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Choosing the right wood flooring finishes transforms your space, adding charm and architectural interest. This guide covers everything, starting with an exploration of different types of finishes—ranging from oil-based to varnish—and their unique characteristics.

We then move on to application techniques, demystifying the process and offering practical tips. Next, we delve into the expected lifespan of these finishes and the crucial aspects of their maintenance, including treatment and cleaning.

Cost considerations, pet-friendliness, and the versatility of finishes across flooring types are also discussed. With this knowledge, selecting a finish that complements your wooden flooring becomes an easier, more informed decision.

Wood flooring finishes installation, maintenance, and cost. Learn about types, pros, cons, and applications. Enhance your space with beautiful wooden floors.

What Are Wood Flooring Finishes?

Wood flooring finishes are the protective and decorative treatments applied to wooden surfaces. They serve as a functional ‘seal’ and aesthetic enhancer.

Whether you’re redecorating or starting from scratch, knowing about finishes is crucial – they’re the front-line defence against damage and the final flourish that underlines your floor’s beauty.

What Are the Different Types of Wood Flooring Finishes?

There are many types of wood flooring finishes, each with its unique properties and effects. In this section, we’ll provide a brief overview of each.

Oil-based

At the core, oil-based finishes for wood flooring are treatments that use oil as a primary ingredient to protect and beautify the wood.

Oil-based finishes penetrate the wood, enriching its grain and providing a warm, natural glow. These finishes are often preferred for their durability and traditional aesthetic.

When applied, the oil penetrates deep into the wood fibres, strengthening them from within and creating a protective barrier on the surface.

Oil-based finishes have their share of benefits and drawbacks.

Pros

Cons

Water-based

Water-based finishes are protective coatings for wood floors, primarily composed of water.

These finishes are known for their clear, non-yellowing nature, allowing the wood’s natural beauty to shine. They also dry quickly, making them popular for projects with tight timelines.

Environmentally conscious homeowners often prefer water-based finishes due to their lower volatile organic compound (VOC) content compared to oil-based counterparts.

However, it’s important to weigh the pros and cons before deciding.

Pros

Cons

Lacquered

The lacquered finish is a type of wood floor finish that provides a hard, highly reflective surface.

Lacquered finishes involve the application of a pre-prepared lacquer, creating a hard, sealed surface. This type of finish adds a touch of glamour to any room with its high sheen and reflective qualities.

Although quite durable, any scratches or dents that occur are often more noticeable due to the glossy finish. Lacquers are generally easy to clean and maintain, making them a popular choice for spaces that need to look pristine, such as commercial premises or elegant households.

As with any finish, it’s important to consider the pros and cons.

Pros

Cons

Wax

A wax finish is a traditional wood flooring finish that uses natural wax to enhance the wood’s texture and patina. Wax finishes are an age-old method dating back centuries, which have grown in popularity recently.

These finishes are appreciated for the rich, low-sheen lustre they provide, which can be buffed up to a higher shine if desired. They also offer a more tactile surface feel than many modern finishes.

However, wax finishes are less durable than lacquered or varnished finishes and require more maintenance.

Let’s weigh the pros and cons.

Pros

Cons

Shellac

Shellac is a wood finish derived from the secretions of the female lac bug, offering a natural, glossy finish for wood floors.

Shellac finishes have been used for centuries, long before the advent of synthetic products, and are revered for their eco-friendliness and quick-drying properties.

They produce a warm, rich finish that enhances the wood’s natural grain. Shellac is also safe for food contact, making it a popular choice for kitchen tables and countertops.

However, it’s less resistant to water and alcohol spills compared to other finishes and may require more frequent maintenance.

Let’s explore the pros and cons.

Pros

Cons

Varnish

Varnish is a clear protective finish widely used in wood flooring for its durability and versatility.

Known for its exceptional durability, varnish forms a hard, protective surface over the wood, safeguarding it from everyday wear and tear. It’s available in various sheen levels, composed of oil, resin, and solvents, from matte to high-gloss.

Varnish is often chosen for its capacity to resist heat, chemical damage, and UV radiation. However, applying it requires precision, as any application flaws can be easily noticed.

Considering the strengths and weaknesses is important:

Pros

Cons

How Do You Apply Wood Flooring Finishes?

The application of wood flooring finishes is the next key piece of our puzzle. In this section, we’ll walk you through the fundamentals of how to apply these finishes, from the necessary preparations to the application techniques.

Applying wood flooring finishes involves several crucial steps to ensure a durable, aesthetically pleasing result. Starting with a clean, sanded wood surface is essential; any dust or flaws may show through the finish.

Safety is paramount; wearing protective gear, including gloves and a mask, is critical due to the chemical nature of some finishes.

Also, the choice of application tool depends on the type of finish. Brushes, rollers, or lambswool applicators work well for most finishes, though each has its advantages. Brushes, for instance, provide control, while rollers cover large areas faster.

The finish must be evenly applied, usually in the direction of the wood grain. It’s important to allow sufficient drying times between coats—hurrying this process can lead to a patchy finish.

Finally, each layer should be lightly sanded to promote adhesion of the next coat, creating a seamless, professional result. 

Wood flooring finishes installation, maintenance, and cost. Learn about types, pros, cons, and applications. Enhance your space with beautiful wooden floors.

How Long Do Wood Flooring Finishes Last?

Wood flooring finishes typically last between 1 and 10 years, depending largely on various factors:

How Do You Maintain Wood Flooring Finishes?

Keeping your wood flooring finishes in top shape is key to preserving their aesthetic and functional appeal. In this segment, we’ll touch upon the key aspects of maintaining your wood floor finishes, ensuring their longevity and sustained beauty.

Treatment

This refers to applying specific products or methods to enhance the durability and appearance of your wood floor finish.

  1. Reapplying Finish: Over time, finishes may wear out and require reapplication. This rejuvenation helps maintain the protective layer, enhancing the lifespan of the wood underneath.
  2. Buffing: This is a process to refresh the look of your floor. It involves light sanding to prepare the surface for a new topcoat of finish, allowing your floor to regain its lustre.
  3. Oiling: For oil-finished floors, periodic oiling helps replenish the protective oil layer, nourishing the wood and maintaining the finish’s beautiful, natural look.

Cleaning

Cleaning is the regular removal of dust, dirt and spills from the surface of the finished wood floor to preserve its appearance and prevent damage.

  1. Sweeping or Vacuuming: Regularly remove dust and dirt with a soft broom or vacuum cleaner. This prevents abrasive particles from scratching the finish.
  2. Mopping: Use a damp (not wet) mop with a cleaner suitable for your specific finish. Excess water can seep into the wood, causing damage.
  3. Immediate Spill Cleanup: Attend to spills promptly to prevent staining or water damage. Always use a soft, absorbent cloth for this purpose.

How Much Do Wood Flooring Finishes Cost?

Wood flooring finishes in the UK typically range from £10 to £50 per litre. The cost largely depends on the type of finish:

Several factors influence the final cost:

Are Wood Flooring Finishes Good for Pets?

Yes, wood flooring finishes can be good for pets, provided they are chosen and maintained correctly. Finishes add a protective layer to the flooring, guarding it against potential scratches or damage from pets.

However, certain finishes may be more resistant to pet-related wear and tear than others, so it’s crucial to select an appropriate type based on your specific needs.

Can You Have the Same Finishes on Different Types of Flooring?

Yes, you can have the same finishes on different types of flooring. However, the choice of finish should consider the flooring material’s specific characteristics.

As each type of flooring has its unique properties and requirements, the efficiency and appearance of a finish may vary across different materials. It is always advised to consult with a flooring professional to choose the most suitable finish for your specific type of flooring.

Conclusion

Selecting and maintaining the right wood flooring finish can make all the difference to your home. It not only enhances the beauty of your interiors but also ensures the longevity of your wooden floors.

Remember the variety of finishes we talked about at the beginning – from oil-based to varnish. Each offers its unique benefits and challenges, and knowing these details will guide you in making an informed decision that suits your needs, aesthetic preferences, and budget.

Ensure you understand the application process, how long a finish lasts, and how to maintain it. Consider your specific circumstances – do you have pets? What type of flooring do you have? These factors can influence your decision. Most importantly, don’t hesitate to contact us at Allfloors Trade Centre for professional flooring services. Our expertise can save you time, money, and potential missteps.

Choosing the best wood flooring patterns that suit your taste and lifestyle adds personality to your living quarters. These patterns not only serve as the foundation of your interior decor but also mirror your unique sense of style.

Whether you’re looking for something with a traditional feel like herringbone and chevron or a more modern layout like basketweave, this article gives you a comprehensive list to assist your shopping.

In the following sections, we’ll delve into different types of wood flooring patterns, their installation process, and costs. 

Wood flooring patterns guide with types, installation, and price information. Explore straight, diagonal, herringbone, and more for stunning floor designs in UK homes.

What Is A Wood Flooring Pattern?

A wood flooring pattern defines the arrangement of planks during installation. These wood floor layout patterns influence a room’s aesthetic, perceived size, and flow, making them a crucial element of your interior design.

What Are The Different Types Of Wood Flooring Patterns?

Wood flooring patterns can vary, offering numerous layout designs that can transform your room’s visual appeal. Here’s a look at some popular types and their suitability for different home settings.

Straight

Straight is the most common wood flooring pattern. Planks are laid parallel to each other along the length or width of the room. This pattern can be used in any setting, providing a clean, contemporary feel. It’s great for minimalist homeowners seeking simplicity.

Pros

Cons

Diagonal

The Diagonal pattern sees planks at a 45-degree angle, offering a more dynamic aesthetic. It is ideal for spacious, open-plan settings and provides a sense of movement and drama. Those seeking a unique twist on traditional layouts will love this pattern.

Pros

Cons

Random

Random pattern planks cut the material in varying lengths, resulting in an informal, organic look. Perfectly suited for rustic or country-style homes, this pattern is recommended for those who want an unconventional, textured appearance.

Pros

Cons

Brick

Brick pattern emulates classic brickwork, with each row offset at the mid-point of the row below. It’s best for cosy, traditional homes, and a favourite among those who appreciate timeless design.

Pros

Cons

Basketweave

Basketweave is an intricate pattern, forming a design that resembles woven strands. Ideal for large, elegant rooms, it is recommended for homeowners who fancy a touch of sophistication.

Pros

Cons

Herringbone

Herringbone pattern uses rectangular blocks arranged in a distinctive ‘V’ shape. Suited for grand, spacious rooms, it’s perfect for those desiring a sense of luxury.

Pros

Cons

Chevron

Chevron pattern, like Herringbone, forms ‘V’ shapes, but the ends of the planks are cut at an angle to create a more continuous zigzag. Ideal for modern minimalistic homes, it’s suited for aesthetically-driven homeowners.

Pros

Cons

Parquet

Parquet consists of geometric patterns formed with small wooden blocks. It’s perfect for traditional homes or rooms needing a centrepiece. Parquet is an excellent choice for homeowners valuing artistry and creative design.

Pros

Cons

Tile

Tile pattern involves creating a square board of four planks and then replicating it throughout the room. Suitable for both small and large spaces, it’s a top choice for practical homeowners wanting a versatile solution. 

Pros

Cons

Versailles

Versailles pattern is a highly ornamental parquet design, characterised by squares filled with diagonal and interlacing lines. Ideal for large, opulent spaces, it’s recommended for homeowners seeking grandeur.

Pros

Cons

Wood flooring patterns guide with types, installation, and price information. Explore straight, diagonal, herringbone, and more for stunning floor designs in UK homes.

How Do You Install The Different Patterns?

Installing wood flooring patterns can take time, but with the right preparations, materials, and expert support, it doesn’t have to be a headache. 

The fundamental materials needed for installation generally include the wood flooring planks, a saw for cutting, adhesive for glue-down installations, nails for nail-down installations, a rubber mallet to fit the planks together, and spacers to maintain an expansion gap around the room’s perimeter. 

Each flooring pattern has its unique installation approach. The Straight pattern is the simplest to install, with planks laid parallel to each other. For the Diagonal pattern, the planks are placed at a 45-degree angle to the walls. The Random pattern requires careful planning to ensure an aesthetically pleasing mix of plank lengths. 

