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Starting a wood flooring renovation can give your home a fresh and updated look. In this article, we'll explain everything you need to know about wood flooring renovation.

We'll tell you when it's time to consider refinishing your floors, the benefits it brings, and the process involved.

We'll also discuss the costs, whether to do it yourself or hire a pro, the decision between renovation and new flooring, and how long your renovated floors might last.

Plus, we'll share tips on caring for your floors once they're finished, changing the colour post-renovation, and if it's possible to renovate other types of flooring.

Finally, we'll clarify the difference between renovating, repairing, and restoring wood floors. Get ready to see how a wood floor upgrade can benefit your home.

wood flooring renovation benefits process cost care

What Is Wood Flooring Renovation?

Wood floor renovation is the process of restoring and revitalising worn or damaged wood flooring to improve its appearance and extend its lifespan.

  1. Assessment: A professional will evaluate the condition of the floor to determine the best course of action, which may include sanding, staining, sealing, or repairs.
  2. Sanding: A sanding machine removes the old finish and surface imperfections to create a smooth base for the new finish.
  3. Repairs: Gaps, cracks, or damaged boards are addressed using wood filler or replacements to ensure a level and uniform surface.
  4. Staining (Optional): A stain can be applied to alter the colour of the wood or even out inconsistencies, adding a touch of personalisation.
  5. Sealing: A protective finish, such as polyurethane or varnish, is applied to shield the floor from wear and tear, moisture, and stains.

When Should You Consider Wood Flooring Renovation?

You should consider wood flooring renovation when your floor shows signs of wear and tear or damage or when you want to update its appearance.

  1. Visible Damage: If your floor has scratches, dents, or boards that are splitting or warping, it’s time to think about renovating. Damage not only affects how the floor looks but can also lead to further deterioration and potential safety hazards if not addressed.
  2. Dull or Worn Finish: When the floor loses its shine and protective coating, a renovation can restore its lustre. A dull finish can make even the cleanest floors look unclean and old, which is something a fresh coat of finish can fix.
  3. Squeaking Boards: Persistent noises are often a sign that the floor needs some attention. Squeaks usually mean that the boards are loose or the subfloor has issues, both of which can be rectified during the renovation process.
  4. Updates to Decor: If you’re changing your home’s style or want a new wood colour, renovating the floor can be part of the update. A change in wood stain or the type of finish can majorly affect your room’s overall look, tying in with your new design theme.
  5. Before Selling a Home: Renovated floors can increase your home’s value and appeal to potential buyers. A floor in good condition often makes a strong first impression, which can be a deciding factor during a sale.

What Are The Benefits Of Wood Flooring Renovation?

Renovating your wood flooring not only refreshes the look of your space but also brings a host of other advantages. In this section, we'll explore the various perks of giving your wood floors some much-needed TLC.

Improved Appearance

A renovation transforms an old, worn floor into a stunning surface that makes the whole room look better.

Enhanced Durability

By addressing current wear and applying a new finish, your floor will be better equipped to handle daily traffic.

Extended Lifespan

Proper renovation can significantly prolong the life of your wood floors, delaying the need for complete replacement.

Increased Property Value

Attractive and well-maintained wood floors can boost the overall value of your property.

Health and Hygiene Improvement

Refinished floors are easier to clean and reduce the likelihood of allergens accumulating in cracks and crevices.

Customisation Options

Renovation offers the chance to change the colour and finish of your floor to better suit your tastes or new design trends.


Renovating is often more affordable than replacing your wood flooring entirely while still achieving a like-new appearance.

Environmental Benefits

By renovating instead of replacing, you contribute to reduced waste and resource consumption.

Preservation of Character

For historic homes, renovating the original wood floors can maintain the authenticity and charm that new materials simply can't replicate.

Is Wood Flooring Renovation Worth It?

Yes, depending on your situation, wood flooring renovation can be a valuable investment. It enhances the floor's beauty, increases its lifespan, and can boost home value, all at a lower cost than full replacement.

How Do You Tell If You Need Wood Flooring Renovation?

Determining if you need wood flooring renovation involves identifying signs of wear and age that compromise the floor's appearance and integrity.

  1. Deep scratches or gouges.
  2. Fading or discolouration from sunlight or spills.
  3. Warped, cupped, or buckled wood planks.
  4. Squeaking or loose floorboards.
  5. Worn-out finish that no longer repels water.
  6. Numerous stains or marks that can't be cleaned.
  7. A desire to update the floor's colour or style.

What Is The Wood Flooring Renovation Process?

The wood flooring renovation process involves several key steps to ensure the floor is restored to its former glory or updated to meet current design preferences.

  1. Inspection and Assessment: The floor is thoroughly examined to determine the extent of the work needed. This step identifies which areas require repairs and the condition of the flooring and helps in planning the subsequent phases of the renovation.
  2. Preparation: The area is prepared by moving furniture, securing loose nails, and ensuring the workspace is clean and clear. Good preparation is crucial to a smooth renovation process, as it prevents damage to surrounding areas and lays the groundwork for efficient work.
  3. Sanding: The floor is sanded down to remove the old finish and smooth out imperfections. Sanding strips away layers of dirt, grime, and old varnish, revealing the raw wood beneath and providing a clean slate for refinishing.
  4. Repairs: Any damaged boards are repaired or replaced, and gaps or cracks are filled. Addressing damage ensures the integrity and evenness of the floor, which is essential for both appearance and safety.
  5. Staining: If desired, a stain is applied to the wood to change its colour or enhance its natural grain. Staining is an optional but popular step for personalising the look of the floor to match a new interior design.
  6. Sealing: A protective finish is applied to seal the wood, providing a layer of defence against wear and tear. The sealant, often polyurethane or a similar durable product, acts as a barrier to protect the wood from scratches, stains, and moisture.
  7. Curing and Drying: The floor is left to dry and cure, a process that can take several days, depending on the products used. Proper curing is essential for the longevity of the floor's finish, and it’s important to avoid walking on the floor during this period.
  8. Final Inspection: A final check is done to ensure the quality of the work and that the floor meets the expected standard.

How Much Does Wood Flooring Renovation Cost?

The average cost of wood flooring renovation in the UK can range from £25 to £50 per square metre, with a total project cost for a 20 sqm room costing approximately £500. Here are some additional factors that can influence the cost:

Should You DIY Or Hire A Professional?

Yes, you should DIY if you have the necessary tools, skills, and time to commit to the project. No, you don't need to DIY if you're unsure about the process or desire a professional-quality finish.

wood flooring renovation benefits process cost care


Hiring a Professional

Should You Renovate Your Flooring Or Just Buy New Flooring?

Whether to renovate or buy new flooring depends on the condition of your current floors, budget constraints, and desired results.

Renovation is a good choice if the structure is sound but the surface needs refreshing, whereas new flooring is ideal when extensive damage or a complete style overhaul is required. Choose based on the cost, expected outcome, and whether preserving the existing material is a priority.

How Long Does Wood Flooring Renovation Last?

A well-done wood flooring renovation typically lasts between 10 to 20 years, but with proper care and maintenance, it can extend beyond that range.

The longevity of a renovated wood floor greatly depends on factors such as the amount of wear it receives, the type of wood, the quality of the refinishing products, and the diligence of regular maintenance.

Consistent care and minor touch-ups over the years can significantly extend the life of your renovated floors.

How Do You Care For Newly Renovated Wood Flooring?

  1. Use furniture pads to prevent scratches.
  2. Keep the floor clean with regular sweeping or vacuuming.
  3. Clean spills immediately.
  4. Use only cleaners suitable for wood floors.
  5. Maintain a stable indoor humidity level.
  6. Refrain from wearing high heels or heavy boots on the floor.

Can You Change Floor Colours After Wood Flooring Renovation?

Yes, but it usually involves sanding the floor again and applying a new stain, which can be labour-intensive and costly.

Can Other Types Of Flooring Be Renovated?

Yes, various types of flooring, such as tile, concrete, and even some pieces of vinyl, can be renovated to refresh their appearance.

What Is The Difference Between Wood Flooring Renovation And Repair

Renovation is a thorough process that refreshes and revitalises the entire floor's appearance, while repair addresses specific damaged areas.

What Is The Difference Between Wood Flooring Renovation And Restoration

Renovation often involves significant changes to the floor's finish or colour, whereas restoration aims to preserve and maintain the floor's original state.

The Verdict

In conclusion, taking on a wood flooring renovation is a smart move to elevate the condition and appearance of your home.

If your wood floors show signs of age, such as scratches and a dull finish, or if you're just looking to update the look to match a new decor style, renovation can be a worthwhile investment.

Remember, well-renovated wood floors not only look great but can also enhance the durability and lifespan of your flooring, potentially adding value to your property.

By considering all the factors we've outlined—from the process and benefits to the cost and care—you're now equipped with the knowledge to make an informed decision.

If you're ready to breathe new life into your floors, or if you're still on the fence about whether to renovate or replace, getting professional advice can make all the difference.Reach out to us at the ultimate flooring company so we can assess the state of your floors and provide a tailored solution.

Wood flooring restoration is a process aimed at bringing old, worn-out floors back to life. Not only can it improve the look of your home, but it also adds value and extends the life of your flooring.

It involves several steps, such as repair, sanding, staining, and finishing, which together can transform a dull surface into an attractive and durable one.

This guide will cover everything you need to know about restoring wood floors, including the different types you can restore, the steps involved, the costs, and the benefits.

Wood flooring restoration refinishing repairs staining deep cleaning

What Is Wood Flooring Restoration?

Wood flooring restoration is the process of returning worn or damaged wooden floors to their original condition.

This practice involves several specific features: sanding down the top layers to remove scratches and dents, filling in gaps or fixing loose planks, and finishing the surface with a sealant to protect it from future wear and tear.

The exact approach can vary depending on the type of wood, the extent of the damage, and the desired outcome, with some restorations including staining to alter the colour or using specialised techniques to maintain historical authenticity in older buildings.

What Are The Different Types Of Wood Flooring Restoration?

While exploring the variety of wood flooring restoration methods, you’ll find several approaches, each suited to different kinds of damage and aesthetic goals. From repairing minor scratches to a complete overhaul, the summary below outlines these distinct techniques.


Refinishing is the process of renewing the surface layer of a wooden floor to restore its appearance. This method is commonly used when the floor's finish has dulled or has minor surface scratches, but the wood underneath remains in good condition.

It involves sanding the floor to remove the old finish and applying a new layer of varnish or lacquer, which revives the floor's shine and provides a layer of protection.


Repairs to wooden flooring often involve mending damaged areas such as scratches, gouges, or split boards. This technique is employed when there are isolated problems with the floor that don't require a full refinish.

Depending on the issue, this might include filling scratches with wood filler, replacing individual boards, or securing loose planks to ensure the floor's integrity and appearance are maintained.


Staining involves applying a coloured tint to wood flooring to alter its appearance and enhance its natural grain. This option is ideal for when a change in the colour or enhancement of the existing hue is desired.

