clean the floors thoroughly, employing a combination of vacuuming, sweeping and mopping.

Not only does this help maintain a fresh look, but it also improves air quality by removing dust, which usually carries pathogens that aggravate allergies.

4. Damage Repair

Look for signs of damage, such as cracks, scratches, or even regular wear and tear. Repairing the affected parts is easier and cheaper when the damage is still in its early stages.

Aside from preserving the aesthetics of the flooring, fixing damaged areas allows you to avoid potential hazards caused by fractured parts.

5. Replacement of Dampened Areas

If you notice damp areas in the flooring—water stains or excessive moisture, for example—you must replace them immediately. Otherwise, waterlogged parts can spread to other areas and weaken the flooring, causing severe structural deterioration.

6. Restoration

Restoration plays a major role in boosting the flooring's resilience and longevity. Although the process varies depending on the material, it usually includes replacing damaged areas and refinishing worn-out parts. It also involves treatment processes like polishing, varnishing, and sanding.

Do Different Types of Flooring Need Different Levels of Maintenance?

Yes. There are various types and materials of flooring, each with its own maintenance requirements.

Here are some common flooring types, along with the highlights of their upkeep:

1.   Wood Floor Maintenance

If you have hardwood flooring, sweep it daily and hoover it thoroughly once a week to prevent dust particles from scratching the finish. Avoid using wet mops because wood is prone to absorbing moisture, and that could seriously damage it.

It's also important to refinish the flooring every three to five years to restore its glossy look.

2.   Carpet Maintenance

Carpet maintenance entails regular sweeping and cleaning. This prevents dust from accumulating in its fibres, which can trigger allergies and deteriorate the material.

You should also deep clean your carpets every six months. If you're not familiar with the process, hire a professional.

3.   Vinyl Floor Maintenance

With vinyl flooring, clean it with products that won't scratch the surface. You should vacuum it routinely, and when removing stains, use soft bristle brushes and steer clear of abrasive tools like steel wool.

4.   Laminate Floor Maintenance

Remember that the majority of laminate floors are water-resistant, not waterproof. This means you should avoid cleaning it with excessively wet mops, or you'll find the floor swelling and bubbling.

Just like with vinyl, use soft cleaning materials to protect the floor's surface from scratching or scuffing.

5.   Linoleum Floor Maintenance

Many of the upkeep requirements for wood flooring also apply to linoleum. You should sweep linoleum flooring daily to get rid of grit and any scratching particles. It's also best to clean it with a dry mop or a slightly damp one as this material absorbs moisture.

Additionally, linoleum needs polishing every now and then to maintain its durability and shiny appearance.

6.   Commercial Floor Maintenance

There are many hard-wearing flooring types used in commercial properties, so the upkeep process varies depending on the material installed.

However, commercial flooring maintenance generally includes constant cleaning, sweeping, and mopping as well as immediate replacement of worn-out parts.

Which Products Can You Use to Keep Your Flooring in Good Condition?

Each flooring material has its own distinct characteristics. Hence, the supplies used to maintain floorings will vary depending on the material.

To give you a general idea, here are three of the most widely used flooring care products:

  1. Microfiber Mop: A microfiber mop is made of superfine synthetic fibres woven together to clean surfaces without scratching them. It's suitable for most flooring types.
  2. pH-Neutral Floor Cleaner: pH-neutral floor cleaners have a nonhazardous pH range of 6.5 to 7.5 and don't cause damage or discolouration. They're suitable for everyday use on sensitive floorings such as hardwood, laminate, and linoleum.
  3. Flooring Finish: A floor finish is a transparent protective layer that improves the durability and appearance of certain flooring materials like wood. The types of finishes available differ depending on the flooring materials.

What Effects Do Different Conditions Have On Flooring Maintenance?

The flooring material isn't the only factor influencing how to care for your flooring. Different conditions and environments, such as those listed below, also impact its maintenance.

1. Busy and High Traffic

Increased foot traffic translates to more dust, grime, and wear brought on the flooring. That's why you'll need to clean busy areas frequently and deep-clean them periodically to remove embedded dirt.