Patterns like Brick, Basketweave, Herringbone, Chevron, and Parquet need careful measurements and meticulous placement due to their complex designs. The Tile pattern is relatively easy to fit, with the only challenge being the initial layout. 

Versailles, being highly detailed, can be quite complex and usually requires professional installation.

Always maintain consistent spacing around the room’s perimeter to allow for wood expansion. For more intricate designs, we recommend hiring a professional installer. 

How Much Do The Different Patterns Cost?

Prices for wood flooring patterns can greatly vary, from as low as £20 per square metre for basic designs, skyrocketing to £100+ per square metre for more intricate patterns.

Here’s a general breakdown of costs, though actual prices can vary depending on several factors such as the type of wood used, the complexity of the pattern, and labour costs.

The above estimates are indicative and sourced from various UK flooring specialists and installation services. For the full cost of flooring installation, the following factors will affect your expenses:

For exact costs, we recommend reaching out to local specialists for quotes based on your specific project.

Can You Make Patterns With Any Other Type Of Flooring?

Yes, you certainly can create patterns with other types of flooring. Wood is just one of many materials suitable for floor pattern designs.

1. Tile: Tiles come in numerous shapes, sizes, colours, and materials, making them ideal for creating unique patterns. Consider using porcelain or ceramic tiles for geometric patterns. 

2. Laminate: Laminate flooring, often imitating the look of wood or stone, can also be arranged into patterns such as herringbone or brick.

3. Vinyl: With vinyl flooring, you can experiment with patterns while enjoying the benefit of a durable and affordable material. Luxury Vinyl Tiles (LVT) can be used for intricate patterns.

4. Stone: Stone flooring (like marble, granite, or travertine) offers unique textures and colours, suitable for creating visually striking patterns, especially for grand entryways.

5. Carpet Tiles: These provide the comfort of carpet but with the ability to create custom designs. Consider using contrasting coloured tiles for maximum visual impact.

Your pattern choice depends on the look you’re aiming to achieve, your budget, and practical considerations like durability and maintenance.

Conclusion

The flooring pattern you choose influences the room’s perceived size and flow. Whether it’s the simplicity of a straight pattern or the majestic complexity of the Versailles design, your choice will reflect your style and practical needs. 

Don’t hesitate to seek expert help. Flooring experts can provide advice tailored to your needs and home specifications, guiding you through various choices. We started this journey by discussing the importance of selecting the right flooring pattern. Now, it’s your turn to take the next step.
Take your time, explore different possibilities, and when you’re ready, get in touch with our local specialist to turn your vision into reality.

If you’re a homeowner or business owner with a penchant for the natural, timeless appeal of wood flooring, the subject of maintaining it might interest you. In this guide, we will delve into maintaining wood flooring to keep the shine and longevity of your wood floors, ensuring they remain a worthwhile investment for years to come.

We’ll explore the simplicity or complexity of maintaining wood flooring, the differing maintenance requirements based on the type, cleaning methods, suitable cleaners, recommended treatments, and the role of repairs in upkeep. We will also provide an idea of the costs involved. 

Is Wood Flooring Easy To Maintain?

Yes, maintaining wood flooring is typically straightforward when equipped with the proper knowledge and tools. However, it’s important to remember that the ease of maintenance can significantly depend on the type of wood flooring installed in your home or office.

Do Different Types of Wood Flooring Require Different Maintenance?

Yes, different types of wood flooring require specific care and maintenance routines. Understanding the unique needs of each flooring type can extend its lifespan and maintain its aesthetic appeal. 

We will examine the different types of wood flooring below:

Solid Wood Flooring

Solid wood flooring is a true classic, comprising single timber cut into planks. This type of flooring is admired for its longevity and ability to be refinished multiple times.

Engineered Wood Flooring 

Engineered wood flooring is a popular choice, known for its layering structure. It consists of a top layer of real wood supported by less expensive, high-quality ply layers. 

Laminated Wood Flooring

Laminated wood flooring is a cost-effective alternative that simulates the appearance of real wood. It consists of a high-resolution image of wood placed over a core board. 

How Do You Clean Wood Flooring?

Cleaning wood flooring involves a series of steps to keep the floor spotless and in pristine condition. 

The following checklist offers a straightforward guideline for cleaning wood flooring:

☐ Use a soft-bristled broom or vacuum with a soft brush attachment, a microfiber mop, and a soft, dry cloth for wiping.
☐ Use a cleaner specifically designed for wood floors.
☐ Remove small furniture, rugs, or other obstacles from the floor.
☐ Start from one corner, sweeping in the direction of the wood grain.
☐ Dampen your mop with a properly diluted cleaning solution, then mop from one corner of the room, working your way towards the exit.
☐ Immediately after mopping, dry your floor with a soft, dry cloth or towel.
☐ Ensure your mop and cloth are damp, not soaking wet.
☐ After wiping, check for any damp spots and wipe again if necessary.
☐ Regularly sweep and mop your floor, and wipe immediately after mopping.
☐ Harsh chemicals can damage your wood floor. Always use the appropriate tools and cleaning solutions.
Wood Flooring Maintenance Checklist

Let’s delve into each step and discover how to execute them effectively.

Sweep

Sweeping is an important initial step in maintaining your wood floors. It effectively removes dust, dirt, and loose debris that could otherwise scratch your flooring. While sweeping wooden floors, follow these steps carefully:

Mop

Mopping involves using a damp mop, not a wet one, to clean the flooring. This is done after sweeping to avoid scratches. Here is how to mop your wooden floors effectively and safely:

Wipe

Wiping is the final step in cleaning wooden flooring. It involves drying the floor after mopping to ensure no water is left on the wood surface, as leftover water can damage wood flooring over time. Follow these steps to dry your wooden floors properly:

What Cleaners To Use In Maintaining Wood Flooring?

Selecting the right cleaner is crucial in maintaining the beauty and extending the life span of wood flooring. These are the various cleaners you can use for your wooden floors:

1. Specialised Wood Floor Cleaners: These are cleaners formulated specifically for wood floors. They are gentle yet effective at removing dirt and grime without damaging the wood or leaving a residue. When choosing a wood floor cleaner, ensure it suits your type of wood flooring.

2. pH-Neutral Soap: Mild, pH-neutral soaps mixed with warm water can be a safe and effective cleaner for sealed wood floors. Avoid using acidic or alkaline cleaners, as they can dull or damage the finish.

3. White Vinegar and Water: A solution of half a cup of white vinegar to a gallon of lukewarm water is a popular homemade cleaner. However, it should be used sparingly, as overuse of vinegar can dull the finish over time.

4. Special Care for Oil Floors: If your wood floor has an oiled finish, using a soap designed explicitly for oiled wood floors can help preserve the oil finish and enhance the wood’s natural beauty.

5. Avoid Steam Cleaners and Wet Mops: Steam cleaners and wet mops should never be used on wooden floors as they can damage the finish and warp the wood.

Wood Floor Cleaners

Wood Floor Cleaners are specifically formulated cleaning products designed to clean wood floors safely and effectively. They come in various types, including sprays, concentrates, and ready-to-use formulas.

The pros and cons of using these cleaners include:

Pros:

Cons:

Wood flooring care and maintenance tips for solid, engineered, and laminated wood floors. Best treatments and cleaners for wood floor care.

What Are The Best Treatments For Maintaining Wood Flooring?

Wood flooring treatments vary based on the type of wood flooring and specific needs. A few popular treatments include:

Each of these treatments carries its unique set of advantages and drawbacks.

TreatmentProsCons
Regular Sweeping and MoppingPrevents build-up of dust and dirt. Easy to do and cost-effective. Extends the life of the floor.Can miss some embedded dirt and grime. Sweeping can cause scratches if not done with a soft-bristled broom.
Specialised Wood Floor CleanersFormulated specifically for wood floors. Safely clean without damaging the finish.Some may contain chemicals that some people prefer to avoid.
Periodic Professional Deep CleaningThorough cleaning that can remove embedded dirt and grime. Can reach hard-to-clean areas.Can be costly. May require scheduling and availability.
Applying Suitable Wood Floor FinishesProtects the flooring and enhances its appearance. Can help resist scratches and stains.Requires expertise to apply properly. Some finishes may emit volatile organic compounds (VOCs).
Timely Repairs and RefinishingPrevents further damage and maintains the integrity and appearance of the flooring. Can fix scratches, dents, and stains.Can be expensive depending on the extent of the repair. Requires expertise to perform properly.

How Does Repairing Wooden Flooring Help In Maintaining Wood Flooring?

Repairing wood flooring is a crucial aspect of its maintenance. It restores the floor’s aesthetic appeal and extends its lifespan. Small repairs, such as fixing minor scratches, and large ones, like board replacement, can prevent further damage and maintain the integrity of the flooring. 

How Do You Refinish Wood Flooring?

Refinishing wood flooring involves removing the existing floor finish, sanding the surface to smooth out any scratches or discolourations, and then applying a new finish. This process rejuvenates your wood flooring, allowing it to regain its original lustre and charm.

These steps should help you get started: 

1. Clear the Room: Remove all furniture, rugs, and other items from the room.

2. Clean the Floor: Thoroughly clean the floor to remove dust and debris. Ensure the floor is completely dry before moving to the next step.

3. Sand the Floor: Use a sander to remove the old finish and smooth any scratches or discolourations. Start with coarse-grit sandpaper and move to finer grits for a smooth finish.

4. Clean Again: Vacuum or wipe away the dust created by sanding. This vital step ensures dust doesn’t get trapped beneath the new finish.

5. Apply the Stain (Optional): If you wish to change the colour of your floor, apply a wood stain evenly, following the direction of the wood grain. Allow it to dry completely.

6. Apply the Finish: Using a brush or roller, apply a thin layer of wood finish, again following the direction of the grain. Allow it to dry according to the manufacturer’s instructions.

7. Add Additional Coats (If necessary): Depending on the type of finish used and the desired look, you may need to apply additional coats. Always ensure the previous coat is completely dry before adding another.

8. Let the Floor Cure: Let the finished floor cure for a few days before moving furniture back into the room.

This process can be quite labour-intensive and requires expertise, so many people hire professionals to refinish their wood floors.

What Is The Cost Of Maintaining Wood Flooring?

The cost of maintaining wood flooring can fluctuate based on the type of wood, the space size, and the specific maintenance tasks being conducted. Here are some average costs in the UK:

These approximate costs can vary based on various factors, including your geographical location and the specific condition of your flooring. 

Conclusion

Maintaining your wood flooring need not be a daunting task. With the knowledge you’ve gained from this guide, you should now be equipped to effectively handle the care and maintenance of your wood flooring. 

But remember, the key to the longevity of your wood flooring lies in regular maintenance and prompt repairs. Ensure that you treat your flooring with the care it deserves, and it will reward you with enduring beauty and durability. 
Do you need professional help in maintaining your wood flooring? Don’t hesitate to contact us at The Ultimate Flooring, your trusted partner in all things relating to wood flooring.

With its rich patina and timeless elegance, wood flooring never goes out of style. It can elevate any décor and add a lot of character and value to your home with its natural warmth and classic beauty. 

Wood flooring is sturdy and long-lasting if maintained properly, lasting up to 100 years or more. And even though it can be scratched, the scratches can add a touch of antique charm, especially as the wood ages. 

In this comprehensive guide, we’ll discuss everything you need to know about the wood flooring installation process, from its main steps to whether or not it’s DIY-friendly.

1. Choosing Your Flooring

First order of business, you need to choose the right type of wood flooring for your project. There are several factors to consider here as indicated below. 

  1. Type of Wood

Solid hardwood, engineered wood, and laminate floors each have their pros and cons. Solid hardwood is the way to go for maximum longevity, whereas engineered wood is perfect for dimensional stability, especially with radiant heat or concrete subfloor installations. If you’re on a tight budget, laminate floors are a good option. 

  1. Width of Floorboards

Deciding on the width of the floorboards will boil down to aesthetic preferences. Wide-plank floors, around 125mm to 200mm, offer a dramatic and rustic look, but they’re more costly than traditional floors (70mm to 100mm).

  1. Quality Grade

Higher grades of wood have a uniform, almost flawless appearance but come with a high price tag. Lower grades tend to have knots and visible character marks. Choose the grade that suits your budget and desired look. 