The process includes selecting a suitable stain that complements the type of wood and the room's decor, followed by even application and sealing for a durable finish.

Deep Cleaning

Deep cleaning is a non-invasive method to refresh wood flooring by removing built-up dirt and grime. It’s suitable for floors that are fundamentally in good shape but have a layer of stubborn dirt or old wax coatings. Also, the process involves the use of specialised cleaning solutions and equipment designed to lift dirt without damaging the wood, thus enhancing the floor's natural beauty.

Buffing and Polishing

Buffing and polishing is the act of shining the wood floor's surface by smoothing it with abrasive materials. It’s ideal for dealing with light scratches and scuffs or to simply bring a dull floor back to life. The process typically includes gently abrading the floor's finish with a buffing pad and then applying polish for a glossy, protective finish.

Water Damage

Restoring wood flooring from water damage involves repairing the harm caused by moisture and liquid exposure. This is necessary when floors have discoloured, warped, or buckled due to excessive moisture.

The process requires steps such as removing the damaged boards, ensuring the subfloor is dry and free from mould, and then installing new matching wood planks before refinishing the entire affected area to ensure uniformity.

Full Restoration

A full restoration encompasses a thorough overhaul of wood flooring to bring it back to its original or even better state. This comprehensive process is required in cases of extensive damage or when revitalising historical floors. It can include a combination of repairs, sanding, staining, and refinishing to address all issues and achieve a consistent, high-quality finish across the entire floor.


Residential wood flooring restoration refers to renewing the wooden floors within a home setting. This service caters to private houses where the floor might have suffered from daily use and needs attention to bring back its warmth and character.

It often involves techniques such as sanding, staining, and sealing to ensure the floor is both beautiful and durable for everyday family life.


Commercial wood flooring restoration targets the refurbishment of wooden floors in business environments, which often face heavy foot traffic.

Such spaces demand durable solutions that can withstand the rigours of daily operations. Hence, this service frequently involves robust repair methods and industrial-grade finishes.

Sometimes, you might need a custom approach to accommodate the specific needs of different types of commercial spaces like offices, restaurants, or retail stores.


Industrial wood flooring restoration is the process of revamping wood floors in high-demand environments, such as factories or warehouses.

These floors require a hard-wearing restoration capable of enduring heavy machinery and intense usage. As a result, the service typically includes reinforcing the flooring structure, applying durable finishes, and using materials and methods designed to offer longevity and easy maintenance under tough conditions.

What Is The Wood Flooring Restoration Process?

The wood flooring restoration process is a series of steps taken to repair and revitalise an existing wooden floor.

  1. Assessment of Damage: An initial inspection is carried out to determine the extent of the damage and the appropriate restoration method. This involves looking at the overall condition of the floor, identifying problem areas, and deciding whether a simple repair, full refinish, or other restoration methods are required.
  2. Preparation of the Area: The space is prepared by removing furniture and rugs and ensuring the work area is clear. This step is crucial for providing access to the entire flooring surface and protecting the home or business's contents from dust and debris during the restoration.
  3. Sanding: The floor is sanded down to remove the old finish, level out the wood, and smooth out imperfections. Sanding removes damaged layers and prepares the wood for a new finish. It’s often done using progressively finer grits for a smooth base.
  4. Repairs: Any necessary repairs, such as fixing loose planks or filling in gaps, are carried out. This may include replacing damaged boards, securing squeaky boards, and using wood putty to fill in minor gaps or dents.
  5. Staining (if applicable): A stain is applied to the wood to achieve the desired colour. This step is optional and depends on whether a change in the wood's appearance is desired. It involves careful application to guarantee even coverage.
  6. Finishing: A protective finish such as varnish, lacquer, or oil is applied to seal the wood and provide a durable top layer. The finish not only enhances the floor's beauty but also acts as a barrier against future wear, spills, and stains.
  7. Polishing: The final touch involves buffing and polishing the floor to a desired sheen. This enhances the shine and provides a smooth, attractive surface, completing the restoration process.
  8. Cleanup and Furniture Replacement: When the finish is completely dry, cleanup is performed and furniture is moved back into place. Ensuring the area is clean and free of any restoration residue is essential before the space is returned to its original setup.

Should You DIY Or Hire A Professional?

Yes, you should consider hiring a professional if your wood flooring requires extensive work or you’re not confident in your DIY skills. But you might not need to if the damage is minimal and you have the necessary tools and expertise to carry out the job effectively.

Pros of DIY:

Cons of DIY:

Pros of Hiring a Professional:

Cons of Hiring a Professional:

Wood flooring restoration refinishing repairs staining deep cleaning

How Much Does Wood Flooring Restoration Cost?

The cost of wood flooring restoration can vary widely based on factors such as the extent of the damage, the type of wood, and the size of the area. Typically, you can expect a range of prices that account for minor touch-ups to full-scale restorations, with professional services costing more due to their expertise and equipment.

How Much Does It Cost for DIY Wood Flooring Restoration?

DIY wood flooring restoration typically incurs costs ranging from £100 to £500, with the total expense influenced by the project's scope and choice of materials.

The overall price tag can climb with an increase in the floor's square footage, the severity of wear or damage to be addressed, the quality of restoration products chosen, and whether specialist tools need to be rented or purchased.

Additional supplies required for the task, such as sandpaper, brushes, and cleaning agents, also contribute to the final cost.

How Much Does It Cost for Professional Wood Flooring Restoration?

Professional wood flooring restoration typically ranges from £500 to several thousand pounds.

This price reflects the experts' proficiency in handling various conditions of deterioration and the specific requirements of different wood types, with extensive restorations in larger areas commanding the higher end of the spectrum.

The cost will also incorporate the superior grade of materials used, the cutting-edge equipment employed, and the value of the skilled labour involved in ensuring a top-quality finish.

What Are The Benefits Of Wood Flooring Restoration?

Benefits of Wood Flooring Restoration:

How Do You Tell If You Need Wood Flooring Restoration?

You may need wood flooring restoration if you notice visible wear and tear, such as deep scratches, dents, or discolouration on your wooden floors.

A dull or faded finish, boards that creak or move when walked upon, and any signs of water damage like warping or buckling are further indicators that restoration is required.

Additionally, if your floor has lost its sheen or its finishes are peeling or flaking away, these are clear signs that it's time to consider restoring your wood flooring to protect both its functionality and aesthetic appeal.

How Long Does Wood Flooring Restoration Last?

The longevity of a wood flooring restoration can last anywhere from 10 to 20 years, depending on various factors.

The lifespan of a restored floor is influenced by the quality of the restoration work, the amount of foot traffic it receives, and how well it's maintained over time.

Using high-grade materials and finishes, and adhering to regular cleaning and maintenance routines, can help ensure that a restored wooden floor remains in excellent condition for many years.

Moreover, the specific type of wood and the conditions it's exposed to, such as direct sunlight or moisture, will also play a significant role in determining the duration of the restoration's effectiveness.

Should You Restore Your Flooring Or Just Buy New Flooring?

Whether to restore your flooring or purchase new flooring depends on the condition of your current floors, budget, and aesthetic preferences.

Restoration might be the best option if your wood floors are generally in good shape and have historical value, or you're seeking a cost-effective solution that retains the original character of your home.

On the other hand, buying new flooring could be the way to go if your current floors are extensively damaged, you desire a completely new look, or the restoration costs approach those of new flooring.

Can You Restore Other Types Of Flooring?

Yes, other flooring types like tile, laminate, and vinyl can be restored. These materials can often be cleaned, polished, or refinished to improve their appearance and extend their life, though the specific methods and outcomes vary compared to wood.


Remember that restoring your wooden floors can breathe new life into your space, enhancing both its aesthetics and functionality. Reflect on the condition of your floors and consider the types of restoration available, weighing the benefits against the cost and effort required for both DIY and professional solutions.
If you recognise signs of wear or damage that detract from your floor's beauty or functionality, take action. Reach out to The Ultimate Flooring to discuss your options today.

Wood flooring refinishing is not just a maintenance tactic, but a transformative improvement. In this concise guide, we explore the many advantages of rejuvenating your hardwood floors, including aesthetics and durability, and why this update is essential.

From addressing wear and tear to enhancing visual appeal and safeguarding its longevity, we'll also outline the meticulous refinishing process, discussing costs and whether to DIY or seek professionals.

Alternative solutions to refurbish tired planks will be compared, ensuring you have all the knowledge for an informed decision. Let's dive into the world of hardwood floor restoration and discover how to renew your space with this essential home investment.

What Is Wood Flooring Refinishing?

Wood flooring refinishing is a renewal technique that involves sanding away the top layer of hardwood floors to remove scratches and stains, then applying fresh stain and sealant to restore the floor's original beauty and protect it against future damage.

After the initial sanding, any remaining imperfections are smoothed out, ensuring a uniform surface. 

The next step allows for customisation: staining. Homeowners can choose to either maintain the natural hue of the wood or alter it to a new shade that complements updated interior design themes.

Once the desired colour is achieved, several layers of sealant are applied. These sealants vary from polyurethane, which offers a hard-wearing coat with various sheen options, to oil-based finishes that penetrate deeper into the wood for enhanced protection.

The result of wood flooring refinishing is not only a pristine surface but also one that's fortified against additional wear. This process effectively extends the life of the floor by adding layers of resistance to the wood while reviving its aesthetic appeal. It's a smart investment for those looking to rejuvenate their hardwood floors without the significant expense and inconvenience of complete replacement.

What Are The Benefits Of Wood Flooring Refinishing?

Refinishing wood flooring enhances durability, revitalises its appearance, increases home value, and is a cost-effective alternative to floor replacement, while also allowing customisation and providing environmental benefits through the preservation of existing materials.

Why Would You Want Wood Flooring Refinishing?

Refinishing hardwood floors is a savvy solution for homeowners keen on upgrading their interiors. But why? Let’s look at some of the incentives for undertaking a wood floor overhaul.

Renew Worn Wood

Refinishing breathes new life into worn wood, eradicating years of use, and revealing a fresh, untouched surface underneath that’s ready for years more of family life and foot traffic.

Protect for Longevity

Applying a new finish serves as a protective shield for your timber floors, safeguarding against future wear and tear and maintaining structural integrity for a prolonged lifespan.

Enhance Appearance

A refinish can dramatically transform a room by enhancing the natural beauty of the wood, bringing out the richness of the grain and giving your entire space a facelift.

Repair Scratches & Stains

Refinishing effectively removes unsightly blemishes such as scratches and stains, restoring the wood’s surface to a pristine, like-new state, free from visual imperfections.

Change Colour If Desired

Opting to refinish gives you the flexibility to change the colour of your wood floors, allowing you to adapt to new design trends or personal preference shifts without replacing the flooring.

Increase Resale Value

Polished and well-maintained wooden floors can significantly elevate the market appeal of your home, potentially increasing resale value by presenting a move-in-ready surface to prospective buyers.