It would also be ideal to apply a finish that protects the flooring surface if the material allows it.

2. Kids

With children present, the risk of spilling incidents increases, so you must be alert to such instances before they permanently ruin your flooring.

When applicable, apply stain and water-resistant coatings to mitigate the damage, such as a moisture-cure urethane finish for hardwood.

You should also be on the lookout for any damage and repair it immediately so kids can move around the house safely.

3. Pets

If you have furry friends around, you'll need to sweep more frequently to get rid of their fur, especially if you're allergic. If your flooring isn't scratch-resistant, we recommend applying a scratch-resistant finish or adding carpets to avoid scratches caused by your pet's nails.

4. Food

You should keep cleaning products on hand in areas where food spills are common, such as the kitchen. Mop the flooring with appropriate cleaning agents regularly to prevent spills from turning into stubborn stains.

5. Water

Water exposure can cause swelling, warping, and even mould growth in certain flooring materials. If your flooring isn't waterproof or only water resistant, keep it dry to avoid permanent damage.

6. Various Temperatures

Extreme temperatures can negatively affect some flooring types, and if this issue isn't addressed quickly, it can cause structural damage.

For example, when wood flooring is exposed to extreme heat and humidity for extended periods, it can develop splits that can be easily repaired before they progress to severe cracks.

Consequently, you must identify and prepare for the risks that your flooring type may face in certain weather conditions.

7. Sports

High-impact sports can lead to scuffs and dents in the flooring, so if it isn't impact-resistant, you'll need to add a layer of protection. This layer could be rubber flooring, which not only absorbs shock but also repels water.

8. Machinery

You should routinely inspect the flooring in factories and other buildings that house large machinery. This will allow you to identify damaged areas and repair them quickly before the weight of the machinery exacerbates the problem.

You might want to invest in protective mats to prevent permanent dents and scratches on the flooring surface caused by heavy equipment.

9. Outdoors

When exposed to elements such as sunlight and rain, your outdoor flooring could discolour and deteriorate. Keep an eye out for signs of wear and, if possible, apply a UV protection coating or a water-resistant layer to the flooring.

You should also clean the outdoor flooring constantly to prevent debris from building up.

10. Indoors

The flooring you have installed indoors will be subjected to spills, dust accumulation, and regular wear. To keep it in good condition, sweep, hoover and clean it regularly. You should also use furniture pads to prevent furniture from leaving dents in the flooring.

Do Different Flooring Brands Need Different Maintenance?

Yes, various flooring brands may have different maintenance requirements.

The type of flooring largely determines the level of upkeep required. However, different brands can produce materials with different properties and thus varying maintenance requirements. That's why you should always review the manufacturer's instructions.

How Long Will Your Flooring Last?

The lifespan of floorings mainly depends on their type and quality; they can last anywhere from five to 100 years.

Here are some of the most popular flooring types, along with their life expectancy:

  1. Wood: 30 – 100 years
  2. Carpet: 5 – 15 years
  3. Vinyl: 10 – 20 years
  4. Laminate: 15 – 25 years
  5. Linoleum: 20 – 40 years

Wrapping Up

You're now well-equipped with all the key information and major tips for properly maintaining your flooring!

Just remember that various flooring types necessitate different upkeep methods; what works for one may damage the other. Before using new maintenance techniques on your flooring, make sure to research their viability and consult the manufacturer's guidelines.

For professional flooring installation and upkeep, get in touch with Clever Carpets & Flooring. We'll be happy to assist!

Your flooring is a long-term investment that’ll last decades with proper care and make your home more comfortable, stylish, and inviting. But even with regular maintenance, it’ll wear out and fade over time, looking unsightly on your property. And while you can replace it, flooring restoration is a more affordable option.

Restoring your floors removes scratches, dents, stains, and other imperfections, making them look new again, more resistant to damage, and extending their lifespan by many years. And the best part is that you can choose different finishes or designs to create a space that shows off your style.