  1. Colour and Finish

Do you want your flooring to be light (e.g., natural oak) or dark (e.g., walnut)? Also, do you want a glossy finish that offers shine and depth or a matte/satin finish with a more subtle lustre? 

Along with the above-listed factors, which relate mainly to the characteristics of wood, there are non-wood-related factors that should influence your choice of flooring, namely: 

Living rooms and bedrooms allow more flexibility in flooring choices compared to high-moisture areas like bathrooms and kitchens. Solid hardwood and engineered wood are suitable for most rooms, while LVT and laminate are suited for kitchens and bathrooms. 

For smaller rooms, we highly recommend going with wide-plank floors. Narrow-plank floors can make small rooms feel cramped, while wide planks will make them look more commodious. 

Wide-plank, matte-finish floors are best suited for contemporary spaces. For traditional homes, glossy-finish classic oak, maple, or cherry floors are a good fit. For more rustic styles, opt for distressed or hand-scraped wood. 

Houses with kids or pets may warrant more scratch-resistant wood finishes. As for houses in humid climates, they should opt for wood varieties that offer high dimensional stability, like red oak and ash. 

The amount of natural and artificial lighting can affect how a wood floor looks. For example, darker stains typically show more detail in bright light. 

2. Measuring Up

The next step in a typical wood flooring installation involves taking measurements to calculate how much flooring you need and a rough estimate of the cost. 

  1. Calculate the Square Meterage 

Using a tape measure or a laser distance measurer, measure the length and width of each room you’re looking to refloor. We recommend taking measurements in multiple spots as most rooms aren’t perfectly rectangular. You then multiply the average length by the average width to get the square meterage. 

Example: If the room’s length is 6m and the width is 4m, the square meterage would be 24m². For irregular rooms, check out this video tutorial

  1. Account for Cutting Waste

The figure you calculated in the previous step isn’t the final figure. You still need to account for cutting waste and defects. To do so, add 5-10% to the square meterage. If you’re working with parquets as opposed to planks, you should add 12-15%. 

  1. Figure Out Flooring Direction

Perpendicular flooring draws the eye from side to side across a room. This has the effect of making a room appear larger. Parallel flooring draws the eye ahead in the direction of entryways or windows. It helps add depth to smaller spaces. The latter is the more traditional choice for most installations. 

To figure out how much flooring you need, calculate the square meterage, add the 5-15% cutting waste factor, and then multiply the result by the width of the flooring board to get a linear value. 

Here’s an example:

  1. Room is 5 metres in length and 4 metres in width = 20 square metres.
  2. 10% cutting waste factor = 2 additional square metres.
  3. Total adjusted square meterage is 22 square metres.
  4. Assume the flooring boards are 20cm wide = 0.2m.
  5. Multiply total square meterage (22) by board width (0.2) = 4.4 linear metres. 

So, to cover a room that measures 20 square metres using 20cm-wide boards with a 10% waste factor, you would need to purchase approximately 4.4 linear metres of flooring. 

To calculate the cost of your purchase, simply multiply the number of linear metres by the price per linear metre. If the price per linear metre is £50, for instance, you would spend £220 for 4.4 linear metres. 

Note: If the flooring is sold by the square metre, simply multiply the total adjusted square meterage—22 square metres in the example above—by the cost per square metre. 

3. Selecting Tools

Now that you’ve purchased enough flooring material for your project, it’s time to gather the tools necessary for the installation. Some of the tools listed below will already be in your toolbox.

  1. Tape Measure

You should already have a tape measure if you’ve carried out the previous step. You use it, along with a carpenter’s square and some chalk, to measure and mark straight lines during the installation. 

  1. Dust Mask

When using power tools on wood, dust particles are going to fly everywhere. You definitely wouldn’t want to inhale that dust, so be sure to have a dust mask handy. Ear protection is also recommended. 

  1. Table/Miter Saw

You’ll need a table saw or mitre saw to cut wood planks to size and mitre their edges. We’d recommend getting a sliding mitre saw for wide cross-cuts. 

  1. Jamb Saw

This is a specialised hand saw that’s used to undercut door jambs so that flooring can fit underneath them. This isn’t necessary, but it makes for a clean finish. 

  1. Flooring Nailer/Stapler

You’ll need a nailer or stapler to secure tongue-and-groove hardwood planks to the subfloor. Make sure to purchase nails/staples that are compatible with your flooring thickness. 

  1. Rubber Mallet

This is a soft hammer that you’ll use to tap the flooring together. Avoid using a hammer that has a metal head to prevent dents and damage. 

  1. Tapping Block and Pull Bar

You’ll use these tools with the rubber mallet to tap the wooden planks tightly together and pull them into place while avoiding damage. 

  1. Power Drill/Driver

You’ll use the power drill/drive to screw the flooring planks to the subfloor. We recommend having a selection of drill bits on hand for a smooth installation. 

  1. Moisture Metre

You’ll use this metre to test the moisture content of the subfloor and wooden planks before installation. Wagner and Lingomat are popular brand names to consider. 

  1. Pry Bar

Useful for removing existing floorboards and mouldings. We recommend getting one with a flattened end for easier floorboard/moulding removal.  

  1. Utility Knife

While not an essential tool, you may need it for trimming excess flooring and underlayment. Make sure to use fresh blades for clean cuts. 

  1. Wood Flooring Cleaner

Lastly, you’ll need a flooring cleaner to clean the finished floors after you’re done with the installation. Two of our favourite hardwood floor cleaner brands are Bona and Bruce. 

4. Subfloor Preparation

The subfloor is a building’s foundational floor. It’s typically made up of plywood or concrete. Subfloor preparation, as the name suggests, is the process of getting the subfloor ready for the new flooring materials (i.e., wood). 

There are several ways to prepare your subfloor for wood flooring, from making sure it’s level and in good condition to ensuring it’s clean and dry. 

A typical subfloor preparation involves ensuring that the subfloor is:

  1. Flat and level, using a straight edge or a spirit level. 
  2. Dry, using a moisture metre. 
  3. Clean, by sweeping and removing surface dirt, chemicals, and adhesives. 

5. Underlay or Glue

Underlayment is a material that’s installed between the subfloor and wood flooring to provide moisture protection and sound absorption. Glue or adhesives, on the other hand, are used to bond the wood flooring boards directly to the subfloor. 

If you’re having a hard time choosing between the two, consider their pros and cons:

MethodProsCons
Underlayment– Cushioning and isolation- Noise and echo reduction- Allows for floating floor installation– More expensive than adhesives- May also require adhesive for stability- Slightly increases floor height 
Adhesion– Strong bond to subflooring- Direct glue-down installation- No need for underlayment– Messy application process- Fumes require ventilation- The floors cannot be floated

Both application methods ensure a smooth and stable finished floor. Choosing between them will boil down to the specific type of flooring being installed and personal preference. 

Go for underlayment if you’re looking to create a buffer layer between the wood flooring and the subflooring. But if you’re looking for a direct attachment method, adhesion is your best bet. 

6. Laying Wood Flooring

After you’ve prepared your subflooring, settled on an application method, and determined the optimal direction for the flooring boards based on the size and shape of the space, it’s time to lay the wood flooring.

Here are the steps you need to follow:

  1. Remove Baseboards and Trim

You first need to pry off existing baseboards, door trim, and thresholds using the pry bar. Be careful not to damage the trim pieces as you’ll reinstall them later. Also, be sure not to damage the walls. 

  1. Lay the Starter Row

From a corner, start laying the first row of boards against the straightest wall in the room, with spacers placed against the walls to allow for expansion gaps. Make sure this starter row is as straight as possible, as this will affect the rest of the installation. 

  1. Stagger the End Joints

The end seams between the boards of each consecutive row should be staggered by at least 150 to 300mm. This ensures stability and prevents aligned seams, which could crack over time. 

  1. Use Fasteners

As you lay each board, use a stapler or nail gun to place fasteners every 100 to 150mm along the boards. You can also use temporary fixing cleats. 

  1. Secret Nail at the Tongue

Secret nailing is a technique where you nail through the tongue of the floorboard at an angle so that the nail heads are concealed once the adjoining board is installed. 

  1. Knock the Boards Into Place

Using the tapping block, gently knock the boards into place. Once again, you don’t want to use a hammer in this step as it can damage the surface of the boards. 

  1. Cut Final Row

Measure and cut the final row of boards to fit snugly against the wall while accounting for the spacer gaps. You may need to use the pry bar to manoeuvre into place. 

  1. Reinstall the Trim

Once you’re done with the steps above, simply renail all skirting boards, thresholds, and door trim to cover the expansion gaps along the walls and doors. 

7. Finishing Wooden Flooring

Finishing is the process of sanding, staining, and applying protective sealant to the wood flooring. If the flooring you bought is already sanded and stained, you’ll only need to apply a sealant. 

Here’s what this process entails:

  1. Sand the Flooring

Use a coarse to fine sandpaper to smoothen the surface of the flooring. You’ll need to vacuum after each sanding to keep the place free of wood particles. 

  1. Apply Stain

If desired, you can use water or oil-based stains to achieve the specific look you want. We recommend testing on samples first. We also recommend applying the stain along with, not against, the wood grain. 

  1. Seal the Floor

Next, you need to seal the floor so that moisture doesn’t seep in between the boards. You can use water-based polyurethane or moisture-cured urethane (for humid environments). 

  1. Apply Wax Finish

This step is optional, but waxing helps give you a classic, low-sheen look that’s quite appealing. We recommend it for low-traffic areas. 

Comprehensive wood flooring installation process in the UK - measuring, floor prep, tools, cost, maintenance. DIY guide for a perfect wooden floor transformation.

8. Maintaining Wood Flooring

Proper maintenance keeps your wooden floor in good condition and extends its beauty. Here are some tips on how to maintain your wooden floor after installation:

  1. Regular Sweeping and Vacuuming

Use a soft-bristle broom to sweep your wood flooring regularly. Also, use a hardwood-safe vacuum to get rid of dirt and debris that can scratch the wood. 

  1. Cleaning Spills Promptly

Any liquid spills should be wiped up as quickly as possible. If you let it linger long enough, it will stain and warp the wood. 

  1. Damp Mopping

If you’re used to mopping your floor every so often, you’ll want to tone it down a bit. And when it’s time to mop, be sure to use a damp, not wet, mop to avoid soaking the floors.

  1. Controlling Humidity

You can probably see the pattern here; water and wood flooring don’t mix! So you’ll want to keep the humidity level in your house between 40% and 60% to minimise expansion and contraction. 

  1. Using Felt Pads for Furniture

Attach felt pads to chair and table legs to prevent them from scratching and denting your hardwood floor. 

  1. Limiting Direct Sunlight

UV light can damage your wooden floor and cause it to fade. So be sure to use curtains, shades, or rugs to limit direct sunlight exposure. 

Please bear in mind that different types of wood flooring require different levels of maintenance. For instance, exotic wood that’s imported from tropical regions often requires more careful maintenance than domestic hardwoods. 

Generally speaking, darker, smoother wood floors show wear and tear more readily than lighter, wire-brushed floors. So the darker and smoother your floor, the more maintenance it’ll need. 

Do Different Styles and Patterns Require a Different Installation Process?

Yes, different flooring styles and patterns do require a slightly different installation process. For instance:

  1. Solid Hardwood

Basic installation; often nailed or stapled to the subfloor. It comes in simple patterns like parallel boards or squares. 

  1. Engineered Wood

Can accommodate more intricate design patterns like herringbone due to its dimensional stability. That said, the boards must be precisely cut and glued to the subfloor rather than nailed. 

  1. Exotic Woods

Brittleness and hardness may limit pattern options in certain exotic wood varieties. They’re often glued down to the subfloor as opposed to nailed or stapled. 

How Much Does It Cost to Install Wood Flooring?

The wood itself is going to cost anywhere from £20 to £100 per square metre, depending on the type of wood you choose. Add another £15 to £30 per square metre for the installation. 

Several factors affect the cost of wood flooring installation. Different patterns and finishes can be more expensive than others. You also have to account for factors like board width and wood grade. 

Here’s a brief explanation:

  1. Wood Species

Different wood species come at different prices as a result of their varying availability and durability. As an example, pine costs considerably less than walnut because it’s not as resistant to damage. 