Cost-effective Option

Refinishing your existing wood floors is often more affordable than a full replacement, providing a budget-friendly way to achieve a high-end look and feel.

Sustainable Practice

Choosing to refinish rather than replace reduces waste and resource consumption, supporting environmental sustainability by preserving the existing material.

Fix Water Damage

Refinishing can rectify the effects of water damage, removing stains and warps in the timbers to restore the floor’s original flat, smooth surface and prevent further deterioration.

What Is The Process Of Wood Flooring Refinishing?

Embarking on the journey to restore your wooden flooring involves a meticulous, multi-step procedure designed to revitalise your wooden surfaces. Let's walk you through the stages of the hardwood floor refinishing process, from initial prep work to the final polish.


Preparation is the critical first step involving cleaning and clearing the area before refinishing begins.

  1. Remove furniture and rugs from the room.
  2. Clean the floor of any dirt or debris.
  3. Ensure the workspace is well-ventilated.
  4. Patch any cracks or holes in the flooring.
  5. Tape off baseboards and vents to prevent dust infiltration.


Sanding strips the old finish and smoothens the wood surface.

  1. Begin with coarse-grit sandpaper.
  2. Progress to medium-grit sandpaper.
  3. Finish with fine-grit sandpaper for a smooth texture.
  4. Use hand-held sanders for hard-to-reach areas.


Edging addresses the areas that the larger sanders can't reach, along the room's perimeter.

  1. Use an edge sander around the room's perimeter.
  2. Blend the edge work into the main floor area.

Vacuuming and Tack Cloth

Vacuuming and tack cloth use ensure removal of all dust and debris post-sanding.

  1. Thoroughly vacuum the floor and surrounding areas.
  2. Wipe the floor with a tack cloth to pick up residual dust.

Staining (Optional)

Staining is an optional step to add colour or enhance the natural wood grain.

  1. Apply chosen stain evenly to the wood.
  2. Wipe off excess stains.
  3. Allow the stain to dry completely.


Sealing protects the wood and gives it a finished look.

  1. Apply the first coat of sealant or finish.
  2. Sand lightly after the first coat dries.
  3. Apply subsequent coats as necessary.


Drying is the phase where the sealant or finish must harden enough for light use. Allow the floor to dry as per the sealant’s specified time.


Curing is the complete hardening of the finish, ensuring it achieves full durability.

  1. Avoid heavy furniture placement for the specified curing time.
  2. Keep foot traffic to a minimum during this period.

Final Touches

Before wrapping up, it’s good to inspect and perfect the floor's appearance.

  1. Inspect the floor for any missed spots or imperfections.
  2. Apply touch-ups if necessary.
  3. Remove all tape and protective coverings.


Cleanup involves returning the space to its usable state post-refinishing.

  1. Vacuum and clean the area again to remove any remaining dust.
  2. Move furniture and rugs back into the room.
  3. Dispose of all waste materials appropriately.

What Is The Cost Of Wood Flooring Refinishing?

The cost of wood flooring refinishing typically ranges from £5 to £30 per square meter. However, several factors can influence this price range, resulting in variations that could affect the final cost.

Price variations can be attributed to the following:

  1. Size of the Area: Larger areas generally reduce the cost per square metre due to economies of scale.
  2. Condition of the Floor: Floors with extensive damage, such as deep scratches, warping, or water damage, may require more intensive labour, which can increase the cost.
  3. Type of Finishing Products Used: High-end sealants, stains, and finishes often come with a higher price tag.
  4. Complexity of the Job: Features like intricate patterns, tight corners, or stairs can make the job more complex and time-consuming.
  5. Geographical Location: Prices can differ based on where in the UK the property is located, with higher costs often found in London and the Southeast.
  6. Labour Costs: Rates can vary significantly depending on the professionals hired and whether the business is a large company or an independent contractor.
  7. Additional Services: Tasks such as moving furniture, removing old flooring, and repairing significant damage can add to the overall cost.

We recommend you to get multiple quotes from different service providers to understand the potential cost for your specific project.

Additionally, some professionals offer a complete cost on a per-job basis rather than per square metre, which can sometimes provide better value, especially for smaller or more complex jobs.

Should You DIY Or Ask For Professional Help?

No, in most cases, it’s better to get professional help for such a job rather than doing it yourself, as you could find some budget-friendly options that can save you plenty of time and effort while ensuring a high-quality finish.

But of course, this also comes down to your exact situation, your budget, and how much work you’re willing to do. Here are the ups and downs of each option.

Wood flooring refinishing benefits process cost

DIY Refinishing

Saves money on labour costsRequires a significant time investment
Full control over the project timelinePotential for mistakes that can be costly to fix
Ability to work at your own paceMight need to rent or buy the necessary equipment
Physical labour can be intensive

Professional Refinishing

Expertise and experience ensure high-quality resultsMore expensive due to labour costs
Professional-grade equipment for a uniform and durable finishScheduling might not be as flexible, depending on availability
Saves time and effort; the job is completed more quicklyYou have less control over the process
Professionals can spot and address unexpected issues during the process

Are There Other Options to Fix Old or Worn Wood Flooring?

Yes, there are other methods to rejuvenate old or worn wood floors. This section will explore alternatives to refinishing, including resealing, refurbishing, restoring, and sanding, providing insights into the best solutions for various flooring issues.

Refinish vs Reseal

Resealing involves applying a new topcoat to existing finished floors without sanding down to the wood.

Resealing is best suited for floors that are still in good condition but need a fresh protective layer. It's less labour-intensive than refinishing and can often be done as a DIY project. However, it won't fix deep scratches or other significant damage – for that, full refinishing is needed.

Refinish vs Refurbish

Refurbishing typically refers to light cleaning and adding a new topcoat, often without sanding.

This process is ideal for floors with minimal wear. It refreshes the floor's look and adds a layer of protection but doesn't address deeper blemishes or wear patterns that might be present, which refinishing would resolve.

Refinish vs Restore

Restoration is repairing and returning a floor to its original condition, which may include refinishing.

Floor restoration can encompass a variety of repairs, such as fixing boards or addressing water damage, and often concludes with refinishing. It's a comprehensive approach for floors with extensive damage that require more than just aesthetic attention.

Refinish vs Sanding

Sanding is just one component of the refinishing process, where the floor's surface is smoothed.

Sanding alone removes the old finish and evens out the surface but doesn't provide the protective sealant that refinishing does. It's a preparatory step that needs to be followed by staining and sealing to complete the restoration of the floor's appearance and durability.

Refinish vs Buying New Flooring

Choosing to install new flooring is often considered when refinishing is no longer viable due to extreme damage or when a completely different look or type of flooring is desired.

While it offers the opportunity to entirely transform a space, it's typically the most costly and disruptive option, requiring significant time for installation and acclimatisation.

Refinishing, on the other hand, retains the original wood while updating its appearance and is generally more cost-effective and less wasteful.


Wood flooring refinishing is an effective way to revive your home's aesthetic, enhance the longevity of your floors, and potentially increase your property's value.

We've explored the reasons to consider refinishing, such as renewing worn wood, repairing damage, and embracing sustainability. The process, detailed in steps from preparation to cleanup, while cost-effective, varies based on several factors such as the floor's condition and labour expenses.

Ready to restore your floor's former glory? Take action now — consult with professional floor refinishers to discuss your options and begin your journey toward a renewed living space.

Wood flooring sanding, also referred to as wood floor refinishing, is the multi-step process of smoothing and preparing the surface of existing wood flooring in order to renew its appearance.

When old floors become faded, scratched, or discoloured over years of use, wood flooring sanding offers a way to restore them to their former glory.

This comprehensive guide will cover everything you need to know about revitalising tired hardwood floors through proper sanding techniques.

We’ll discuss the range of benefits sanding provides, from removing minor imperfections and addressing heavy wear to enhancing natural wood grain. 

We’ll also provide typical costs for professional UK-based services, look at whether DIY or hired help is advisable, and explore alternatives beyond sanding that can also fix damaged wood floors.

What is Wood Flooring Sanding?

Wood floor sanding is the process of removing the top layer of a wood floor to smooth out imperfections and prepare it for refinishing. This can breathe new life into old, worn floors or prepare a new floor for its initial finish.

What are the Benefits Of Wood Flooring Refinishing?

Wood floor refinishing restores the beauty of your wood floors and extends their lifespan.

It does so by breathing new life into dull, worn floors by removing scratches, gouges, stains, and other damage to reveal the natural beauty of the wood underneath. 

Why Would You Want Wood Flooring Sanding?

There are many benefits to properly sanding your wood floors. We've highlighted some of them below.

Remove Imperfections

Proper sanding can eliminate minor imperfections, marks, stains, scratches and other flaws from the surface of wood flooring, revealing a fresh, pristine top layer. This allows for a more uniform and aesthetically pleasing end result.

Smooth the Surface

Sanding creates an even base layer essential for properly refinishing the wood flooring surface. It does so by smoothing ridges, uneven spots, or variations in height in the wood, creating the flat, uniform surface needed to allow new stains and finishes to be properly applied.

Address Wear and Tear

Over time, wood floors endure noticeable wear and tear in high-traffic areas. Sanding removes evidence of this damage — including clouded finishes, cracks, and delamination — bringing the flooring close to its original appearance.

Prepare for Refinishing

Sanding prepares the porous wood surface for acceptance and bonding with new stains and sealant or finish coats during the refinishing process. This allows for maximum adherence and more durable, longer-lasting results.

Enhance Aesthetics

Sanding enhances wood's inherent natural beauty by removing old finishes and showcasing the grain pattern's depth, dimension and character. This adds warmth and visual appeal.

Renew the Appearance

Sanding renews and restores the appearance of dull, clouded or scratched wood floors. It revitalises the look and feel of the wood, once again bringing out its natural warmth, timeless appeal and original beauty.

What is The Process of Wood Flooring Sanding?

Wood floor sanding, also known as wood floor refinishing, is a multi-step process to smooth and resurface wood floors. The main steps include:

1. Preparation: Moving furniture and removing baseboards and transitions.

2. Sanding with Coarse Grit: Aggressively sand with coarse 30-40 grit to remove the old finish and flatten the surface.

3. Sanding with Finer Grits: Progressively sand with 50, 80 and 120 grit to smooth and prepare the wood.

4. Edging: Sand the floor edges and hard-to-reach areas by hand.

5. Vacuuming: Thoroughly remove all dust between sanding stages.

6. Tack Cloth: Use a sticky cloth to pick up any remaining fine dust.

7. Staining (Optional): Apply a stain if desired for a richer color.

8. Sealing/Finishing: Roll on sealant and finish coats like polyurethane.

9. Drying: Let the sealer and finish fully dry between coats.

10. Curing: Allow the finish to fully cure and harden per manufacturer instructions

11. Final touches: Re-install the baseboards and transitions and replace your furniture.

12. Cleanup: Clean the work area and properly dispose of debris.

What is the Cost of Wood Flooring Sanding?