We’ll discuss all you need to know about flooring restoration, from the benefits and steps involved to the types of floors that can be restored. We’ll also determine the costs and whether it needs professionals or a simple DIY approach to help you better understand the process.

What Is Flooring Restoration?

It’s renewing old or damaged floors to return their original beauty by sanding, staining, and polishing. It’s like giving your old floors a makeover without installing new flooring, making it more affordable.

What Are the Benefits of Restoring Old Flooring?

The main benefit is your old worn-out floor will look brand new, increasing your home's value and making you more comfortable hosting guests. Here are some other benefits of restoring old flooring:

What Is the Flooring Restoration Process?

Restoring your flooring is a delicate project that you need to handle with precision to avoid further damage and costly repairs. Here are the steps for flooring restoration:

  1. Clean the flooring to remove dirt, dust, or debris: Sweep or vacuum your floors to prevent particles from disrupting the restoration process.
  2. Sand your floors: Start with coarse-grit sandpaper and work your way up to medium-grit and then fine-grit, removing the old finish and revealing the fresh wood underneath.
  3. Fill any gaps: Fill the gaps between the boards using a suitable filler to create a smooth, even surface.
  4. Stain the floors to change the colour: There are many different stains available, so choose one that matches your decor.
  5. Apply the finish: This protects the wood and gives it a beautiful shine.

What Type of Flooring Can Be Restored?

You can recondition different types of flooring, from wooden to laminate, at a lower cost than buying new floors. Here are some examples:

Restoring Wood Flooring

Restoring wood flooring involves rejuvenating old wood floors through sanding, staining, and sealing or simply buffing for a shiny finish. To know when your wooden floors need reconditioning, keep an eye out for scratches, fading, discolouration, or a worn finish. And watch out for any warping caused by moisture.

Here are the types of wood flooring you can restore:

Restoring wood flooring is all about bringing back that fresh look, but the process can change depending on the floor type and how much work it needs. Still, follow these basic steps:

  1. Vacuum the floors to remove dirt, dust, and debris that may interfere with the process.
  2. Sand the floors to remove the old finish and any damaged wood.
  3. Fill the cracks or holes with wood filler or epoxy.
  4. Stain the floor to add colour and character.
  5. Seal the floor to prevent scratches, fading, and water damage.

Restoring Floorboards

Renewing floorboards improves the condition of old or damaged boards through sanding, staining, and sealing. If your floorboards are damaged, faded, or outdated, reconditioning will make them beautiful and last longer. You can recondition the following types of floorboards:

Consider the following steps for rejuvenating your floorboards:

  1. Sand down the board to remove the old finish.
  2. If the damage is too deep, you'll need to replace the affected boards.
  3. Fill in any cracks or holes using epoxy or wood filling.
  4. Stain or paint the wood to add colour and character.
  5. Seal the wood to protect the floorboard from moisture and wear.

Restoring Laminate Flooring

Laminate flooring can be refurbished by cleaning, repairing, and sealing, removing damage and making your floors look new again. Plastic laminate flooring can’t be repaired, so it has to be replaced. However, you can fix engineered wood laminate, making it a more sustainable choice.

Follow these steps to renew your laminate flooring:

  1. Vacuum the flooring to clean dirt and debris, or use a laminate-specific cleaner.
  2. Fill in scratches or holes with a laminate repair kit.
  3. Lightly sand the floor to smoothen the surface.
  4. Apply a new coat of laminate finish.

Restoring Stone Flooring

Resurfacing your stone floors involves cleaning, polishing, and sealing to make them look brand new. You can reclaim the following types of stone flooring:

Take these steps to give your stone flooring new life:

  1. Clean the floor with a mild soap solution or a professional-grade cleaner.
  2. Polish the flooring with fine-grit sandpaper or a polishing compound to remove blemishes.
  3. Fill any cracks or chips to prevent more damage.
  4. Seal with a protective sealant.