  1. Pattern/Design

Certain patterns and designs are more intricate and elaborate than others, requiring more skill and time from your contractor to install. 

  1. Finish

Traditional finishes like oil and wax are more affordable than more modern finishes like lacquer and varnish.

  1. Board Width

Narrow plank widths (70mm to 100mm) often cost less than wider planks (125mm to 200mm). 

  1. Wood Grade

The higher the wood grade, as in the fewer knots and defects it has, the more it costs. 

How Long Does It Take to Install Wood Flooring?

Wood flooring installation for an average-sized room takes 2-5 days. If you’re flooring an entire house, the process can take 1-2 weeks. 

The time it takes to complete a wood flooring installation varies based on a range of factors, the biggest of which is room size. Flooring larger rooms or multiple rooms will need more total labour hours to complete. 

Other factors that affect installation time include:

Do You Need to Hire a Professional for Wood Flooring Installation?

No, you don’t need to hire a professional for wood flooring installation. However, unless you have experience with flooring projects, hiring a professional would be advisable. 

Pros of hiring a professional:

Cons of hiring a professional:

Can You Fit Wood Flooring Yourself?

You can, but unless you have enough DIY flooring experience, we wouldn’t recommend it. It’s a difficult project that requires a great deal of experience. 

Pros of DIY wood flooring:

Cons of DIY wood flooring:

Can You Install Wood Flooring Over Your Existing Flooring?

Yes, but it depends on the type of existing flooring you have. You can install wood over concrete, tile, sheet vinyl, OSB, and plywood. You shouldn’t install it over carpet, cushioned vinyl, or floating floors. 

Does Wood Flooring Need Acclimation Before Installation?

Yes, wood needs to acclimate for 3-5 days in the room in which it will be installed. This is to allow the boards to adjust the room’s temperature and humidity. 

What Are Some Common Problems When Laying Wood Flooring?

Some of the most common problems when laying wood flooring include:

What Is the Process for Installing Laminate Flooring?

Here are the steps to installing laminate flooring:

  1. Make sure the subfloor is clean and level
  2. Cut the planks to fit room size
  3. Lay foam underlayment
  4. Leave an expansion gap of around 10-15mm
  5. Stagger the end joints of the planks
  6. Lock the planks together on their ends and sides
  7. Use spacer wedges for proper alignment
  8. Seal the seams (you can use silicone caulk)

What Is the Process of Installing Vinyl Flooring?

Here are the steps to installing vinyl flooring:

  1. Clean and level the subfloor
  2. Cut the planks to fit room size
  3. Lay a thin foam underlayment
  4. Place the planks with the tongue side facing the wall
  5. Lock the planks together on their ends and sides
  6. Heat the seams using a heat gun
  7. Install trim moulding over the edges

Wrap-Up

Wood flooring adds a timeless and natural beauty to any space. It’s versatile, durable, and easy to maintain, not to mention that it increases your property’s value!

While it’s possible to DIY a wood flooring project, it’s not recommended. If you don’t have enough experience, you’ll run into a host of problems that will eventually lead to poor results. For professional wood flooring installation in the UK, get in touch with us.

From the faded tones of ash and oak to the rich darkness of mahogany and teak, wood flooring leaves little to be desired when it comes to style. The texture, grainy pattern, and colour of the floor combine to give you an elegant masterpiece that speaks luxury.

In addition to styles, wood flooring comes in endless patterns, finishes, and species, which is a mixed blessing. While you’re guaranteed to land a floor suitable for your needs, you’ll have a challenging time finding it amidst the vast options. And that’s why we’re here!

We’ll go through the different types of wood flooring for your property, sparing no effort to give you all the information you need. By the time we’re done, you’ll have a perfect idea about the wood flooring type, pattern, species, and finish your property needs, so keep on reading!

Engineered

Engineered wood flooring combines a thin hardwood layer with one or more plywood layers. The combination of natural and synthetic materials gives you the best of both worlds. You get the boosted durability of plywood and the natural charm of hardwood. On top of that, engineered wood floors come in every shape and style, making them suitable for all types of properties.

Pros:

Cons:

Solid

Solid wood flooring is made from hardwood species only, without the incorporation of any synthetics. Because of this, it’s stronger than engineered wood and can be refinished multiple times. It’s also resistant to signs of wear, making it ideal for high-traffic properties. However, given its hefty price, it’s rarely seen in commercial and industrial places.

Pros:

Cons:

Parquet

Parquet wood flooring is made from hardwood and arranged in a characteristic geometric mosaic pattern. It flaunts a timeless design that has put it at the top of the flooring industry for years. From managerial offices and lavish commercial settings to elegant residential places, parquet has endless applications. Its only drawback is its expensive price.

Pros:

Cons:

Laminate

Laminate flooring isn’t made of wood; instead, it’s made of a combination of resin, wood, fibreboard, and a design layer. It resembles the grainy appearance of wood, letting homeowners enjoy the charming look and feel of the natural material without paying high prices for it. Better yet, it’s highly versatile and suitable for industrial, commercial, and residential properties.

Pros:

Cons:

Vinyl

Vinyl flooring’s selling point is that it combines the natural appearance of wood and the favourable qualities of synthetic materials. It’s mostly made from PVC, along with other synthetics, to boost its durability and resistance. Because of its features and affordable prices, it’s ideal for high-traffic commercial and residential properties.

Pros:

Cons:

Reclaimed

Reclaimed wood is made from centuries-old wooden structures, giving it a historic charm and rustic appearance like no other type of flooring. Given its recycled nature, it’s an eco-conscious choice, ideal for environmental enthusiasts. It fits like a puzzle in countryside houses and cabins because of its battered look.

Pros:

Cons:

Wood Effect Tiles

Wood effect tiles are manufactured from porcelain but are made to resemble natural wood. They sport unprecedented durability as they’re resistant to scratches, dents, and wear signs. Also, they’re easier to clean and maintain than natural wood because they’re waterproof. Wood effect tiles are most suitable for high-traffic damp rooms, but they don’t boost resale value.

Pros:

Cons:

What Are the Different Types of Wood Flooring Patterns?

Wood flooring comes in a myriad of patterns and styles that evoke luxurious and cosy feelings. Here’s a roundup of the most famous ones and their intended use.

Herringbone

Herringbone is a sophisticated geometrical pattern, most famously associated with parquet floors. It consists of diagonally laid wood tiles that connect to make a ‘V’ shape. Sometimes, the tiles are coloured in different shades to give the floor a rich, standout style. Because of herringbone’s uncontested elegance, it’s meant for classical residential settings.

Chevron

Chevron is another famous parquet pattern that consists of diagonally laid wood tiles. However, unlike the puzzle-like appearance of herringbone, the tiles are connected seamlessly without interlocking. From a birds-eye view, it looks more neat than herringbone but lacks its charming and classical character. That’s why it’s best left for modern settings.

Mixed

Mixed wood floors consist of equally sized wood squares framing narrow tiles that are either laid horizontally or diagonally. They’re a modernised version of herringbone and chevron, making them ideal for contemporary residential interiors.

Horizontal or Diagonal

The most basic wood flooring patterns are horizontal and diagonal. The first one consists of wood planks laid parallel to two walls. Meanwhile, the diagonal pattern consists of planks laid at an angle. It’s pricier to install than the horizontal pattern because wood planks have to be cut to fit the awkward angles. Both are suitable for endless properties because of their simple designs.

What Are the Types of Wood Flooring Cut Patterns?

Wooden logs are cut at specific angles to produce the unique grainy patterns that you see atop wood floors. The four cutting patterns are plain-sawn, quarter-sawn, rift-sawn, and live-sawn.

Plain/Flat-Sawn

The plain-sawn method consists of cutting the log from outside towards its centre, producing tall parallel planks. Once the centre of the log becomes visible, the woodcutter turns it at a 90-degree angle and starts cutting again till all four sides of the log are cut. The resulting planks spot a cathedral-grainy pattern and are affordable because of the easy cutting method.

Quarter-Sawn

In this cut, the woodcutter quarters the wood log into four equally sized pieces. Then, they cut each quarter into parallel planks, starting from the outer side and working their way to the centre. This cutting method results in visible growth rings atop each plank, which makes for a unique appearance. Because it’s more challenging than plain-sawn, it’s slightly less affordable.

Rift-Sawn

The rift-sawn method is similar to the quarter-sawn, only the woodcutter cuts planks from the centre towards the outer side, not the other way around. The growth rings also show clearly on the planks. Rift sawing results in a lot of wasted wood, so it costs more than other cutting methods.

Live-Sawn

Live sawing is the most straightforward wood-cutting method. The cutter cuts the log horizontally into planks without turning it at any angle. Some planks show the tree’s growth rings clearly at various angles, resulting in unique and rustic patterns.

What Are the Types of Wood Flooring Species?

The species of the tree where the wood is taken dictates the floor’s colour, durability, and price. Here’s a detailed roundup of the most famous wood flooring species and their favourable qualities.

Oak Flooring

Oak flooring sports light golden hues and a dense grain appearance that boosts its resistance to wear. It’s highly affordable because of the wide abundance of oak trees, and you can find it almost anywhere in the world. Given its stylish nature and durability, it’s a famous option in high-traffic residential rooms.

Ash Flooring

Ash flooring comes in light grey hues and is extremely dense, giving it unprecedented durability and resilience. It absorbs noise better than many types of wood, making it perfect for loud commercial settings like shops and offices. Best of all, it’s as affordable as oak flooring.

Walnut Flooring

Walnut flooring is best known for its rich, chocolatey shades and polished appearance that screams luxury. It’s slightly pricier than average and can be refinished multiple times to change its look. While it’s durable enough for high-traffic areas, it’s prone to scratches. That’s why it’s a better fit for houses with no pets.

Maple Flooring

Maple flooring features pale sandy tones that go perfectly in contemporary interiors. It has one of the densest wood structures in the world, giving it uncontested strength. That’s why it’s common to see it in bowling alleys and high-traffic places. Better yet, these favourable qualities don’t come at a high price, as maple is reasonably affordable.

Hickory Flooring

Hickory flooring combines light sandy tones, reddish hues, and knotty grains to give you an art piece. In addition to its characteristic appearance, it’s decently durable and resistant to wear signs. For these reasons, it’s a smart option for mid to high-traffic residential properties.

Mahogany Flooring

Mahogany flooring is famous for its rich, dark appearance and luxurious feel. It gets darker with age and is favoured in classical residential settings because of its sophisticated aura. However, its best quality is strong resistance to water damage because of its pocketless structure.

Teak Flooring

Teak flooring has the ‘basic wood’ look with golden brown shades and a grainy texture. It’s most famously used in modern and classic residential interiors because of its durability. One of its finest qualities is that it naturally repels insects and termites. However, it comes at a high price, as teak is one of the priciest types of wood on the market.

Pine Flooring

Pine flooring features a stylish casual appearance, complemented by golden brown streaks and occasional dark spots. It’s made from softwood, making it comfortable underfoot but prone to scratches and dents. Its selling point is the highly affordable price and versatility. As long as you place it in low or mid-traffic places, you can put it on any property you want.

Cork Flooring

Cork flooring has a characteristic textured appearance that doesn’t look as grainy as other wood types. It’s a famous choice for kitchens because of its resistance to water and fire. Another favourable quality it holds is its excellent absorbance of shocks and noise. However, it’s pricier than most of the other types.

Bamboo Flooring

Bamboo flooring is made from grass, but it sports a woodsy appearance and a rich brown colour. It’s famous in houses because of its high durability and resistance to insects. Also, it can be restyled by removing its finish and applying another one. While it’s resistant to scratches and dents, it’s prone to UV damage if exposed to sunlight for too long.

What Are the Types of Wood Flooring Finishes?

Most wood floors require a finishing layer for enhanced protection against scratches and wear signs. Luckily, the market doesn’t lack wood flooring finishes. Here’s a rundown of the most common ones.

Natural-Oiled Wood Flooring

Natural-oiled wood flooring is covered with a layer of air-dried matt oil to enhance its resistance to scratches. It doesn’t do much to protect against UV damage, unlike other finishes. However, it’s a favourite for many because it preserves the polished, grainy appearance of wood.

UV-Oiled Wood Flooring

UV-oiled wood flooring is covered with the same material as natural-oiled. But the oil is treated with UV light, hardening it and improving its resistance and durability. This finish results in a matte look, concealing the natural shine of the wood.