The typical cost to sand existing wood floors professionally in the UK ranges from £1.50 to £4 per square foot (without labour). The final price depends on several factors.

The size of the floor is the main price factor, with larger areas costing less per square foot. For a single room, expect around £4 per sq ft, while sanding a whole house can reduce the cost to £1.50 to £2 per foot.

Floor condition also significantly affects pricing. Floors with heavy wear, stains or damage demand extensive labour to sand out flaws, increasing costs substantially. Well-maintained floors can be sanded efficiently at much lower rates.

Geographic location also plays a large pricing role due to differences in labour and material costs across regions. Wood floor sanding will be pricier in areas like London or Oxfordshire versus rural areas.

Extra finishing services like staining or applying multiple layers of protective sealants increase labour time and product costs over basic sanding with a clear coat. This scales up the total project quote.

The type of wood flooring allows some variation. Softer woods generally sand quickly for lower prices, while exotic hardwoods and engineered planks require extra care and time, increasing rates.

Wood flooring sanding benefits process cost guide

Should You DIY or Ask for Professional Help?

You should ask for professional help when refinishing wood floors rather than taking a DIY approach.

While DIY sanding may seem like a money-saving option, the risks often outweigh the benefits when handled by an inexperienced person.

Skill & experienceRequires learning and potential for mistakesExpertise and efficient completion
Equipment rental/costRent or buy a sander, potentially costing more in the long runUse of specialised equipment already owned
Time commitmentA time-consuming process, especially for large or complex projectsQuicker completion due to experience and efficiency
Quality of resultsRisk of uneven sanding or accidental damageConsistent, high-quality finish guaranteed
Safety risksDust exposure and potential for misuse of equipmentProfessionals prioritise safety with dust control and proper techniques

Are There Other Options to Fix Old or Worn Wood Flooring?

Yes, there are other options besides sanding to fix old or worn wood flooring. The best solution depends on the condition of existing floors, budget, and desired outcome. Alternatives to sanding include:

Sanding vs Reseal

Resealing applies a fresh protective coat without removing wood layers, taking less time and cost than sanding, but doesn't address the damage.

Sanding vs Refurbish

Refurbishing repairs some imperfections and updates the finish, retaining more existing wood than sanding but not fully restoring it to its original state.

Sanding vs Restore

Restoration may incorporate limited sanding with wood repairs and recoating to revitalise wood to near original glory at a moderate cost.

Sanding vs Buying New Flooring

Installing new engineered wood or laminate flooring avoids refinishing existing floors. However, buying new wood flooring costs £3-£10 per square foot for materials and labor. Popular alternatives include vinyl plank, luxury vinyl tile or reclaimed wood.

The condition of the current flooring guides which option makes the most sense. Lightly worn floors may benefit from simple resealing or refurbishing.

Heavily damaged floors can warrant full sanding and refinishing or replacement with new flooring altogether. An expert can best evaluate the state of existing floors.


Wood floors are a classic flooring choice that can last for decades when properly maintained. However, over time, it's common for scratches, cloudiness, discoloration and other imperfections to accumulate, detracting from your home’s beauty.

Rather than living with worn floors or hastily ripping them out for replacement, wood floor sanding offers a restorative facelift. This process can eliminate years of damage to reveal the handsome wood hiding underneath for a fraction of the replacement cost.

If your floors are looking tired but the foundation remains sturdy, contact The Ultimate Flooring at +44 (0) 20 8948 5611 or through our email system at

With over 25 years of refinishing experience and specialised equipment, we can efficiently restore the original glory of your wood floors. 

Are you considering upgrading your home with a touch of opulence? Luxury wood flooring might be exactly what you're looking for. This type of flooring offers an unparalleled blend of style, durability, and warmth that can transform any space. But it's not just about aesthetics; it's also an investment.

So, before you dive headfirst into a new flooring project, it's important to understand what distinguishes luxury wood flooring from its counterparts.

In this article, we'll lift the lid on the world of luxury wood flooring, discussing different types, costs, maintenance techniques, and comparisons with budget alternatives. By the end, you'll be equipped with valuable insights that can help you make an informed decision for your home.

What Is Luxury Wood Flooring?

Luxury wood flooring isn't your everyday, run-off-the-mill flooring option. It's much more than that. This is a superior category of flooring that uses high-quality, often exotic, wood species to deliver an exquisite aesthetic appeal.

Luxury wood flooring is distinguished by its craftsmanship. Each plank is carefully chosen, sanded, and treated to ensure only the finest quality. 

The result? A stunning floor that exudes elegance and sophistication, adding a lavish feel to any room. 

An added bonus? High-end wood flooring can significantly increase the value of your property.

What Are the Different Types of Luxury Wood Flooring?

Luxury wood flooring comes in a variety of forms, each offering its unique touch of elegance and style. Let's dive into the characteristics, advantages, and potential drawbacks of three popular types of luxury wood flooring: Hardwood, Engineered Hardwood, and Parquet.

Hardwood Flooring

When it comes to luxury wood flooring, hardwood is typically the first that springs to mind. Crafted from a single piece of timber, hardwood flooring is sourced from tall, strong trees such as oak, maple, and walnut. The appeal of this type of flooring lies in its sheer natural beauty and durability.



Engineered Hardwood Flooring

Engineered hardwood is a more contemporary variant of luxury wood flooring. It's composed of multiple layers of wood, usually plywood, with a genuine hardwood veneer on top. This unique construction offers some advantages over traditional hardwood.



Parquet Flooring

Parquet flooring is a unique and artistic variant of wood flooring. It involves the careful arrangement of small wood pieces into geometric patterns, resulting in a beautiful mosaic effect that can elevate a room's appearance.



What Type of Wood Is Luxury Wood Flooring?

The term ‘luxury' in wood flooring encompasses a range of top-tier wood types, each boasting its unique appearance and characteristics. Let's delve into three popular wood types used in luxury wood flooring: Ash, Walnut, and Bamboo.


Ashwood is a prominent choice in the luxury flooring sector. It's known for its light colour, ranging from yellow to light brown with streaks of pale black. Ash flooring presents a distinctive straight-grain pattern that adds to its visual appeal.




Walnut wood is another popular choice for luxury flooring, revered for its deep, rich brown tones and sophisticated grain patterns. This type of wood exudes a warm and inviting vibe that can make any space feel more like home.




Bamboo flooring, although technically derived from grass and not a tree, has gained popularity in the luxury wood flooring market. Bamboo is known for its sustainability and strength, and it provides an interesting twist on traditional wood flooring.



How Much Does Luxury Wood Flooring Cost?

The price of luxury wood flooring can vary depending on the type of wood, the finish, the thickness of the planks, and the specific brand or manufacturer you choose. As a ballpark figure, you can expect to pay anywhere between £30 to £100 per square metre for the luxury wood flooring alone.

Lower-cost luxury woods, like certain types of engineered hardwood or bamboo, may fall at the lower end of this price range. On the other hand, exotic hardwoods or intricate parquet designs can easily reach the higher end. Keep in mind that these costs are exclusive of installation, which can add another £15 to £30 per square metre.

How Do You Maintain Luxury Wood Flooring?

Maintaining wood flooring isn’t as daunting as people think. Here are some simple yet effective ways to keep your floor in pristine condition:

  1. Prompt Spill Cleanup: Accidents happen, but when they do, be sure to clean up spills immediately. Liquid can seep into the wood and cause staining or warping, especially if left unattended.
  2. Avoid Harsh Cleaners: Not all cleaners are wood-friendly. Avoid any cleaning products that are acidic or contain ammonia as they can degrade your floor's finish over time. Instead, look for pH-neutral, wood-friendly cleaning products.
  3. Use Furniture Pads: Furniture can leave scratches and dents on your wood floors. To prevent this, use felt or rubber pads under the legs of your furniture.
  4. Regular Refinishing: Depending on the type of wood flooring you have and the amount of foot traffic it sees, you may need to refinish your floor every few years.

While these general tips can help maintain the elegance of your luxury wood floor, always consider the manufacturer's specific care and maintenance guidelines to keep your floor at its best.


Cleaning is the first line of defence when it comes to maintaining your luxury wood flooring. Here are some key steps to follow:

  1. Routine Sweeping: Sweeping your floor daily with a soft-bristled broom can help remove dirt, dust, and other debris that can scratch the floor surface over time.
  2. Mopping: Use a slightly damp mop to clean your flooring every week. Remember, water is wood's enemy, so avoid soaking the mop. An easy trick is to spray your mop with a wood-friendly cleaner rather than dousing it in water.
  3. Polishing: Consider polishing your floor every few months. This helps to replenish the floor's finish, bringing out the wood's natural beauty and lustre.
  4. Dry Immediately: After cleaning, make sure to dry your floors immediately. Excess moisture left on wood floors can lead to damage and staining.


Over the years, even the highest quality luxury wood flooring may show signs of wear. However, here are some ways you can repair your flooring:

  1. Scratches: For small scratches, you can use a touch-up pen or filler stick that matches your floor's finish.
  2. Gouges or Dents: Larger damages like gouges or dents may require a bit more effort. You could fill them with wood filler, or you may need to replace the individual board.
  3. Discolouration: Areas of your floor that are exposed to sunlight can discolour over time. To combat this, you can move rugs and furniture around occasionally to ensure the colour fades evenly.
Luxury Wood Flooring Types. Discover the beauty and durability of luxury wood flooring types including parquet, hardwood, engineered, ash, walnut, bamboo, and alternatives.

What Is the Difference Between Luxury Wood Flooring and Budget Wood Flooring?

When comparing luxury wood flooring with budget options, several key differences arise:

What Are Some Alternatives to Luxury Wood Flooring?

While luxury wood flooring offers a myriad of benefits, it may not be for everyone due to factors like cost and maintenance. If you're looking for alternatives that can still provide a warm and elegant aesthetic, consider the following options:

Remember, each flooring type comes with its pros and cons. It's important to consider factors such as the room's usage, your budget, and the overall aesthetics you want to achieve before making a decision.

To Wrap Up

Investing in luxury wood flooring can deliver unmatched elegance and sophistication to your home. Its diverse range, from timeless hardwood to intricate parquet, offers something exclusive for everyone's aesthetic taste. However, just as with any major investment, it's essential to consider all aspects — cost, maintenance, and potential alternatives.
If you’re ready to give your home the luxury makeover it deserves with some stunning wood flooring, don't wait! Get in touch with our expert team at The Ultimate Flooring today. We're here to assist you in exploring the perfect luxury wood flooring options tailored to your home's needs!

Looking to enhance the aesthetic appeal of your property without going over budget? One solution is to invest in cheap wood flooring. It's a popular upgrade for homeowners across the globe that is affordable, stylish, and durable.

In terms of flooring, low cost doesn’t always mean low quality. This guide will debunk such notions, showing you how to achieve affordable floor covering for years. 