Restoring Tile Flooring

This involves renewing the appearance of old or worn-out tile surfaces by cleaning, regrouting, and resealing. If your tiles look dull, dirty, cracked, or chipped, you may need to restore them before the damage worsens. The following types of tile flooring can be restored:

Here are basic steps to help rejuvenate your tile flooring:

  1. Clean the floors with mild detergent and water.
  2. Repair or replace damaged or broken tiles.
  3. Replace the old grout with a new one.
  4. Polish the tiles to restore their shine.

Restoring Concrete Flooring

This is renewing old, damaged, or stained concrete to make your floors look better and prevent them from further damage. If your concrete looks dull, stained, or cracked, you may need to rejuvenate it by staining, polishing, and coating. Here are the types of concrete flooring you can refurbish:

The following steps will help you renew your floors’ appearance:

  1. Sweep the floors to remove dirt and debris.
  2. Use concrete patching material to repair holes or cracks.
  3. Grind the concrete surface to make it smooth.
  4. Apply concrete sealer to protect the floors from damage.
  5. Polish the floor to give it a glossy finish.

How Long Will the Restoration Last Before It Needs Redoing?

Anywhere from 10 to 50 years. The following factors influence how long your restoration project will last:

How Much Does Flooring Restoration Cost?

Restoration usually costs £13 to £25 per square meter. Still, the actual cost varies depending on the floor's size, the wood's condition, the type of restoration required, and the level of service you need.

A larger floor will cost more to restore than a smaller one because it requires more materials and labour. Plus, if you use poor-quality wood flooring, it may require more restoration, increasing the cost. And if you need experienced professionals to renew your floors, it will cost you more.

The type of restoration you need will also affect the total cost because sanding and refinishing your flooring is more affordable than replacing damaged boards.

Do You Need a Professional, or Can You DIY?

That depends on the extent of damage and your experience level. If your floors need light reconditioning, you may DIY the project. But if there’s so much damage, you should hire professionals. In general, it’s always best to hire experts because these projects are delicate and involve working with power tools.

Here’s a table showing the pros and cons of hiring a professional for flooring rejuvenation:

ProsCons
Professionals have the skills, knowledge, and experience to handle different flooring materials and restoration techniquesHiring a professional is expensive, especially for larger restoration projects
Professionals will complete the job quickly, freeing up your time for other important tasksCoordinating with a professional's availability and your schedule may be challenging
Flooring experts have access to specialised tools and equipment for efficient resultsFinding a reliable and skilled professional may require research to ensure you hire the right person or company  
Professionals offer tailored solutions and advice based on your specific needs and preferencesMiscommunication or misunderstandings may occur, leading to dissatisfaction with the results
Reputable professionals often provide warranties or guarantees for their work, giving you peace of mind in case of damages during the projectResearch and Selection: Finding a reliable and skilled professional may require some research to ensure you hire the right person or company.
Hiring professionals ensures the restoration follows safety guidelines and meets building codes.Some homeowners prefer to be directly involved in the restoration process, which may not be possible

Here’s a table showing the pros and cons of DIY flooring rejuvenation:

ProsCons
Cost savingTime-consuming
Sense of accomplishmentRisk of mistakes and damage
Control over the processLimited expertise and tools
Flexibility in schedulingPhysical labour and exhaustion
Personalisation and creativityPotential for uneven results
Learning experienceNo warranty or professional guarantee
Opportunity to increase home valueLack of professional finish
Tailored to specific needsPotential for exposure to harmful chemicals
Ability to work at your own paceMay require additional help

What Happens if My Current Flooring Can’t Be Restored?

You’ll have to buy new flooring. It may sound disappointing, but new flooring allows you to choose a fresh look and upgrade your space to your liking. As you shop for the best flooring, you’ll need to consider your budget, the style of your home, and the amount of maintenance you're willing to provide.

Conclusion

Flooring restoration is a great way to breathe new life into your old floors and make your home the best place to be. Before you start sanding your floorboards, consider the benefits of a professional finish to your property. And since it’s a delicate process, DIY may cause more damage than you’d think.


If you’re ready to bring your floors back to life, contact us today for a free estimate and learn more about your options.

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