Brushed and Oiled Wood Flooring

Brushed and oiled wood flooring has the same protection level as UV-oiled. However, the brushing involved preserves the natural grainy texture of wood without polishing it. Because of this, it’s common in rustic settings.

Lacquered Wood Flooring

Lacquered wood flooring is protected by a matte or satin layer that keeps UV damage and darkened spots at bay. It’s also resistant to scratches and signs of wear, making it ideal for high-traffic areas.

Hand-Scraped Wood Flooring

After its name, hand-scraped wood flooring is scraped manually, plank by plank. This unique method conceals any existent scratches and dents and boosts the floor’s resistance to wear signs. However, it has a rough texture that’s tougher to clean than polished finishes.

Distressed Wood Flooring

Distressed wood flooring is achieved by scratching the top layer to give the floor a battered and rustic appearance. Like hand scraping, this method hides signs of wear efficiently but results in a rugged texture.

Unfinished Wood Flooring

Unfinished wood flooring is installed without a finishing layer. After the flooring installation is complete, the owners take a look at the room and decide on the colour and finish they want. While this method is tricky because the floor stays a while without any protection, it’s more versatile in terms of style.

Which Type of Wood Flooring Is Best?

As you’ve seen, wood flooring is available in many types and patterns, making it a joker of all trades in the renovation business. However, each type of wood flooring is best suited for a specific purpose, as you’ll find out in this section.

What Are the Best Types of Wood Flooring for the Kitchen?

Hardwood types are better for kitchens than softwood because they’re more resistant to water damage and scratches. The best and most resilient options out there are oak, maple, and ash.

What Are the Best Types of Wood Flooring for the Living Room?

Oak floors are the best option for living rooms because they combine style and durability. Generally, hard floors are best suited for high-traffic areas because they show signs of wear slower.

What Are the Best Types of Wood Flooring for the Bedroom?

Bedrooms are mid-traffic rooms, making softwood floors a perfect option. You can go with bamboo or pine floors if you’re looking for a budget-friendly choice. Meanwhile, mahogany and walnut are ideal options if you don’t mind their high prices.

What Are the Best Types of Wood Flooring for the Bathroom?

Wood effect tiles are the best option for bathrooms because they’re made of porcelain, which is waterproof. Natural wood won’t stand a chance against the constant dampness, making synthetic materials a must.

What Are the Best Types of Wood Flooring for Dogs?

Maple floors are an ideal choice for houses with dogs because they’re extremely durable and resistant to signs of wear. However, it’s still recommended you keep your dog’s nails short if you have natural wood floors.

What Are the Best Types of Wood Flooring for Children?

Hard types of wood like oak, walnut, maple, and hickory are ideal for you if you have children. They’re comfortable underfoot and absorb impacts well. Also, they don’t show signs of wear easily.

What Are the Best Types of Wood Flooring for Wet or Damp Environments?

Engineered wood flooring is a wise choice for wet environments because it’s partially made from synthetic materials. It combines the elegance of natural wood with the water resistance of synthetics, giving you the best of both worlds.

What Type of Wood Flooring Is Cheapest?

Bamboo and pine wood floors are among the cheapest on the market because of the abundance of their source plants. They’re both an ideal option for limited budgets.

What Type of Wood Flooring Is Most Expensive?

Walnut, teak, and mahogany are among the priciest wood flooring types on the market. Also, as a rule of thumb, solid wood floors cost more than engineered floors because they’re made solely of natural materials.

What Type of Wood Flooring Is Most Durable?

Solid hardwood floors like hickory and walnut are the most durable options on the market. They’re your best bet if you want your floors to last years without showing signs of wear.

Engineered vs. Solid Wood Flooring

The choice between engineered and solid wood depends on your needs and budget. Solid wood is the better choice for high-traffic areas because it’s more durable and scratch-resistant. However, it’s pricey. Meanwhile, engineered wood is more affordable but better suited for low to mid-traffic areas.

Laminate vs. Engineered Hardwood

If you prioritise style and longevity, then engineered hardwood floors are the best choice for you, given that they resemble natural wood and can last up to 100 years. However, if you have a limited budget and prioritise practicality, you can go with laminate, which is more resistant to wear. In the end, the choice depends on your needs.

To Wrap Up

Wood floors have an unbeatable charm in the renovation industry. They come in a myriad of designs and patterns to satisfy every taste. On top of that, they’re suitable for a wide range of applications. If you’re having a hard time choosing the right wood flooring for your property, our guide will lead you to the best fit according to your needs!

Also, if you’re renovating your floors and want professional help, set up a free consultation with us today!

Wooden floors are one of the oldest yet timeless materials that can last decades with proper care. You’ll also find different variations to match your budget and interior design. But without the right details about this material, you risk choosing a style that isn’t fit for your property.

We’ll guide you through the different wood flooring styles and types to help you learn and select the best pattern, finish, design, and colour to upgrade your space and make your home more cosy.

Patterns

You’ll find several patterns available to make your space look bigger or smaller or compliment your room’s decor, from straight and random to chevron and basketweave. Check out the following wood flooring pattern options:

Straight

If you’re having difficulty choosing a pattern, straight patterns are a classic and timeless parquet that’ll never go out of style. It’s the simplest option that makes your small space look bigger, with planks arranged side by side, running parallel. And although the boards may have different lengths, they’re installed with a long dimension parallel to the longest wall in your room.

Diagonal

This parquet pattern draws your attention from the walls, making your space look wider and hiding issues like cracks or uneven subfloors. The planks are laid at an angle to the walls and are usually made of hardwoods like oak, maple, and cherry.

Random

A random parquet pattern is your best bet if you aren’t afraid to try something new and unique. The planks have different widths and lengths, carefully planned to seemingly laid randomly, creating a natural, rustic, and sophisticated look.

It’s more suited to large and irregular-shaped rooms because they make your small space look cluttered and disguise its irregular shape.

Herringbone

This classic parquet option looks elegant with its narrow and long planks arranged in a V-shaped pattern like the skeleton of a herring fish. Despite its size and shape, you can apply this pattern to any room, especially large ones, because it makes small spaces look cluttered. It may also have a busy look, so it’s important to use simple and uncluttered furniture.

Chevron

A chevron pattern has wood planks cut at a 45-degree angle, laid in a V-shape, and fitted to create a continuous zigzag. If you have a small room, applying this parquet flooring pattern will make it look and feel larger, but you may need narrower boards for a better effect.

Your finish will also affect how your floors look and feel. For instance, a natural finish will show off the grain pattern, while a stained one adds colour and depth.

Brick

If you want your home to feel warm and cosy, a brick parquet pattern will give you this effect and make your room look more spacious. The planks are laid in a running bond pattern so the joints don’t line up, creating a checkerboard-like effect.

Basketweave

You can create this parquet pattern by arranging wooden blocks like the weave of a basket or in a series of interlocking squares. The outcome has different sizes, from small, intricate designs to large, bold patterns.

Basketweave is a good choice for luxury properties or stylish floors that will raise your home’s market value.

Designs

Once you’re done picking your favourite pattern, consider the overall look or feel you want for your flooring. The design can be anything from a traditional to a modern look and will affect the type of planks you choose, the way they’re arranged, and the finish you need.

Here are examples of different wood flooring designs:

Finishes

After installing your flooring, you need to apply a protective coating/finish to highlight its beauty and make it last longer. You may choose different finishes with unique properties, from natural oiled to unfinished wood flooring. Take a look at the following examples:

Natural Oiled Wood Flooring

This finish is a natural oil made from tung, linseed, or walnut. It’s a sustainable choice with a low VOC compared to chemical finishes that you can re-apply at home without hiring a professional. Instead of giving your floors a thick, glossy layer, it highlights your floors’ natural beauty.

UV Oiled Wood Flooring

This oil finish is cured with ultraviolet (UV) light, making it more durable and resistant to scratches, stains, and fading than natural oil. The best part is it doesn’t need constant reapplying like a natural oil finish, and you can clean it with a mild soap and water solution.

Brushed and Oiled Wood Flooring

The flooring is lightly brushed to remove the top, soft grains, exposing the more durable and textured grain and making your floors look rustic. The wood is then finished with oil to protect it from scratches, scuffs, and spills.

Lacquered Wood Flooring

Lacquer is a clear, hard finish made by mixing resins, solvents, and various pigments. It protects your wooden floors from scratches, stains, and moisture and gives them a shiny or matte finish.

Some popular species that go well with a lacquered finish are oak, maple, and walnut, as they’re common in commercial spaces with high-traffic areas like restaurants and hotels.

Hand Scraped Wood Flooring

This material is intentionally distressed to give your floors a rustic, worn look. The wood is scraped by hand using a sharp blade to remove the top surface, leaving behind a textured finish.

Hand scraped wood flooring may camouflage small scratches or dents on your floors but is more difficult to maintain than other options.

Distressed Wood Flooring

This finish uses hand scraping, wire brushing, and sanding techniques to age your floors and give them a rustic or vintage look. It’s a popular choice for those with kids or pets, as the distressed look will disguise scratches and scuffs.

Unfinished Wood Flooring

If you want all-natural floors, you can get wood planks that aren’t stained or finished. Unfinished wood is more affordable than prefinished flooring, and you can choose the stain to customise your floors.

The only downside is that without staining or finishing, your flooring is more susceptible to damage from wear and tear, so it’s not a good fit if you have kids or pets.

Colours

You have two main wood flooring colour options, light or dark, depending on the species, age of the wood, tree location, grain pattern, and finish.

Light

This flooring has a pale or blond colour, ranging from almost white to light brown, depending on the wood species and your choice of finish. Check out the common species with a light tone:

Dark

This shade of wood has a rich, warm, and inviting tone and comes from dark wood species. Here are some examples:

What Wood Flooring Is Currently in Style?

Lighter wood floors are what’s trending in most homes this year. Check out some other options currently in style:

What Wood Flooring Is Currently Out of Style?

Red tones are growing less popular across homes this year because they’re difficult to decorate and match with the rest of the interior. Here are other options falling out of style:

What Wood Floors Never Go Out of Style?

Medium-toned browns like oak, maple, and mahogany are timeless because you can match your floors with any decor. Here are other options:

What Are Some Old Styles of Wood Flooring?

Some styles have become less popular over the years, and only a few homeowners adore them today. Check out these examples:

What Are Some Contemporary Styles of Wood Flooring?

Wide planks are long, thick boards popular for modern homes because they make a room look more spacious. Here are other options that are also currently in style:

Conclusion

You’re now ready to start shopping for your new wooden floors. But remember that what you see online may not always work for your home. You need to get samples and compare them to your walls and furniture before buying, lest you end up with the wrong material.

If you need an honest opinion and professional wood flooring installation, contact us today to talk to our experts. We’re always happy to be of service.

Wooden floors can elevate the comfort and aesthetic appeal of any room you install them in, courtesy of their timelessness and elegance. Not only that, but they’re also resilient and can last for decades with proper care. How much does wood flooring cost, though?

If you’re planning your next renovation project and wondering about that, you’ve come to the right place. We’ll explain the different available wood options, how much each costs, and more.

Let’s start!

Types of Wood Flooring and Their Cost

Below are the most commonly installed wood floor types. The price ranges reflect the cost of materials only! Installation can add another £15 to £30 per square metre.

Engineered

Engineered wood flooring costs around £20 to £80 per square metre.

It’s a type of wood flooring composed of a thin hardwood veneer layer. This layer is bonded with layers of plywood, fibreboard, or oriented strand board. It’s more stable and moisture-resistant than solid wood, but the materials it’s composed of aren’t as durable, justifying its lower price point.

Another downside to engineered wood is that you can’t resurface it as much due to its veneer layer’s thickness. Still, it’s an excellent option for homeowners looking for a cheaper alternative to solid wood or a more authentic flooring solution for moisture-prone areas.

Solid

Solid wood flooring starts at £35 but can go well over £100 per square metre, depending on the wood species. It’s among the most expensive flooring solutions, courtesy of its high-end, luxurious appearance and appeal.

Your solid wood floor will be made of planks of natural wood cut from a single piece of timber. Each wood species has its own characteristics. We’re talking about durability, appearance, and resistance. So, that’s one thing to consider when investing in a solid wood floor.