By understanding the factors that make wood flooring cheaper, you can make budget-friendly home upgrades at lower cost. Investing in your property shouldn't be a financial burden, and affordable wood flooring can be a key ingredient in your home improvement recipe. 

What Is Cheap Wood Flooring?

Cheap wood flooring is an affordable variant of traditional wood floors. It includes options like laminate, engineered hardwood, and lesser-known wood species, offering the same classic wooden appearance without straining your budget. It’s a great solution for cost-effective, attractive home upgrades. 

How Much Is Cheap Wood Flooring?

Cheap wood flooring in the UK generally ranges from as little as £30 to £120 per square metre. Price depends on various factors like:

What Makes Cheap Wood Flooring?

Cheap wood flooring isn't solely a reflection of a lower price point. It's more about the strategic selection and optimisation of materials and methods. Here's how:

What Types Of Wood Flooring Can You Get Cheap?

There are several options for budget-friendly floor surfaces. This section will introduce you to these cost-effective choices and help you identify the best fit for your home.

Solid Hardwood Flooring

Solid hardwood flooring is made from a single piece of wood, offering a classic and authentic appeal.

Solid hardwood flooring is a classic choice that exudes a high-end appeal. As its name suggests, it is made from a single, solid piece of wood, usually 18-20mm thick. The thickness means it can be sanded down and refinished multiple times over its lifespan, keeping it looking fresh and new.

One of its key characteristics is the natural grain of the wood, providing a unique pattern and texture for each plank. This adds to its charm and makes each installation one-of-a-kind.

Solid hardwood is known for its durability and longevity. It can last decades with proper care, making it a potentially cost-effective option in the long run. However, it's worth noting that it can be susceptible to moisture and temperature changes, which can cause it to warp or shrink. 

Therefore, it's best to avoid installing it in moisture-prone areas like bathrooms or sub-grade basements.

Solid hardwood flooring offers an unrivalled warmth and timeless elegance. Whether you go with a traditional choice like oak or a more exotic option, it can substantially increase your home's aesthetic appeal and value.

In terms of price, solid hardwood flooring usually starts around £20 per square metre in UK shops. This can climb significantly for premium wood types and finishes. However, with smart choices and a keen eye for deals, you can secure solid hardwood flooring without overspending.

Engineered Hardwood Flooring

Engineered hardwood flooring consists of a thin layer of real wood on top of several layers of plywood or other wood, providing stability and resistance to moisture.

It’s a popular choice that combines the beauty of real wood with practical features. At its core, engineered hardwood comprises a top layer of real wood veneer, usually ranging in thickness from 2mm to 6mm. It is attached to several layers of high-quality plywood or high-density fibreboard (HDF).

The multi-layered construction resists temperature fluctuation and humidity, reducing the risk of warping and making it suitable for areas where solid wood may not fare well, such as basements or over-radiant heating systems.

Unlike solid wood, the top veneer of engineered hardwood can be sanded and refinished only a few times, depending on its thickness. However, considering the lifespan of modern finishes, this should be more than enough for most homeowners.

Engineered hardwood can achieve a desired aesthetic by choosing from a wide variety of wood species for the top veneer, from classics like oak and maple to exotic options like mahogany or zebrawood.

Its installation process is less labour-intensive than solid wood, offering a quicker and potentially cheaper fitting. 

While often more affordable than solid hardwood, it's more expensive than alternatives like laminate or bamboo, offering a middle ground for those seeking the look of real wood without the hefty price tag.

Why Should You Go For Cheap Wood Flooring?

Choosing cheap wood flooring is an excellent way to bring the timeless beauty of wood into your home without overspending. Affordable wood flooring options, like laminate, engineered wood, or lesser-known wood species, offer durability and style that fits most budgets.

The cost of wood flooring varies, affected by factors like wood type, sourcing, flooring installation complexity, and regional pricing. By understanding these, you can find ways to make even high-quality wood flooring more affordable.

You have a range of cheap flooring options available. Laminate and engineered wood flooring often offer the best value, providing the look and feel of wood at a lower cost. Bamboo, oak, and pine are also cost-effective choices, each with unique benefits and aesthetics.

Cheap wood flooring is a smart choice for those seeking a balance between cost, aesthetics, and durability. It proves you don't have to sacrifice quality or style when working with a budget.

Cheap wood flooring options - engineered, solid, and alternatives

What Are Some Alternatives To Cheap Wood Flooring?

If you're exploring alternatives to cheap wood flooring, you'll find several other affordable options that still deliver on aesthetics and durability.


Home improvement shouldn't be a daunting financial task. Affordable alternatives, like cheap wood flooring, can significantly enhance your property's appeal.

Options like laminate, engineered wood, bamboo, and cork offer a balance of style, durability, and cost-effectiveness. The key is understanding your needs, researching your local market, and making informed choices.
Ready to upgrade your flooring? Get in touch with our experts so we can help you navigate the sea of affordable wood flooring options and ensure you make the best investment for your home.

Choosing the right wood flooring finishes transforms your space, adding charm and architectural interest. This guide covers everything, starting with an exploration of different types of finishes—ranging from oil-based to varnish—and their unique characteristics.

We then move on to application techniques, demystifying the process and offering practical tips. Next, we delve into the expected lifespan of these finishes and the crucial aspects of their maintenance, including treatment and cleaning.

Cost considerations, pet-friendliness, and the versatility of finishes across flooring types are also discussed. With this knowledge, selecting a finish that complements your wooden flooring becomes an easier, more informed decision.

What Are Wood Flooring Finishes?

Wood flooring finishes are the protective and decorative treatments applied to wooden surfaces. They serve as a functional ‘seal' and aesthetic enhancer.

Whether you're redecorating or starting from scratch, knowing about finishes is crucial – they're the front-line defence against damage and the final flourish that underlines your floor's beauty.

What Are the Different Types of Wood Flooring Finishes?

There are many types of wood flooring finishes, each with its unique properties and effects. In this section, we'll provide a brief overview of each.


At the core, oil-based finishes for wood flooring are treatments that use oil as a primary ingredient to protect and beautify the wood.

Oil-based finishes penetrate the wood, enriching its grain and providing a warm, natural glow. These finishes are often preferred for their durability and traditional aesthetic.

When applied, the oil penetrates deep into the wood fibres, strengthening them from within and creating a protective barrier on the surface.

Oil-based finishes have their share of benefits and drawbacks.




Water-based finishes are protective coatings for wood floors, primarily composed of water.

These finishes are known for their clear, non-yellowing nature, allowing the wood's natural beauty to shine. They also dry quickly, making them popular for projects with tight timelines.

Environmentally conscious homeowners often prefer water-based finishes due to their lower volatile organic compound (VOC) content compared to oil-based counterparts.

However, it's important to weigh the pros and cons before deciding.




The lacquered finish is a type of wood floor finish that provides a hard, highly reflective surface.

Lacquered finishes involve the application of a pre-prepared lacquer, creating a hard, sealed surface. This type of finish adds a touch of glamour to any room with its high sheen and reflective qualities.

Although quite durable, any scratches or dents that occur are often more noticeable due to the glossy finish. Lacquers are generally easy to clean and maintain, making them a popular choice for spaces that need to look pristine, such as commercial premises or elegant households.

As with any finish, it's important to consider the pros and cons.




A wax finish is a traditional wood flooring finish that uses natural wax to enhance the wood's texture and patina. Wax finishes are an age-old method dating back centuries, which have grown in popularity recently.

These finishes are appreciated for the rich, low-sheen lustre they provide, which can be buffed up to a higher shine if desired. They also offer a more tactile surface feel than many modern finishes.

However, wax finishes are less durable than lacquered or varnished finishes and require more maintenance.

Let's weigh the pros and cons.




Shellac is a wood finish derived from the secretions of the female lac bug, offering a natural, glossy finish for wood floors.

Shellac finishes have been used for centuries, long before the advent of synthetic products, and are revered for their eco-friendliness and quick-drying properties.

They produce a warm, rich finish that enhances the wood's natural grain. Shellac is also safe for food contact, making it a popular choice for kitchen tables and countertops.

However, it's less resistant to water and alcohol spills compared to other finishes and may require more frequent maintenance.

Let's explore the pros and cons.




Varnish is a clear protective finish widely used in wood flooring for its durability and versatility.

Known for its exceptional durability, varnish forms a hard, protective surface over the wood, safeguarding it from everyday wear and tear. It's available in various sheen levels, composed of oil, resin, and solvents, from matte to high-gloss.

Varnish is often chosen for its capacity to resist heat, chemical damage, and UV radiation. However, applying it requires precision, as any application flaws can be easily noticed.

Considering the strengths and weaknesses is important:



How Do You Apply Wood Flooring Finishes?

The application of wood flooring finishes is the next key piece of our puzzle. In this section, we'll walk you through the fundamentals of how to apply these finishes, from the necessary preparations to the application techniques.

Applying wood flooring finishes involves several crucial steps to ensure a durable, aesthetically pleasing result. Starting with a clean, sanded wood surface is essential; any dust or flaws may show through the finish.

Safety is paramount; wearing protective gear, including gloves and a mask, is critical due to the chemical nature of some finishes.

Also, the choice of application tool depends on the type of finish. Brushes, rollers, or lambswool applicators work well for most finishes, though each has its advantages. Brushes, for instance, provide control, while rollers cover large areas faster.

The finish must be evenly applied, usually in the direction of the wood grain. It's important to allow sufficient drying times between coats—hurrying this process can lead to a patchy finish.

Finally, each layer should be lightly sanded to promote adhesion of the next coat, creating a seamless, professional result. 

Wood flooring finishes installation, maintenance, and cost. Learn about types, pros, cons, and applications. Enhance your space with beautiful wooden floors.

How Long Do Wood Flooring Finishes Last?

Wood flooring finishes typically last between 1 and 10 years, depending largely on various factors:

How Do You Maintain Wood Flooring Finishes?

Keeping your wood flooring finishes in top shape is key to preserving their aesthetic and functional appeal. In this segment, we'll touch upon the key aspects of maintaining your wood floor finishes, ensuring their longevity and sustained beauty.


This refers to applying specific products or methods to enhance the durability and appearance of your wood floor finish.

  1. Reapplying Finish: Over time, finishes may wear out and require reapplication. This rejuvenation helps maintain the protective layer, enhancing the lifespan of the wood underneath.
  2. Buffing: This is a process to refresh the look of your floor. It involves light sanding to prepare the surface for a new topcoat of finish, allowing your floor to regain its lustre.
  3. Oiling: For oil-finished floors, periodic oiling helps replenish the protective oil layer, nourishing the wood and maintaining the finish’s beautiful, natural look.


Cleaning is the regular removal of dust, dirt and spills from the surface of the finished wood floor to preserve its appearance and prevent damage.