Other than that, you should be aware that it’s also prone to warping and shrinking due to temperature and humidity changes.

Parquet

Parquet is among the most elegant flooring solutions available due to its rich history and decorative nature. It comes at a steeper cost, though. Material-wise, its price ranges from £20 to £80 per square metre, but it depends on the brand and wood species.

Labour is the primary concern when installing parquet, as it’s pieces of wood arranged in geometric patterns.

Contemporary and highly decorated designs can set you back several thousand unless you opt for prefabricated parquet tiles that already feature designs within them.

Laminate

Laminate is one of the cheapest options available for budget-conscious homeowners looking to enhance the look of their floors because it offers a multitude of options.

While low-end brands start at £15 per square metre, you can find high-end laminate that feels and performs great around the £80 price mark. It’s made of synthetic materials that mimic the appearance of hardwood.

Despite that, it’s durable, easy to install, and decently resistant to scratches and stains. It’s not completely waterproof, though; clean up any water or spills quickly so as not to damage it.

Vinyl

Similarly to laminate, vinyl offers an alternative for budget-conscious homeowners looking to give character to their rooms while navigating the expenses that authentic hardwood floors bring.

It’s a synthetic material that can imitate the appearance of wood. But a few advantages it has over wood include its comfort, ease of cleaning, lifespan, and durability.

It starts at a very affordable price of £10 per square metre, but higher-quality rolls and LVT can cost up to £60. It’s also waterproof and more resistant to fading and warping. Remember that it’s less eco-friendly; vinyl is made from materials that emit Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs).

Reclaimed

This wood is salvaged from old buildings and barns, where it was perhaps redundant. It can be anything from a piece of furniture to even a boat or trailer. So, the quality, cost, and appearance of the wood depend on the source and its condition.


Generally, it costs from £20 to £80 because, despite being real wood, it’s recycled—pests, hidden dangers, and such are concerns. But if eco-friendliness and uniqueness are qualities you’d love your next wooden floor to have, reclaimed wood is an option.

Wood-Effect Tiles

Wood-effect tiles are ceramic or porcelain tiles that carry the design of a wooden floor. Not only are they customisable, but their durability, resistance to moisture and stains, and waterproof quality are welcome among homeowners.

Compared to other solutions, they’re mid-range in terms of cost. They start at £10, but higher-end brands may cost up to £60 per square metre. Of course, such brands are better at mimicking the appearance of different wood species with their realistic textures and patterns.

Does the Pattern and Design of the Wood Floor Change the Cost?

Yes, it can.

Complex patterns are more intricate and elaborate, requiring more skill and time from your contractor to install. Expect to throw in an extra £10 to £50 per square metre on top of installation costs because of them.

Some common wood flooring patterns and styles homeowners love include:

Does the Finish of the Wood Flooring Affect the Cost?

Yes!

Some treatments are more expensive and require frequent applications. They can enhance your floor’s beauty and protect it from wear and tear. Some finishes and treatments include:

The prices above reflect material costs only! You may need to pay an extra £10 to £20 per square metre for labour.

Does the Species of Wood Flooring Affect the Cost?

You guessed it!

Some types of wood have different prices depending on their availability and durability. Similarly, some species just look and perform better than others.

Here are a few examples:

How Much Does It Cost to Install Wood Flooring?

It depends.

Your choices are nearly unlimited, considering the number of available wood species, flooring types, patterns, and finishes. You should also consider whether you need to remove your current flooring or level your subfloor.

First, consider the cost of materials. For example, engineered wood is cheaper than solid wood, so installing an engineered wood floor will be much more affordable.

Experts will also suggest buying more material than your floor requires to be prepared for any eventualities. 10% more than your floor space needs should suffice.


Labour costs are next. Most professionals will charge you between £15 and £30 per square metre in installation costs. However, these rates are estimates; different contractors will charge you different prices.

Contractors will also charge you extra if you need to remove your current flooring or skirting boards, level or treat your floor, install underlayment, or trim your doors. Except for trimming doors, which is slightly more expensive, these services shouldn’t exceed £30 per square metre.

To sum it up, installing a wooden floor in a 17.09 m² room in the U.K. can cost anywhere from £1,200 for cheaper solutions like laminate to over £8,000 if you’re using high-end Macassar Ebony.

If you’re stumped, contact us. We’ll give you a free quote and help you find the best solution for your situation.

Does the Room the Wood Flooring Is Being Installed in Affect The Cost?

Yes.

Some rooms are more complex to renovate than others, either due to size, design, or condition.

Large rooms will require more material and labour, increasing the cost. Similarly, some rooms may have more obstacles or corners, making the installation more difficult and costly.

If a room’s floor is damaged, uneven, or needs to be removed, the extra preparation work will incur additional costs. The room’s location plays a role, too. The more accessible and convenient a room is, the easier it is for your contractor to renovate it.

Do You Need to Buy and Install Underlay for Wood Flooring?

It depends!

You need underlay with some wood flooring types, such as laminate and engineered wood, as well as for rough, uneven, and damp subfloors.

Some flooring types usually don’t need underlayment, as is the case for solid wood, unless your subfloor is damaged or you’d like to enhance the flooring’s comfort and durability. But, for the most part, underlay is recommended for most wood flooring installations.

Can You Install Wooden Floors Yourself to Save Money?

Yes, but we recommend against it if you’re not skilled.

Let’s see some factors to consider when DIYing.

However, if you’re confident in your abilities and have all the necessary tools and materials, you’ll save a lot on labour costs.

Does It Cost Money to Maintain Wood Flooring?

Yes, but it depends on your flooring type; you must maintain some floors more frequently than others.

Also, factors like refinishing, sanding, and restoring your floor play a role in the final maintenance cost.

What Is the Cost of Wood Flooring Restoration or Renovation?

Your need to restore your floor depends on its condition. Sometimes, cleaning and repolishing it would suffice. Other times, you might need an expert to repair it.

Cleaning is a given; you must clean your floor regularly to remove dust, dirt, and stains. Fortunately, this isn’t expensive, as most homeowners have a vacuum cleaner, a broom, and a mop, and the cost of cleaning products doesn’t exceed £15.

Some wood flooring types require frequent polishing to maintain their durability and visual appeal. You can do this yourself by buying a polishing pad and a suitable polish product; contact your manufacturer for advice regarding which products to use. Wood floor polish costs around £20 per litre, but expect cost differences across brands.

Renovations can be fairly expensive. After all, you’ll likely redo the floor of an entire room. Depending on your current floor’s and subfloor’s condition, your desired floor type, material, and finish, and the size of your room, you can expect renovations to cost from £800 to well over £6,000.

What Is the Cost of Sanding Wood Floors?

Sanding wood floors is usually part of the refinishing process. Usually, this process costs around £20 or more per square metre.

The primary benefit of sanding your floor is that it evens it out and removes any scratches and stains. But it also opens up the possibility of choosing a different refinishing method.

What Is the Cost of Refinishing Wood Floors?

You should refinish your wood flooring every few years to improve its appearance, durability, and your home’s value. Experts suggest that you do this every five years.

This process involves sanding, staining, and sealing the wood flooring, which can cost you from £20 to £35 per square metre. Your choice of finish can also add to the final bill; lacquer is significantly more expensive than oil.

What Is the Cost to Repair Damaged Wood Flooring?

Repairs can be pricier. You’ll likely need to replace your planks or tiles if you damage your flooring. So, buying new materials and hiring a contractor are to be expected. The costs will depend on your floor type and condition and the material used.

Repairing damaged floors may require a few touch-ups that range from £100 to well over £1,000.

What Is the Most Expensive Wood Flooring?

A lacquered solid wood floor is the most expensive flooring option, especially if you pick a luxurious wood species.

As for materials, zebra wood (~£210/m² or more) and Macassar Ebony (~£1260/m² or more) are among the most expensive wood species and will significantly increase your flooring costs if you opt for them.

What Is More Expensive, Solid Wood or Engineered Wood?

Solid wood is more expensive than engineered wood. The former costs around £35 to £100, while the latter is cheaper at £20 to £80 per square metre.

What Is the Cheapest Wood Flooring?

The cheapest “wood” floors are vinyl and laminate. They’re synthetic floors that mimic the look of natural wood and start at around £10 to £80 per square metre.

What Is the Cost of a Wooden Floor vs. Vinyl?

You can get the cheapest vinyl option for about £10 per square metre, but higher-end vinyl can cost upwards of £45 per square metre.

This makes it much cheaper than wood floors, which start at a similar price and can exceed £100 per square metre.

What Is the Cost of a Wooden Floor vs. Laminate?

Laminate is among the cheapest flooring materials, but higher-end options can cost as much as some mid-quality wood species.

You can also install a laminate floor that mimics the appearance of wood. Low-quality laminate starts at around £15, while high-end laminate tiles can reach £80.

What Is the Cost of a Wooden Floor vs. Carpet?

Carpet flooring costs from £4 to £40 per square metre. Premium options can cost upwards of £50. This makes it less expensive than most wooden floors, which range from £15 to £100 per square metre.

What Is the Cost of a Wooden Floor vs. Concrete?

Concrete floors are more expensive than wooden floors, primarily due to the polishing process. Since it has to be poured, polished, and then sealed, it’ll cost you £135 per square metre on average.

Most wooden floors don’t exceed £100 per square metre unless you opt for a rare species.

Wrapping Up

Despite its high cost, installing a wooden floor in one of your rooms is among the best ways to give it a touch of elegance and warmth. While budget-conscious owners have more affordable options, such as engineered wood and laminate, solid wood and parquet floors are available to those willing to go all in.

At Ultimate Flooring, we deliver exceptional flooring options and truly bespoke service at competitive prices. Visit us for all your flooring needs!

Before diving into a home renovation project or upgrading a commercial space, it’s important to assess the flooring cost.

The prices of flooring vary, depending on many different factors, such as the room size, type of flooring materials, cost of installation, and location of the property.

Whether you’re a homeowner, property manager, or just someone with a curious mind, join us as we break down the financial aspects of purchasing, installing, replacing, and maintaining various types of flooring.

What Is the Typical Cost of Buying New and Replacing Flooring?

Buying new flooring to replace the old one ranges between £400 to £3,000. However, the total amount depends on the following factors:

What Are the Different Types of Flooring and Their Cost?

Various flooring options are available for residential and commercial buildings. They include hardwood, vinyl, luxury vinyl tile (LVT), and laminate flooring. Below, we’ll discuss the different flooring materials and how much they cost.

Laminate Flooring

Laminate flooring is a composite or hybrid flooring material. It consists of a wood base, an image layer, and a tough protective layer. Some brands come with a backing or an underlayment for soundproofing or moisture resistance.

When it comes to cost, you can get laminate flooring for as low as £15 per square metre and as high as £80 per square metre. The real cost depends on several factors, such as:

Vinyl Flooring

If you want flooring that comes close to natural wood or stone, then vinyl flooring is your best bet. It’s a popular synthetic flooring material with four layers: the backing, the waterproof layer, the image layer, and the wear layer. Vinyl is resistant to water and stains and requires low maintenance.

Cheap vinyl flooring is available at £10 per square metre. But you can get the more expensive options from £30 per square metre. Bear in mind that several factors may determine the price. They include:

Carpet

Known for its underfoot softness and warmth, carpet is a textile flooring material consisting of a pile of wool, olefin, polyester, or nylon. It’s attached to a backing, which dampens noise in any room where it’s fixed.

The flooring material is among the most affordable you can find on the market, ranging between £6 to £50 per square metre. You should consider the following factors when purchasing carpet flooring:

LVT Flooring

Luxury vinyl tile, LVT for short, is a hard wearing material that’s thin and flexible and takes the semblance of natural hardwood and stones. It’s designed in a tile style and the multiple layers provide improved features such as resistance to moisture, spills, stains, and scratches. Also, it’s 100% waterproof, which makes it ideal for bathrooms, kitchens, and basements.

Although it’s a luxury product, LVT is quite affordable and ranges between £15 to £60 per square metre. Factors that could affect the final cost are:

Lino

Derived from linseed oil, linoleum (lino) is an all-natural flooring material that’s often mistaken for vinyl flooring. The main ingredient is mixed with wood flour, crushed limestone, cork dust, and pine resin, which makes it completely biodegradable. Additionally, the material is durable, water and scratch resistant, and possesses antimicrobial qualities.