  1. Sweeping or Vacuuming: Regularly remove dust and dirt with a soft broom or vacuum cleaner. This prevents abrasive particles from scratching the finish.
  2. Mopping: Use a damp (not wet) mop with a cleaner suitable for your specific finish. Excess water can seep into the wood, causing damage.
  3. Immediate Spill Cleanup: Attend to spills promptly to prevent staining or water damage. Always use a soft, absorbent cloth for this purpose.

How Much Do Wood Flooring Finishes Cost?

Wood flooring finishes in the UK typically range from £10 to £50 per litre. The cost largely depends on the type of finish:

Several factors influence the final cost:

Are Wood Flooring Finishes Good for Pets?

Yes, wood flooring finishes can be good for pets, provided they are chosen and maintained correctly. Finishes add a protective layer to the flooring, guarding it against potential scratches or damage from pets.

However, certain finishes may be more resistant to pet-related wear and tear than others, so it's crucial to select an appropriate type based on your specific needs.

Can You Have the Same Finishes on Different Types of Flooring?

Yes, you can have the same finishes on different types of flooring. However, the choice of finish should consider the flooring material's specific characteristics.

As each type of flooring has its unique properties and requirements, the efficiency and appearance of a finish may vary across different materials. It is always advised to consult with a flooring professional to choose the most suitable finish for your specific type of flooring.


Selecting and maintaining the right wood flooring finish can make all the difference to your home. It not only enhances the beauty of your interiors but also ensures the longevity of your wooden floors.

Remember the variety of finishes we talked about at the beginning – from oil-based to varnish. Each offers its unique benefits and challenges, and knowing these details will guide you in making an informed decision that suits your needs, aesthetic preferences, and budget.

Ensure you understand the application process, how long a finish lasts, and how to maintain it. Consider your specific circumstances – do you have pets? What type of flooring do you have? These factors can influence your decision. Most importantly, don't hesitate to contact us at Allfloors Trade Centre for professional flooring services. Our expertise can save you time, money, and potential missteps.

Choosing the best wood flooring patterns that suit your taste and lifestyle adds personality to your living quarters. These patterns not only serve as the foundation of your interior decor but also mirror your unique sense of style.

Whether you're looking for something with a traditional feel like herringbone and chevron or a more modern layout like basketweave, this article gives you a comprehensive list to assist your shopping.

In the following sections, we'll delve into different types of wood flooring patterns, their installation process, and costs. 

What Is A Wood Flooring Pattern?

A wood flooring pattern defines the arrangement of planks during installation. These wood floor layout patterns influence a room's aesthetic, perceived size, and flow, making them a crucial element of your interior design.

What Are The Different Types Of Wood Flooring Patterns?

Wood flooring patterns can vary, offering numerous layout designs that can transform your room's visual appeal. Here's a look at some popular types and their suitability for different home settings.


Straight is the most common wood flooring pattern. Planks are laid parallel to each other along the length or width of the room. This pattern can be used in any setting, providing a clean, contemporary feel. It's great for minimalist homeowners seeking simplicity.




The Diagonal pattern sees planks at a 45-degree angle, offering a more dynamic aesthetic. It is ideal for spacious, open-plan settings and provides a sense of movement and drama. Those seeking a unique twist on traditional layouts will love this pattern.




Random pattern planks cut the material in varying lengths, resulting in an informal, organic look. Perfectly suited for rustic or country-style homes, this pattern is recommended for those who want an unconventional, textured appearance.




Brick pattern emulates classic brickwork, with each row offset at the mid-point of the row below. It’s best for cosy, traditional homes, and a favourite among those who appreciate timeless design.




Basketweave is an intricate pattern, forming a design that resembles woven strands. Ideal for large, elegant rooms, it is recommended for homeowners who fancy a touch of sophistication.




Herringbone pattern uses rectangular blocks arranged in a distinctive ‘V' shape. Suited for grand, spacious rooms, it's perfect for those desiring a sense of luxury.




Chevron pattern, like Herringbone, forms ‘V' shapes, but the ends of the planks are cut at an angle to create a more continuous zigzag. Ideal for modern minimalistic homes, it's suited for aesthetically-driven homeowners.




Parquet consists of geometric patterns formed with small wooden blocks. It’s perfect for traditional homes or rooms needing a centrepiece. Parquet is an excellent choice for homeowners valuing artistry and creative design.




Tile pattern involves creating a square board of four planks and then replicating it throughout the room. Suitable for both small and large spaces, it's a top choice for practical homeowners wanting a versatile solution. 




Versailles pattern is a highly ornamental parquet design, characterised by squares filled with diagonal and interlacing lines. Ideal for large, opulent spaces, it's recommended for homeowners seeking grandeur.



Wood flooring patterns guide with types, installation, and price information. Explore straight, diagonal, herringbone, and more for stunning floor designs in UK homes.

How Do You Install The Different Patterns?

Installing wood flooring patterns can take time, but with the right preparations, materials, and expert support, it doesn’t have to be a headache. 

The fundamental materials needed for installation generally include the wood flooring planks, a saw for cutting, adhesive for glue-down installations, nails for nail-down installations, a rubber mallet to fit the planks together, and spacers to maintain an expansion gap around the room's perimeter. 

Each flooring pattern has its unique installation approach. The Straight pattern is the simplest to install, with planks laid parallel to each other. For the Diagonal pattern, the planks are placed at a 45-degree angle to the walls. The Random pattern requires careful planning to ensure an aesthetically pleasing mix of plank lengths. 

Patterns like Brick, Basketweave, Herringbone, Chevron, and Parquet need careful measurements and meticulous placement due to their complex designs. The Tile pattern is relatively easy to fit, with the only challenge being the initial layout. 

Versailles, being highly detailed, can be quite complex and usually requires professional installation.

Always maintain consistent spacing around the room's perimeter to allow for wood expansion. For more intricate designs, we recommend hiring a professional installer. 

How Much Do The Different Patterns Cost?

Prices for wood flooring patterns can greatly vary, from as low as £20 per square metre for basic designs, skyrocketing to £100+ per square metre for more intricate patterns.

Here's a general breakdown of costs, though actual prices can vary depending on several factors such as the type of wood used, the complexity of the pattern, and labour costs.

The above estimates are indicative and sourced from various UK flooring specialists and installation services. For the full cost of flooring installation, the following factors will affect your expenses:

For exact costs, we recommend reaching out to local specialists for quotes based on your specific project.

Can You Make Patterns With Any Other Type Of Flooring?

Yes, you certainly can create patterns with other types of flooring. Wood is just one of many materials suitable for floor pattern designs.

1. Tile: Tiles come in numerous shapes, sizes, colours, and materials, making them ideal for creating unique patterns. Consider using porcelain or ceramic tiles for geometric patterns. 

2. Laminate: Laminate flooring, often imitating the look of wood or stone, can also be arranged into patterns such as herringbone or brick.

3. Vinyl: With vinyl flooring, you can experiment with patterns while enjoying the benefit of a durable and affordable material. Luxury Vinyl Tiles (LVT) can be used for intricate patterns.

4. Stone: Stone flooring (like marble, granite, or travertine) offers unique textures and colours, suitable for creating visually striking patterns, especially for grand entryways.

5. Carpet Tiles: These provide the comfort of carpet but with the ability to create custom designs. Consider using contrasting coloured tiles for maximum visual impact.

Your pattern choice depends on the look you're aiming to achieve, your budget, and practical considerations like durability and maintenance.


The flooring pattern you choose influences the room's perceived size and flow. Whether it's the simplicity of a straight pattern or the majestic complexity of the Versailles design, your choice will reflect your style and practical needs. 

Don’t hesitate to seek expert help. Flooring experts can provide advice tailored to your needs and home specifications, guiding you through various choices. We started this journey by discussing the importance of selecting the right flooring pattern. Now, it’s your turn to take the next step.
Take your time, explore different possibilities, and when you're ready, get in touch with our local specialist to turn your vision into reality.

If you're a homeowner or business owner with a penchant for the natural, timeless appeal of wood flooring, the subject of maintaining it might interest you. In this guide, we will delve into maintaining wood flooring to keep the shine and longevity of your wood floors, ensuring they remain a worthwhile investment for years to come.

We'll explore the simplicity or complexity of maintaining wood flooring, the differing maintenance requirements based on the type, cleaning methods, suitable cleaners, recommended treatments, and the role of repairs in upkeep. We will also provide an idea of the costs involved. 

Is Wood Flooring Easy To Maintain?

Yes, maintaining wood flooring is typically straightforward when equipped with the proper knowledge and tools. However, it's important to remember that the ease of maintenance can significantly depend on the type of wood flooring installed in your home or office.

Do Different Types of Wood Flooring Require Different Maintenance?

Yes, different types of wood flooring require specific care and maintenance routines. Understanding the unique needs of each flooring type can extend its lifespan and maintain its aesthetic appeal. 

We will examine the different types of wood flooring below:

Solid Wood Flooring

Solid wood flooring is a true classic, comprising single timber cut into planks. This type of flooring is admired for its longevity and ability to be refinished multiple times.

Engineered Wood Flooring 

Engineered wood flooring is a popular choice, known for its layering structure. It consists of a top layer of real wood supported by less expensive, high-quality ply layers. 

Laminated Wood Flooring

Laminated wood flooring is a cost-effective alternative that simulates the appearance of real wood. It consists of a high-resolution image of wood placed over a core board. 

How Do You Clean Wood Flooring?

Cleaning wood flooring involves a series of steps to keep the floor spotless and in pristine condition. 

The following checklist offers a straightforward guideline for cleaning wood flooring:

☐ Use a soft-bristled broom or vacuum with a soft brush attachment, a microfiber mop, and a soft, dry cloth for wiping.
☐ Use a cleaner specifically designed for wood floors.
☐ Remove small furniture, rugs, or other obstacles from the floor.
☐ Start from one corner, sweeping in the direction of the wood grain.
☐ Dampen your mop with a properly diluted cleaning solution, then mop from one corner of the room, working your way towards the exit.
☐ Immediately after mopping, dry your floor with a soft, dry cloth or towel.
☐ Ensure your mop and cloth are damp, not soaking wet.
☐ After wiping, check for any damp spots and wipe again if necessary.
☐ Regularly sweep and mop your floor, and wipe immediately after mopping.
☐ Harsh chemicals can damage your wood floor. Always use the appropriate tools and cleaning solutions.
Wood Flooring Maintenance Checklist

Let's delve into each step and discover how to execute them effectively.


Sweeping is an important initial step in maintaining your wood floors. It effectively removes dust, dirt, and loose debris that could otherwise scratch your flooring. While sweeping wooden floors, follow these steps carefully:


Mopping involves using a damp mop, not a wet one, to clean the flooring. This is done after sweeping to avoid scratches. Here is how to mop your wooden floors effectively and safely:


Wiping is the final step in cleaning wooden flooring. It involves drying the floor after mopping to ensure no water is left on the wood surface, as leftover water can damage wood flooring over time. Follow these steps to dry your wooden floors properly:

What Cleaners To Use In Maintaining Wood Flooring?