Although lino is available from £10 to £30 per square metre, you should consider these points before setting your budget:

Wood Flooring

One popular type of flooring among homeowners is wood flooring. It’s made from natural wood, lends a timeless appearance to a property, and increases its resale value. You can find it in various styles, colours, and textures, but it’s either sold as solid wood or engineered wood.

You can purchase natural wood between £35 to £120 per square metre. However, many factors influence the actual price. They include the following:

Stone Flooring

Stone flooring is cut from natural stones like granite, marble, travertine, sandstone, and limestone. It possesses inherent qualities like durability, heat retention, and resistance to humidity.

The cost of stone flooring ranges from £40 to £120 per square metre, but other things determine the actual cost. We’ve highlighted a few factors below.

Concrete Flooring

Popular in garages and basements, polished concrete flooring has found its way into home interiors. Although it’s cold under the feet, concrete is durable and easy to maintain.

A contractor may quote between £50 to £160 per square metre for concrete flooring supplies. But the total estimate may be higher depending on the following:

Resin Flooring

Resin flooring is a mixture of synthetic resin and hardener to create a thick surface. It may also include cement powder, pigments, and decorations.

This flooring type is cheap, ranging between £7 to £120 per square metre. The available options are MMA, epoxy, and polyurethane. Because they possess different qualities, the price gap seems wide. However, you should consider other factors before making a buying decision.

How Much Does Flooring Installation Cost?

You should expect to spend between £300 and £1,000 when fitting new flooring, depending on a lot of factors, such as:

How Much Does It Cost to Maintain Flooring?

Maintaining flooring costs between £4 and £30, which is basically the price range for floor cleaning products. You may also get a mop set, which costs an average of £26. Since all you need to do is sweep or vacuum regularly, damp mop, insert furniture pads to prevent scratches, and clean spills immediately, you don’t necessarily need to hire a professional for floor maintenance.

Other things may increase the cost of floor maintenance. They include:

How Much Does It Cost to Clean Flooring?

Professional floor cleaning costs between £2 to £5 per square metre. It involves moving furniture, scrubbing, polishing, and deep cleaning, depending on the type of flooring. Other factors that contribute to the cost of cleaning flooring are as follows:

How Much Does It Cost to Repair Flooring?

You should budget between £70 to £500 for flooring repairs. Small gouges and scratches due to daily use require minor repairs, little effort, and a few resources. However, deep gouges may require refinishing, resanding, resealing, or restaining, which takes more time, special tools, and expertise.

The total amount you’ll spend on repairing flooring depends on the following:

How Much Does It Cost to Restore Flooring?

Flooring restoration could be as low as £40 and as high as £900. The price range depends on the cost of supplies and labour. While you may want to do the task yourself, it’s best to hire a professional because they have the required skills and equipment for the job.

Other factors that determine the price of flooring restoration are:

How Much Does It Cost to Renovate Flooring?

You may spend between £10 to £60 per square metre on flooring renovation. It involves tasks like upgrading, resanding, and refinishing. The things that influence the cost of renovation are:

Are There Any Additional Costs with Flooring?

Yes, various extra costs are associated with flooring besides the initial cost of supplies and installation. These costs include moving furniture, removal and disposal of old flooring, subfloor preparation, installing underlayment, and purchasing accessories like adhesives, nails, screws, and finishing, among others.

Underlay

An underlay is a thin sheet of material placed between the subfloor and the flooring. It evens out imperfections and creates underfoot comfort. Generally, underlays are priced between £3 to £8 per square metre.

Removing the Old Flooring

Installing new flooring usually requires the removal of old flooring because if the old one eventually fails, it’ll affect the new one. Also, it’s important to check the condition of the subfloor before installation. Contractors may charge between £70 to £200 for taking out your old flooring.

Disposal of Old Flooring

You can dispose of your old flooring by arranging for a skip pickup or liaising with the flooring contractor to get rid of it. Some flooring types like laminate, linoleum, and tile are recyclable, which means you can take them to a waste recycling centre. Also, some manufacturers offer a recycling program and can pick up old flooring from your home.

You can rent a 6 or an 8-yard skip since it’s large enough for most home renovation projects. This will cost between £200 to £400.

Do Certain Brands of Flooring Have Specific Costs?

Yes, different flooring brands offer various price points due to the reputation they’ve built over the years, the wide range of flooring colours, patterns, and styles, and the technology used during production.

How Much Does It Cost to Hire a Professional vs. DIY

The table below shows the cost implication of hiring a professional vs. DIY.

FactorsProfessional InstallationDIY
Tools and EquipmentPros have special tools and equipment for various flooring jobs, which assures precisionYou’ll have to buy or rent the tools required, which increases your upfront costs
ExpertisePros have the right skill set for the job, which reduces the time of installation. They also offer a warranty in case something goes wrong later.DIY can result in several mistakes that’ll lead to waste of materials, increase the time spent on the project, and may even void the flooring manufacturer’s warranty
Cost of SuppliesThe cost of flooring materials is the same for both professionals and DIYersDIYers may not have access to trade discounts
LabourPros charge as high as twice the cost of the flooring material, depending on their skills and level of experienceYou won’t pay a dime for labour but your time and efforts are factored into the overall costs

Are There Different Costs Involved in Commercial Flooring and Residential Flooring?

Yes, commercial flooring and residential flooring are quite different in terms of material strength, quality, and design, which heavily impact the cost. When comparing the costs, you’ll realise that commercial flooring is made for high foot traffic and requires special maintenance, while residential flooring prioritises aesthetics and needs low maintenance.

Additionally, the cost of installing commercial flooring is higher than residential flooring since the layout could be large and complex. There are also strict building regulations for commercial buildings which influences the overall cost.

Conclusion

When considering the cost of a residential or commercial flooring project, you should keep in mind factors like the size of your space, type of flooring, brand, labour, and more. You also shouldn’t only look at the upfront costs because many variables can influence the total cost in the long run.

You can contact us now to help you choose a flooring option that fits within your budget.

Nothing beats the appearance of newly installed flooring in a home. It brings warmth and comfort to your space. But whether you’re hiring a professional or undertaking a DIY flooring installation project, having the right set of tools is critical to its success.

Our detailed guide explains everything you need to know about fitting different types of flooring. You’ll find info on the required tools, cost of installation, project timeline, maintenance tips for new floors, and proper disposal of old flooring.

What Is the Flooring Installation Process?

There are different types of flooring with slightly different setups. However, we’ve summarised the general steps involved.

  1. Prepare the Floor: You’ll remove furniture, appliances, and other items that may obstruct the process. Also, the old floor may be removed, depending on its condition and the type of floor you want to fix. Afterwards, you should ensure the subfloor is clean, level, and completely dry.
  2. Fit the Underlayment: Some floors already have an underlay, but you can fix one if you’re not sure. It’s a thin material that’s made of rubber, foam, or felt and helps to absorb the pressure on your flooring so it can last for a long time. Also, it reduces the noise some flooring types make when you step on them, absorbs moisture, and improves insulation.
  3. Plan Your Desired Layout: You may want a simple or complex design. You or the installer will plan the flooring layout to ensure it’s balanced and aesthetically appealing.
  4. Fix the New Flooring: Place the flooring material and secure it, following the manufacturer’s instructions and your design layout.
  5. Clean Up and Reset the Room: Trim any excess materials and ensure the edges are neat. Next, you should clean the room to remove dirt from the installation process and then allow some time for the new floor to settle in if it’s glued. Afterwards, bring in the pieces of furniture and fix other items like skirting boards that you may have removed.

What Preparations Need to be Made to Install a New Floor?

Below are the things you should do when preparing to fit a new floor.

  1. Remove Old Flooring: You’ll clear the space and then remove the existing floor. This should leave the subfloor bare so you can clean it to remove adhesive residues and dirt.
  2. Inspect the Subfloor: Check whether the subfloor has uneven areas, then test for moisture. If the moisture level is higher than recommended, you should consider waterproofing or installing a moisture barrier.
  3. Acclimate the New Flooring Material: The temperature and humidity in the room will fluctuate, which may cause the flooring material to expand and contract. You have to leave it in the room for as long as the manufacturer recommends (usually between 2 to 5 days) so it can adjust to the new environment.

Do You Need to Install Underlay?

Yes, you need to install an underlay if you’re fitting hardwood, engineered wood, or laminate flooring. It helps to add an extra layer of underfoot comfort. But if you’re fitting vinyl and luxury vinyl planks, you should check whether the manufacturer added a backing or specified the type of underlay to use.

What Are the Different Methods of Flooring Installation for the Different Types of Floors?

If you’re yet to decide which flooring material is best for your property, you may as well check out the available methods of fitting new floors. Below is a highlight of the unique steps so you can see how they differ from one material to another.

How Do You Install Laminate Flooring?

Here’s how you can fit laminate flooring:

  1. Install the First Row: Lay the planks facing the long side of the wall, then click them together or glue them down. Cut any excess at the extreme. Also, ensure to use a spacer to maintain an extension gap of a quarter inch.
  2. Install Subsequent Rows: Continue laying the planks, ensuring they lap properly. For the final row, you should also maintain the extension gap towards the wall.
  3. Apply Finishing Touches: Install skirting boards and trims to cover the extension gaps.

How Do You Install Wood Flooring?

Follow these steps for installing wood flooring:

  1. Install the Rows: Leave an extension gap from the wall before installing the first and last rows. Secure the wood planks to the subfloor with staples or nails.
  2. Sanding and Finishing: If the wood is unfinished, ensure to sand the surface, then apply your desired stain or finish to enhance its appearance and protect it from wear and tear.

How Do You Install Vinyl Flooring?

Fitting vinyl flooring is easy. Check out the following tips:

  1. Roll Out the Flooring Material: Glue down with an appropriate adhesive or peel the back and glue to the subfloor if it’s pre-glued. If you’re installing clickable vinyl planks, ensure they click and lock.
  2. Seal the Seams: Vinyl sheets and rolls require the application of a sealant on the seams to ensure that water doesn’t seep through to the subfloor.

How Do You Install Carpet Flooring?

Let’s walk you through the steps of installing carpet flooring.

  1. Install Tack Strips: Place the strips around the perimeter of the room, leaving an extension gap of half an inch from the walls. Also, ensure there are no gaps between the strips.
  2. Roll Out the Underlay: Cover the subfloor with a padded underlay, then secure it with staples or carpet adhesive.
  3. Lay the Carpet: Place the carpet on the underlay with extra six inches to cover the walls. If the room is too large, you’ll have to place another strip of carpet and then seal the seams with seam tape or seaming iron.
  4. Stretch the Carpet: Starting from the centre of the room, use a power stretcher or knee kicker to stretch the carpet. It’ll catch on the tack strips automatically.
  5. Add Finishes: Trim off the excess carpet using a utility knife, then reinstall skirting boards and trims to cover the edges. Ensure to vacuum the carpet to remove debris.

What Tools Do You Need for Flooring Installation?

You’ll need different sets of tools depending on the type of floor you want to install. Here’s a list of the necessary tools:

Why Is It Important to Have the Right Tools for Flooring Installation?

Having the right tools for floor fitting is crucial as it makes the work easier, reduces imperfections, and saves time. Also, some manufacturers specify the tools to use to validate the warranty in case anything goes wrong during installation.

What Are the Essential Tools Needed for Flooring Installation?

The essential tools needed for fitting a new floor vary depending on the type of floor. Below are some common tools.

Are There Any Specialised Tools Required for Specific Aspects of Flooring Installation?

Yes, flooring types like tile, hardwood, and vinyl need special tools.

Tiles:

Hardwood:

Vinyl:

How Much Does Flooring Installation Cost?

On average, flooring installation will cost between £300 and £1,000. However, it depends on the flooring type, room size, brand, location, and condition of the subfloor.

How Is Flooring Installation Cost Calculated?

The cost of flooring installation is calculated per square metre of the floor. Also, labour rates and the number of days involved are factored into the total cost.

How Do Different Types of Flooring Affect the Installation Price?

Each floor type has its method of installation, which affects the installation price. Also, some designs are complex and require precision and more time to complete.