Selecting the right cleaner is crucial in maintaining the beauty and extending the life span of wood flooring. These are the various cleaners you can use for your wooden floors:

1. Specialised Wood Floor Cleaners: These are cleaners formulated specifically for wood floors. They are gentle yet effective at removing dirt and grime without damaging the wood or leaving a residue. When choosing a wood floor cleaner, ensure it suits your type of wood flooring.

2. pH-Neutral Soap: Mild, pH-neutral soaps mixed with warm water can be a safe and effective cleaner for sealed wood floors. Avoid using acidic or alkaline cleaners, as they can dull or damage the finish.

3. White Vinegar and Water: A solution of half a cup of white vinegar to a gallon of lukewarm water is a popular homemade cleaner. However, it should be used sparingly, as overuse of vinegar can dull the finish over time.

4. Special Care for Oil Floors: If your wood floor has an oiled finish, using a soap designed explicitly for oiled wood floors can help preserve the oil finish and enhance the wood's natural beauty.

5. Avoid Steam Cleaners and Wet Mops: Steam cleaners and wet mops should never be used on wooden floors as they can damage the finish and warp the wood.

Wood Floor Cleaners

Wood Floor Cleaners are specifically formulated cleaning products designed to clean wood floors safely and effectively. They come in various types, including sprays, concentrates, and ready-to-use formulas.

The pros and cons of using these cleaners include:



Wood flooring care and maintenance tips for solid, engineered, and laminated wood floors. Best treatments and cleaners for wood floor care.

What Are The Best Treatments For Maintaining Wood Flooring?

Wood flooring treatments vary based on the type of wood flooring and specific needs. A few popular treatments include:

Each of these treatments carries its unique set of advantages and drawbacks.

Regular Sweeping and MoppingPrevents build-up of dust and dirt. Easy to do and cost-effective. Extends the life of the floor.Can miss some embedded dirt and grime. Sweeping can cause scratches if not done with a soft-bristled broom.
Specialised Wood Floor CleanersFormulated specifically for wood floors. Safely clean without damaging the finish.Some may contain chemicals that some people prefer to avoid.
Periodic Professional Deep CleaningThorough cleaning that can remove embedded dirt and grime. Can reach hard-to-clean areas.Can be costly. May require scheduling and availability.
Applying Suitable Wood Floor FinishesProtects the flooring and enhances its appearance. Can help resist scratches and stains.Requires expertise to apply properly. Some finishes may emit volatile organic compounds (VOCs).
Timely Repairs and RefinishingPrevents further damage and maintains the integrity and appearance of the flooring. Can fix scratches, dents, and stains.Can be expensive depending on the extent of the repair. Requires expertise to perform properly.

How Does Repairing Wooden Flooring Help In Maintaining Wood Flooring?

Repairing wood flooring is a crucial aspect of its maintenance. It restores the floor's aesthetic appeal and extends its lifespan. Small repairs, such as fixing minor scratches, and large ones, like board replacement, can prevent further damage and maintain the integrity of the flooring. 

How Do You Refinish Wood Flooring?

Refinishing wood flooring involves removing the existing floor finish, sanding the surface to smooth out any scratches or discolourations, and then applying a new finish. This process rejuvenates your wood flooring, allowing it to regain its original lustre and charm.

These steps should help you get started: 

1. Clear the Room: Remove all furniture, rugs, and other items from the room.

2. Clean the Floor: Thoroughly clean the floor to remove dust and debris. Ensure the floor is completely dry before moving to the next step.

3. Sand the Floor: Use a sander to remove the old finish and smooth any scratches or discolourations. Start with coarse-grit sandpaper and move to finer grits for a smooth finish.

4. Clean Again: Vacuum or wipe away the dust created by sanding. This vital step ensures dust doesn't get trapped beneath the new finish.

5. Apply the Stain (Optional): If you wish to change the colour of your floor, apply a wood stain evenly, following the direction of the wood grain. Allow it to dry completely.

6. Apply the Finish: Using a brush or roller, apply a thin layer of wood finish, again following the direction of the grain. Allow it to dry according to the manufacturer's instructions.

7. Add Additional Coats (If necessary): Depending on the type of finish used and the desired look, you may need to apply additional coats. Always ensure the previous coat is completely dry before adding another.

8. Let the Floor Cure: Let the finished floor cure for a few days before moving furniture back into the room.

This process can be quite labour-intensive and requires expertise, so many people hire professionals to refinish their wood floors.

What Is The Cost Of Maintaining Wood Flooring?

The cost of maintaining wood flooring can fluctuate based on the type of wood, the space size, and the specific maintenance tasks being conducted. Here are some average costs in the UK:

These approximate costs can vary based on various factors, including your geographical location and the specific condition of your flooring. 


Maintaining your wood flooring need not be a daunting task. With the knowledge you've gained from this guide, you should now be equipped to effectively handle the care and maintenance of your wood flooring. 

But remember, the key to the longevity of your wood flooring lies in regular maintenance and prompt repairs. Ensure that you treat your flooring with the care it deserves, and it will reward you with enduring beauty and durability. 
Do you need professional help in maintaining your wood flooring? Don't hesitate to contact us at The Ultimate Flooring, your trusted partner in all things relating to wood flooring.

With its rich patina and timeless elegance, wood flooring never goes out of style. It can elevate any décor and add a lot of character and value to your home with its natural warmth and classic beauty. 

Wood flooring is sturdy and long-lasting if maintained properly, lasting up to 100 years or more. And even though it can be scratched, the scratches can add a touch of antique charm, especially as the wood ages. 

In this comprehensive guide, we’ll discuss everything you need to know about the wood flooring installation process, from its main steps to whether or not it’s DIY-friendly.

1. Choosing Your Flooring

First order of business, you need to choose the right type of wood flooring for your project. There are several factors to consider here as indicated below. 

  1. Type of Wood

Solid hardwood, engineered wood, and laminate floors each have their pros and cons. Solid hardwood is the way to go for maximum longevity, whereas engineered wood is perfect for dimensional stability, especially with radiant heat or concrete subfloor installations. If you’re on a tight budget, laminate floors are a good option. 

  1. Width of Floorboards

Deciding on the width of the floorboards will boil down to aesthetic preferences. Wide-plank floors, around 125mm to 200mm, offer a dramatic and rustic look, but they’re more costly than traditional floors (70mm to 100mm).

  1. Quality Grade

Higher grades of wood have a uniform, almost flawless appearance but come with a high price tag. Lower grades tend to have knots and visible character marks. Choose the grade that suits your budget and desired look. 

  1. Colour and Finish

Do you want your flooring to be light (e.g., natural oak) or dark (e.g., walnut)? Also, do you want a glossy finish that offers shine and depth or a matte/satin finish with a more subtle lustre? 

Along with the above-listed factors, which relate mainly to the characteristics of wood, there are non-wood-related factors that should influence your choice of flooring, namely: 

Living rooms and bedrooms allow more flexibility in flooring choices compared to high-moisture areas like bathrooms and kitchens. Solid hardwood and engineered wood are suitable for most rooms, while LVT and laminate are suited for kitchens and bathrooms. 

For smaller rooms, we highly recommend going with wide-plank floors. Narrow-plank floors can make small rooms feel cramped, while wide planks will make them look more commodious. 

Wide-plank, matte-finish floors are best suited for contemporary spaces. For traditional homes, glossy-finish classic oak, maple, or cherry floors are a good fit. For more rustic styles, opt for distressed or hand-scraped wood. 

Houses with kids or pets may warrant more scratch-resistant wood finishes. As for houses in humid climates, they should opt for wood varieties that offer high dimensional stability, like red oak and ash. 

The amount of natural and artificial lighting can affect how a wood floor looks. For example, darker stains typically show more detail in bright light. 

2. Measuring Up

The next step in a typical wood flooring installation involves taking measurements to calculate how much flooring you need and a rough estimate of the cost. 

  1. Calculate the Square Meterage 

Using a tape measure or a laser distance measurer, measure the length and width of each room you’re looking to refloor. We recommend taking measurements in multiple spots as most rooms aren’t perfectly rectangular. You then multiply the average length by the average width to get the square meterage. 

Example: If the room's length is 6m and the width is 4m, the square meterage would be 24m². For irregular rooms, check out this video tutorial

  1. Account for Cutting Waste

The figure you calculated in the previous step isn’t the final figure. You still need to account for cutting waste and defects. To do so, add 5-10% to the square meterage. If you’re working with parquets as opposed to planks, you should add 12-15%. 

  1. Figure Out Flooring Direction

Perpendicular flooring draws the eye from side to side across a room. This has the effect of making a room appear larger. Parallel flooring draws the eye ahead in the direction of entryways or windows. It helps add depth to smaller spaces. The latter is the more traditional choice for most installations. 

To figure out how much flooring you need, calculate the square meterage, add the 5-15% cutting waste factor, and then multiply the result by the width of the flooring board to get a linear value. 

Here’s an example:

  1. Room is 5 metres in length and 4 metres in width = 20 square metres.
  2. 10% cutting waste factor = 2 additional square metres.
  3. Total adjusted square meterage is 22 square metres.
  4. Assume the flooring boards are 20cm wide = 0.2m.
  5. Multiply total square meterage (22) by board width (0.2) = 4.4 linear metres. 

So, to cover a room that measures 20 square metres using 20cm-wide boards with a 10% waste factor, you would need to purchase approximately 4.4 linear metres of flooring. 

To calculate the cost of your purchase, simply multiply the number of linear metres by the price per linear metre. If the price per linear metre is £50, for instance, you would spend £220 for 4.4 linear metres. 

Note: If the flooring is sold by the square metre, simply multiply the total adjusted square meterage—22 square metres in the example above—by the cost per square metre. 

3. Selecting Tools

Now that you’ve purchased enough flooring material for your project, it’s time to gather the tools necessary for the installation. Some of the tools listed below will already be in your toolbox.

  1. Tape Measure

You should already have a tape measure if you’ve carried out the previous step. You use it, along with a carpenter's square and some chalk, to measure and mark straight lines during the installation. 

  1. Dust Mask

When using power tools on wood, dust particles are going to fly everywhere. You definitely wouldn’t want to inhale that dust, so be sure to have a dust mask handy. Ear protection is also recommended. 

  1. Table/Miter Saw

You’ll need a table saw or mitre saw to cut wood planks to size and mitre their edges. We’d recommend getting a sliding mitre saw for wide cross-cuts. 

  1. Jamb Saw

This is a specialised hand saw that’s used to undercut door jambs so that flooring can fit underneath them. This isn’t necessary, but it makes for a clean finish. 

  1. Flooring Nailer/Stapler

You’ll need a nailer or stapler to secure tongue-and-groove hardwood planks to the subfloor. Make sure to purchase nails/staples that are compatible with your flooring thickness. 

  1. Rubber Mallet

This is a soft hammer that you’ll use to tap the flooring together. Avoid using a hammer that has a metal head to prevent dents and damage. 

  1. Tapping Block and Pull Bar

You’ll use these tools with the rubber mallet to tap the wooden planks tightly together and pull them into place while avoiding damage. 

  1. Power Drill/Driver

You’ll use the power drill/drive to screw the flooring planks to the subfloor. We recommend having a selection of drill bits on hand for a smooth installation. 

  1. Moisture Metre

You’ll use this metre to test the moisture content of the subfloor and wooden planks before installation. Wagner and Lingomat are popular brand names to consider. 

  1. Pry Bar

Useful for removing existing floorboards and mouldings. We recommend getting one with a flattened end for easier floorboard/moulding removal.  

  1. Utility Knife

While not an essential tool, you may need it for trimming excess flooring and underlayment. Make sure to use fresh blades for clean cuts. 

  1. Wood Flooring Cleaner

Lastly, you’ll need a flooring cleaner to clean the finished floors after you’re done with the installation. Two of our favourite hardwood floor cleaner brands are Bona and Bruce. 

4. Subfloor Preparation

The subfloor is a building’s foundational floor. It’s typically made up of plywood or concrete. Subfloor preparation, as the name suggests, is the process of getting the subfloor ready for the new flooring materials (i.e., wood). 

There are several ways to prepare your subfloor for wood flooring, from making sure it’s level and in good condition to ensuring it’s clean and dry. 

A typical subfloor preparation involves ensuring that the subfloor is:

  1. Flat and level, using a straight edge or a spirit level. 
  2. Dry, using a moisture metre. 
  3. Clean, by sweeping and removing surface dirt, chemicals, and adhesives. 

5. Underlay or Glue

Underlayment is a material that’s installed between the subfloor and wood flooring to provide moisture protection and sound absorption. Glue or adhesives, on the other hand, are used to bond the wood flooring boards directly to the subfloor. 

If you’re having a hard time choosing between the two, consider their pros and cons:

Underlayment– Cushioning and isolation- Noise and echo reduction- Allows for floating floor installation– More expensive than adhesives- May also require adhesive for stability- Slightly increases floor height 
Adhesion– Strong bond to subflooring- Direct glue-down installation- No need for underlayment– Messy application process- Fumes require ventilation- The floors cannot be floated

Both application methods ensure a smooth and stable finished floor. Choosing between them will boil down to the specific type of flooring being installed and personal preference. 

Go for underlayment if you’re looking to create a buffer layer between the wood flooring and the subflooring. But if you’re looking for a direct attachment method, adhesion is your best bet. 

6. Laying Wood Flooring

After you’ve prepared your subflooring, settled on an application method, and determined the optimal direction for the flooring boards based on the size and shape of the space, it’s time to lay the wood flooring.

Here are the steps you need to follow:

  1. Remove Baseboards and Trim

You first need to pry off existing baseboards, door trim, and thresholds using the pry bar. Be careful not to damage the trim pieces as you’ll reinstall them later. Also, be sure not to damage the walls. 

  1. Lay the Starter Row

From a corner, start laying the first row of boards against the straightest wall in the room, with spacers placed against the walls to allow for expansion gaps. Make sure this starter row is as straight as possible, as this will affect the rest of the installation. 

  1. Stagger the End Joints

The end seams between the boards of each consecutive row should be staggered by at least 150 to 300mm. This ensures stability and prevents aligned seams, which could crack over time. 

  1. Use Fasteners

As you lay each board, use a stapler or nail gun to place fasteners every 100 to 150mm along the boards. You can also use temporary fixing cleats. 

  1. Secret Nail at the Tongue

Secret nailing is a technique where you nail through the tongue of the floorboard at an angle so that the nail heads are concealed once the adjoining board is installed. 

  1. Knock the Boards Into Place

Using the tapping block, gently knock the boards into place. Once again, you don’t want to use a hammer in this step as it can damage the surface of the boards. 

  1. Cut Final Row

Measure and cut the final row of boards to fit snugly against the wall while accounting for the spacer gaps. You may need to use the pry bar to manoeuvre into place. 

  1. Reinstall the Trim

Once you’re done with the steps above, simply renail all skirting boards, thresholds, and door trim to cover the expansion gaps along the walls and doors. 

7. Finishing Wooden Flooring

Finishing is the process of sanding, staining, and applying protective sealant to the wood flooring. If the flooring you bought is already sanded and stained, you’ll only need to apply a sealant. 

Here’s what this process entails:

  1. Sand the Flooring

Use a coarse to fine sandpaper to smoothen the surface of the flooring. You’ll need to vacuum after each sanding to keep the place free of wood particles. 

  1. Apply Stain

If desired, you can use water or oil-based stains to achieve the specific look you want. We recommend testing on samples first. We also recommend applying the stain along with, not against, the wood grain. 

  1. Seal the Floor

Next, you need to seal the floor so that moisture doesn’t seep in between the boards. You can use water-based polyurethane or moisture-cured urethane (for humid environments). 

  1. Apply Wax Finish

This step is optional, but waxing helps give you a classic, low-sheen look that’s quite appealing. We recommend it for low-traffic areas. 

Comprehensive wood flooring installation process in the UK - measuring, floor prep, tools, cost, maintenance. DIY guide for a perfect wooden floor transformation.

8. Maintaining Wood Flooring

Proper maintenance keeps your wooden floor in good condition and extends its beauty. Here are some tips on how to maintain your wooden floor after installation:

  1. Regular Sweeping and Vacuuming

Use a soft-bristle broom to sweep your wood flooring regularly. Also, use a hardwood-safe vacuum to get rid of dirt and debris that can scratch the wood. 

  1. Cleaning Spills Promptly

Any liquid spills should be wiped up as quickly as possible. If you let it linger long enough, it will stain and warp the wood. 

  1. Damp Mopping

If you’re used to mopping your floor every so often, you’ll want to tone it down a bit. And when it’s time to mop, be sure to use a damp, not wet, mop to avoid soaking the floors.

  1. Controlling Humidity

You can probably see the pattern here; water and wood flooring don’t mix! So you’ll want to keep the humidity level in your house between 40% and 60% to minimise expansion and contraction. 

  1. Using Felt Pads for Furniture

Attach felt pads to chair and table legs to prevent them from scratching and denting your hardwood floor. 

  1. Limiting Direct Sunlight

UV light can damage your wooden floor and cause it to fade. So be sure to use curtains, shades, or rugs to limit direct sunlight exposure. 

Please bear in mind that different types of wood flooring require different levels of maintenance. For instance, exotic wood that’s imported from tropical regions often requires more careful maintenance than domestic hardwoods. 

Generally speaking, darker, smoother wood floors show wear and tear more readily than lighter, wire-brushed floors. So the darker and smoother your floor, the more maintenance it’ll need. 

Do Different Styles and Patterns Require a Different Installation Process?

Yes, different flooring styles and patterns do require a slightly different installation process. For instance:

  1. Solid Hardwood

Basic installation; often nailed or stapled to the subfloor. It comes in simple patterns like parallel boards or squares. 

  1. Engineered Wood

Can accommodate more intricate design patterns like herringbone due to its dimensional stability. That said, the boards must be precisely cut and glued to the subfloor rather than nailed. 

  1. Exotic Woods

Brittleness and hardness may limit pattern options in certain exotic wood varieties. They’re often glued down to the subfloor as opposed to nailed or stapled. 

How Much Does It Cost to Install Wood Flooring?

The wood itself is going to cost anywhere from £20 to £100 per square metre, depending on the type of wood you choose. Add another £15 to £30 per square metre for the installation. 

Several factors affect the cost of wood flooring installation. Different patterns and finishes can be more expensive than others. You also have to account for factors like board width and wood grade. 

Here’s a brief explanation:

  1. Wood Species

Different wood species come at different prices as a result of their varying availability and durability. As an example, pine costs considerably less than walnut because it’s not as resistant to damage. 

  1. Pattern/Design

Certain patterns and designs are more intricate and elaborate than others, requiring more skill and time from your contractor to install. 

  1. Finish

Traditional finishes like oil and wax are more affordable than more modern finishes like lacquer and varnish.

  1. Board Width

Narrow plank widths (70mm to 100mm) often cost less than wider planks (125mm to 200mm). 

  1. Wood Grade

The higher the wood grade, as in the fewer knots and defects it has, the more it costs. 

How Long Does It Take to Install Wood Flooring?

Wood flooring installation for an average-sized room takes 2-5 days. If you’re flooring an entire house, the process can take 1-2 weeks. 

The time it takes to complete a wood flooring installation varies based on a range of factors, the biggest of which is room size. Flooring larger rooms or multiple rooms will need more total labour hours to complete. 

Other factors that affect installation time include:

Do You Need to Hire a Professional for Wood Flooring Installation?

No, you don’t need to hire a professional for wood flooring installation. However, unless you have experience with flooring projects, hiring a professional would be advisable. 

Pros of hiring a professional:

Cons of hiring a professional:

Can You Fit Wood Flooring Yourself?

You can, but unless you have enough DIY flooring experience, we wouldn’t recommend it. It’s a difficult project that requires a great deal of experience. 

Pros of DIY wood flooring:

Cons of DIY wood flooring:

Can You Install Wood Flooring Over Your Existing Flooring?

Yes, but it depends on the type of existing flooring you have. You can install wood over concrete, tile, sheet vinyl, OSB, and plywood. You shouldn’t install it over carpet, cushioned vinyl, or floating floors. 

Does Wood Flooring Need Acclimation Before Installation?

Yes, wood needs to acclimate for 3-5 days in the room in which it will be installed. This is to allow the boards to adjust the room’s temperature and humidity. 

What Are Some Common Problems When Laying Wood Flooring?

Some of the most common problems when laying wood flooring include:

What Is the Process for Installing Laminate Flooring?

Here are the steps to installing laminate flooring:

  1. Make sure the subfloor is clean and level
  2. Cut the planks to fit room size
  3. Lay foam underlayment
  4. Leave an expansion gap of around 10-15mm
  5. Stagger the end joints of the planks
  6. Lock the planks together on their ends and sides
  7. Use spacer wedges for proper alignment
  8. Seal the seams (you can use silicone caulk)

What Is the Process of Installing Vinyl Flooring?

Here are the steps to installing vinyl flooring:

  1. Clean and level the subfloor
  2. Cut the planks to fit room size
  3. Lay a thin foam underlayment
  4. Place the planks with the tongue side facing the wall
  5. Lock the planks together on their ends and sides
  6. Heat the seams using a heat gun
  7. Install trim moulding over the edges


Wood flooring adds a timeless and natural beauty to any space. It’s versatile, durable, and easy to maintain, not to mention that it increases your property’s value!

While it’s possible to DIY a wood flooring project, it’s not recommended. If you don’t have enough experience, you’ll run into a host of problems that will eventually lead to poor results. For professional wood flooring installation in the UK, get in touch with us.