How Does the Size of the Area to be Floored Affect the Installation Cost?

The size of the area affects the new floor installation because it’ll determine how much flooring materials you’ll purchase. Also, a large room means the installer will work around a lot of obstacles like fixtures and furniture.

Are There Any Additional Costs Involved in Flooring Installation?

Yes, additional costs may apply if you need to:

Do You Need the Old Flooring Removed?

Yes, you should remove the old flooring. It allows you to inspect the subfloor and correct problems, such as moisture penetration, unevenness, and accumulated debris, that may reduce the lifespan of the new flooring in the long run.

How Do You Know How Much Flooring You Need for Installation?

Several factors are considered when determining the amount of supplies for a flooring project. They include the room dimension and the type of setup you choose.

How Do You Accurately Measure the Dimensions of the Room for Installation?

You should use a measuring tape to get the length and width of the room. But if the shape is irregular, divide it into smaller sections and measure separately.

How Do You Account for Doorways, Closets, and Other Obstacles When Determining the Quantity of Flooring?

To account for obstacles when determining the quantity of flooring, you should measure the length and width of doorways and closets separately, then subtract it from the main area measurement. Also, you should include some allowance for wastage.

What Are the Different Methods for Calculating the Amount of Flooring Needed?

There are several methods for calculating the amount of flooring you need, depending on the type of flooring and the room layout. The common methods include:

What Is the Recommended Amount of Extra Flooring to Allow for Cutting and Fitting?

It’s advisable to include between 5 to 10% of the total square metres. It makes provision for cutting, mistakes, and adjustments when fitting the flooring material.

How Long Does the Flooring Installation Process Typically Take?

Fitting a new floor takes between one to four days. For instance, fitting tiles in a small room can take between 4 to 24 hours, while a big room may take up to 3 days. So, the duration depends on the size of the room and other factors mentioned below.

What Are the Factors That Can Affect the Duration of the Flooring Installation Process?

The following factors can affect the duration of your flooring project:

Can You Fit Flooring Yourself, or Should You Hire a Professional?

Yes, you can fit flooring yourself if you’ve got the time, skills, and equipment. Otherwise, it’s best to hire a professional that has a track record of delivering excellent services.

What Are the Benefits of Fitting Flooring Yourself?

Want to fit your flooring yourself? Check out the benefits of doing so:

What Are the Benefits of Getting a Professional to Install Your Flooring?

Here’s why you may need to opt for professional installation:

How to Maintain Your Newly Installed Flooring

Each flooring type has unique maintenance techniques. Here are some general maintenance tips:

  1. Sweep or Vacuum Regularly: Doing this will remove dust, dirt, and debris that can cause scratches and dents.
  2. Wipe Spills Immediately: This is important because allowing water to settle down on the flooring makes it prone to moisture damage.
  3. Use the Recommended Cleaning Products: You should use a mild floor cleaner or one recommended by the flooring manufacturer because harsh chemicals can damage the flooring.
  4. Use Furniture Protectors and Area Rugs: You should keep your furniture on furniture pads, not directly on the flooring, and area rugs on spaces with high foot traffic.
  5. Groom Pets: Your pets should be well-groomed to prevent scratches from paws.

How Do You Clean Your New Flooring?

There are different ways of cleaning new flooring, depending on the material. But we’ve listed the general cleaning steps below.

  1. Sweep or Vacuum: After fitting the new flooring, use a soft brush to remove dirt and debris.
  2. Damp Mop: Mix the recommended floor cleaner in a bucket, then mop the floor; ensure to wring out the mop so it’s damp, not wet.
  3. Dry Promptly: Use a dry microfibre mop or cloth to dry the floor after mopping.

How Frequently Should You Clean Your New Flooring?

You should clean your newly fitted flooring at least once or twice each week or as needed. Houses with children and pets, including areas that welcome guests more often, will require frequent cleaning.

How Should You Address Spills and Stains on Your Flooring to Prevent Permanent Damage?

To address spills and stains on flooring, you should act fast instead of allowing them to settle and cause damage. Ensure to blot stains with a paper towel, as rubbing will spread them to other areas. For solid spills, carefully use a wooden or plastic spatula to scrape them without scratching the floor.

What Are the Best Practices for Removing Dirt, Debris, and Pet Hair from Your Flooring?

To remove dirt, debris, and pet hair from your flooring, you should consider getting a vacuum cleaner that has the right attachment for your type of flooring. Also, you have to groom your pet and keep their paws and bedding clean to avoid transferring dirt to the floor. Areas that receive more foot traffic, like entryways, should have rugs to trap dirt from spreading to other rooms.

How Do You Dispose of Your Old Flooring?

The appropriate way to dispose of old flooring depends on the type of flooring. Some products are recyclable, while others can be disposed of as regular construction waste. Ensure to check with your local waste management agency to know your options.

Are There Any Regulations or Guidelines in Your Area Regarding the Disposal of Old Flooring?

Every area has its regulations or guidelines for disposing of old flooring. The UK prioritises recycling and recovery before moving waste to landfills. However, whether the old flooring is from a residence or a commercial building, you should ensure it’s properly handled and transferred to the authorised persons.

What Are the Environmentally Friendly Options for Disposing of Old Flooring?

Various environmentally friendly options are available for disposing of old flooring. They include the following:

Are There Any Local Recycling Centres or Facilities That Accept Old Flooring?

Yes, there are local recycling centres in the UK that accept old flooring. You should note that they don’t accept all kinds of flooring. For instance, local facilities may not be able to handle laminate flooring. So, you should check whether the manufacturer offers a recycling program.

Will the Flooring Installers Dispose of Your Old Flooring for You?

Yes, flooring installers can dispose of your old flooring for you. But you have to hire them for that purpose because it’s not a standard service.

Conclusion

While we’ve provided in-depth information on flooring installation, it’s important to contact a professional who’ll assist you in getting it right. Although you may be worried about the cost, we offer expert guidance that works perfectly with your budget.

Do you want to spice up your place without spending a fortune on new furniture? Flooring renovation is the key. You can upgrade, add to, or restyle your old flooring and enjoy a fresh sight without changing too many things around the house.

But what exactly is flooring renovation? And how much will it cost you? Get your answers and much more in this guide, and if you want to renovate your floors, contact us for an accurate price quote!

What Is Flooring Renovation?

Flooring renovation involves laying a new floor or restyling your existing one to boost its aesthetic. Suppose your floor starts showing signs of wear and tear. To renovate it, you can refinish it, give it a new stain, or rearrange the tiles to give it a new look. However, if the damage is too extensive, you can replace it with a new floor.

What Is the Flooring Renovation Process?

The flooring renovation process depends on multiple factors, including whether your floor needs to be replaced or restored, your budget, your personal preference, and more.

Does the Floor Need to Be Replaced, Or Can It Be Restored?

Whether your floor needs to be replaced or restored depends on its material and state. If it’s too damaged, you’ll likely need to replace it. But if it only shows signs of wear in specific areas, you can restore it. Here are the signs you should replace or restore your floors.

ReplaceRestore
Water damageMould infestationUneven tiles or boardsStubborn discolourationLarge cracks that can’t be fixedSmall cracks and chipsStainsDents under furniture’s legsUV damage (colour fading)

What Is Your Budget?

Before jumping into a renovation project, you need to decide on a budget so that you know how you’ll revamp your floor. For instance, replacing a wood floor costs a lot more than sanding it and reapplying its finishing layer. Naturally, the bigger budget you have, the more changes you’ll be able to make.

What Are Your Preferences to the Look and Feel?

Whether you want your floor to look the same or different as before will affect the entire renovation process. Consider you want your wood floors to look the same but with a more subtle shine. Your option will be to change your matte finishing layer to a satin one. However, if you want an entirely new look, you’ll have to sand the floor and restain it or replace it.

Where Is the Floor Being Renovated?

One of the factors that’ll affect the renovation process is where it’ll happen. For instance, if you want to renovate your kitchen or bathroom floor, you’ll need to look for waterproof floors like ceramic or vinyl. Meanwhile, other rooms, like your living room or bedroom, don’t need the same consideration. You’ll have more freedom in choosing the type of floor you want.

Do You DIY or Hire a Professional?

When dealing with floors, it’s always recommended you hire a professional to avoid mistakes. For instance, if any tile is placed wrongly, you risk water damage and a chaotic-looking floor in your house. Also, flooring experts use specific tools that you might not have, and hiring them is much more affordable than buying new equipment.

Do You Have Elsewhere to Live During Renovation?

Before you renovate, you should consider living elsewhere during the process. This way, the expert floorers will work on the entire house at once and finish faster and more efficiently. But if you stay home, they’ll have to tackle the rooms one by one to give you a place to live, which isn’t convenient and will delay the process.

Does the Subfloor Need Renovating?

If your floor is water damaged, uneven beneath your feet, or has soft spots, chances are the damage originated in your subfloor. Expert floorers can fix the damage, but it’ll cost more money and take longer time than a superficial floor renovation.

How Much Does Floor Renovation Cost?

The average cost of renovating a floor can be anywhere from £40 to £85 per square metre, but the exact price depends on many factors. To name a few, it depends on the size of your house, the type of your floors, the nature of your property (residential or commercial), and the labour prices in your area. Also, the price will go up drastically if you lay new floors.

Different Types of Flooring Commonly Used in Renovation

There are six types of floors that are commonly used in renovation, wood, carpet, vinyl, laminate, linoleum, and tiles. Here’s a brief rundown of them and why they’re common in this field.

Wood

Wood is the ideal choice for many properties because it can be easily repaired and restored. Many other floors need replacement if even minor damage occurs, but wood can be sanded, restrained, and refinished. In essence, you could have an entirely new floor without moving a board out of its place.

Carpet

The warmth and quiet provided by carpet flooring are enough to make it a favourite choice among homeowners. It’s also easy to install and replace and more budget-friendly than many hard floor options. If you recently removed your hard floors and want an entirely different look and feel, you should consider carpet.

Vinyl

Vinyl flooring is an ideal choice if you’re planning to renovate because of its resilience and resistance to water. It’s less likely to suffer water damage than natural floors, and it doesn’t cost nearly as much. That said, vinyl floors fade in competition next to wood floors, as they can’t be repaired and often need replacements if damaged.

Laminate

Laminate flooring combines the attractive aesthetic of natural floors and the resilience of artificial floors, making it a common floor replacement option. Suppose you had wood flooring and had to remove it because of water damage or rot in the subfloor. You can install laminate flooring, enjoy the woodsy look, and say goodbye to these problems!

Linoleum

Linoleum has been benched for years under the pretence that it’s outdated, but it’s been slowly regaining its standing in the renovation business for the qualities it offers. It’s budget-friendly, durable, and water-resistant. It’s a decent option if you want durable floors without breaking the bank on more expensive natural materials.

Tiles

Tiles come in many materials, most commonly ceramic and porcelain. They’re an ideal option because of their durability, resistance to water, and ease of maintenance and repair. Because tiles come in small pieces, you can replace the damaged parts only and avoid replacing the floor. However, with rolls, you can’t fix a small part without removing the entire floor.

What Is Wood Floor Renovation?

Wood floors can be renovated by replacing or repairing them. The former includes laying a new floor because of extensive damage or an outdated design. Meanwhile, the latter includes sanding the floor to remove any cracks or damage signs, giving it a new stain, and refinishing it.

What Is the Difference Between Restoration and Renovation?

The two terms are used interchangeably, but ultimately, restoration means repairing your existing floor and bringing back its original look and look. Meanwhile, renovation means upgrading your old floor to a new one or restyling your old floor to give it a new look.

The former is done to damaged floors only, while renovation can be done to a neat-looking floor that you feel is out of style.

What Is the Difference Between Remodelling and Renovation?

Remodelling involves a complete transformation of the floor, changing its purpose and how it looks. For instance, you can use old tiles as wall decoration or wood floor boards to build a table. Meanwhile, renovation involves refreshing the appearance of the floor while maintaining its purpose.

To Wrap Up

Do you want to renovate your floors and enjoy a new look and feel? First, consider the state of your floor and whether it should be replaced, your budget, and your preferences. Then, hire a professional for the job and lay back as your old floor gets upgraded!

If you want to restore your old floors and breathe new life into them, set up a consultation with us now!

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